Calendar overview 1433
|King Sigismund is crowned Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire .||
Duarte becomes the
second King of Portugal
from Avis .
|1433 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||881/882 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||5. Feuerstein - Macuilli Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 4th pipes - Nahui Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1976/77 (southern Buddhism); 1975/76 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||795/796 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||836/837 (turn of the year August 17th / 18th)|
|Jewish calendar||5193/94 (September 14-15)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1743/44 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1744/45 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1489/90 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- January 15th : Agnes von Baden, the pregnant wife of Duke Gerhard VII of Schleswig , Count of Holstein , falls on a staircase and goes into labor. The next day she gives birth to two healthy 7-month-children. However, since the marriage did not officially take place until October 5th of the previous year, the “ Gottorf twin fall ” caused irritation. In order to stop the rumors that arise, Gerhard VII declares in Gottorf Castle and later in Schleswig Cathedral that he is the father, with his co-regent and brother Adolf VIII supporting him. But the Duke was so affected by the matter that in February an old lung disease broke out in him again, of which he died on July 24th on his return from a cure in Baden-Baden near Emmerich . Adolf VIII refuses Agnes the return trip to Schleswig and denies her children the legacy of the Schauenburgers . Agnes returns to Baden , where she is interned by her brother Jakob I for the rest of her life.
- April 12 : In the Hague Treaty , Jakobäa von Straubing-Holland has to cede the counties of Holland , Zeeland , Friesland and Hainaut to Philip of Burgundy . Philip, who was born by Jakobäa's uncle Johann III. has been installed as heir against her will, has her husband Frank van Borselen captured and demands for his release the areas claimed by Jakobäa.
- In the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel is the " Recess from 17th May 1433" by Henry the peaceable the serfdom abolished.
- May 31 : After reconciling himself with Pope Eugene IV and pledging to eradicate heresy in Bohemia , King Sigismund is crowned Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in Rome , almost 22 years after his election as Roman-German King. Kaspar Schlick becomes his chancellor. He is the first incumbent to be a layperson and of civil origin.
- August 14th : After the death of Johann I , his son Eduard ascends the throne in Portugal .
- September 21 : Johann von Pfalz-Neumarkt defeats the Taborites in the Battle of Hiltersried , who have been plundering the Upper Palatinate for some time . It remains the only major battle that the militarily well-organized Hussites lose. The defeat at Hiltersried leads to internal quarrels among the Hussites. The long-smoldering conflict between the radical Taborites and the moderate Calixtiners breaks out again. The Hussite movement is breaking up, the end of the Hussite Wars is drawing near.
- October 31 : The Republic of Gersau becomes formally independent as an area directly under the Reich .
- The crumbling Mali empire must give up Timbuktu .
- Takla Mariam , Negus Negest in Ethiopia from the Solomon dynasty , dies after three years of reign. His successor is his son Sarwe Jesus . But this ruled only a few months before he died of the plague. His younger brother Amda Jesus becomes the new Negus .
- Lue Sai , ruler of the Lao Kingdom of Lan Xang , committed suicide in the palace gardens of Luang Phrabang under the influence of his aunt Keo Phim Fa . He is succeeded by Khai Bua Ban .
Religion and culture
- November 30th : The Bohemian Estates agree the Prague compacts with the Council of Basel , which allow certain deviations in matters of faith. On December 15, at the urging of Emperor Sigismund , Pope Eugene IV recognized the council as legal again with the bull Dudum sacrum .
- Nikolaus von Kues presented his work De concordantia catholica to the Council of Basel.
- Winnemar Gruters von Wachtendonk becomes Vicar General of the Archbishop of Cologne .
- The south tower of St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna is completed.
Date of birth saved
- September 17 : Jaime de Portugal , Portuguese Archbishop of Lisbon, Cardinal († 1459 )
- September 21 : Guillaume Fichet , French scholar, rector and librarian of the Sorbonne University († around 1480 )
- October 19 : Bernardo Bembo , Venetian diplomat († 1519 )
- October 19 : Marsilio Ficino , Italian humanist, philosopher, doctor and translator († 1499 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Jacques d'Armagnac , French nobleman, Duke of Nemours († 1477 )
- Georg von Baden , German nobleman, Bishop of Metz († 1484 )
- Charles II. De Bourbon , French Duke of Bourbon and Auvergne, Archbishop of Lyon († 1488 )
- Marcin Bylica , Polish astronomer and astrologer († 1493 )
- Giovanni Giocondo , Italian Dominican, humanist, archaeologist and architect († 1515 )
- Ladislaus Hunyadi , Hungarian politician († 1457 )
- Hamameddin Mirchond , Persian historian († 1495 )
- Jobst Nikolaus I , German count in the county of Hohenzollern († 1488 )
- Guillaume de Rochefort , Chancellor of France († 1492 )
Born around 1433
- Isaac II Aboab , Jewish author, rabbi, was considered the last Gaon in Castile († 1495 )
- Eleanor of Scotland , daughter of King James I of Scotland († 1480 )
- George Neville , English Lord Chancellor and Archbishop of York († 1476 )
Date of death secured
- March 17 : Nikolaus von Dinkelsbühl , German theologian (* around 1360 )
- April 14 : Lidwina von Schiedam , Dutch Catholic saint (* 1380 )
- April 26 : Hermann Westphal , Councilor of the Hanseatic City of Hamburg
- April: Jean I. de Neufchatel , Burgundian military and diplomat (* 1378 / 79 )
- July 20 : Jón Gerreksson , Bishop of Skálholt in southern Iceland (* around 1378 )
- July 24th : Gerhard VII. , Count of Holstein and pretender of Schleswig (* 1404 )
- July 31 : Konrad von Arnsberg , auxiliary bishop in Cologne
- August 14 : John I , tenth king of Portugal (* 1357 )
- August 31 : Peter I , Count of Brienne and Conversano and Count of Saint-Pol (* 1390 )
- September 22nd : Zweder van Culemborg , Bishop of Utrecht
- September 28th : Olivier de Châtillon , Count of Penthièvre, Vice Count of Limoges, Lord of Avesnes, Landrecies etc.
- September 28 : Přemysl I , Duke of Troppau and Leobschütz (* around 1365 )
- December 1 : Go-Komatsu , Emperor of Japan (* 1377 )
- December 5 : Engelbert Wusterwitz , German chronicler of the history of the Brandenburg region (* around 1385 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Alain Chartier , French diplomat and poet (* 1385 )
- Lue Sai , ruler of the Lao Kingdom of Lan Xang
- Heinrich Meteler , Lübeck businessman, councilor and co-founder of the circle society
- Sarwe Jesus , Negus negest of Ethiopia
- Takla Mariam , Negus negest of Ethiopia