Kaspar Schlick (* around 1396 in Eger ; † July 19, 1449 in Vienna ), Count of Passaun and Weißkirchen, was Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire ; he was the first incumbent to be a layperson and of civil origin. The Freising Bishop Heinrich II. Schlick was his brother.
Kaspar Schlick was born as the son of the businessman and councilor Heinrich Schlick and the Constantia di Collalto Margravine of Treviso in Eger, the second oldest of eight children. He attended the university in Leipzig and then entered the service of the Bohemian King Sigismund . From 1415 to 1417 he accompanied the king on his travels to Spain , France and England . In 1416 he was appointed scribe, 1426 royal secretary, 1427 protonotary , 1429 royal vice-chancellor and 1433 imperial chancellor of Emperor Sigismund.
Schlick was Imperial Chancellor from 1433 to 1437 under Emperor Sigismund and Chancellor under King Albrecht II and Friedrich III. In 1435 Kaspar Schlick and his brother Matthäus received Gut and Herrschaft Falkenau from Emperor Sigismund as a gift. As the emperor's influential politician, he took part in several campaigns against the Ottoman Empire and the Hussites , negotiated in the name of the king in Prussia , Poland and Lithuania, and conducted domestic negotiations with the Hussites. He accompanied Sigismund to the Council of Basel and took part in his imperial coronation in Rome . In his position he acted as a negotiator with the Pope. Even under King Albrecht II, whom he supported in enforcing the royal succession in Bohemia, Schlick remained in office, despite domestic political opposition.
Schlick was in 1442 in the royal council of Friedrich III. and reappointed Chancellor in 1443. However, his influence diminished over time as his ideas did not always coincide with those of the king. He campaigned for his younger brother Heinrich to be appointed Bishop of Freising , although the cathedral chapter there had chosen a different candidate. In 1449 he retired from his office, but then took part in the royal succession of King Ladislaus , on whose behalf he had negotiated in Milan in 1447 .
In addition to politics, Schlick was also interested in art and science. He supported talented artists and scientists such as Enea Silvio Piccolomini . For his services he received lands in the Egerland as well as in the then Hungarian Weißkirchen ( Holíč , now Slovakia). Schlick was raised to Baron von Weißkirchen in 1422, Imperial Count of Passaun ( Bassano , in northern Italy) in 1437 and Count of Passaun and Weißkirchen in 1438.
- Heinrich Gradl : On the origin of the Schlicke, (messages from the Association for the History of Germans in Böhmen 20, 1882)
- Max Dvořák : The forgeries of the Reich Chancellor Kaspar Schlick . (MIÖG 22, 1901)
- Alfred Pennrich: The forgeries of the Reich Chancellor Kaspar Schlick along with contributions to his life . 1901
- Otto Hufnagel: Caspar Schlick's last emergence in politics along with a critical contribution to the problem of counterfeiting . (Diss. Leipzig), 1910
- Otto Hufnagel: Caspar Schlick as Chancellor of Friedrich III. (MIÖG edition 8, 1911)
- Rudolf Schreiber : The Elbogner land register of the counts of Schlick . (Sudeten German Historical Archive, 1934)
- Artur Zechel: Studies on Kaspar Schlick Beginnings / First Chancellery / Question of forgery. A contribution to the history and diplomacy of the 15th century . In: Sources and research in the field of history 15 . 1939
- Paul-Joachim Heinig : Was Kaspar Schlick a forger? In: Forgeries in the Middle Ages, Part III: Diplomatic forgeries (I) . 1988
- Peter Schmid : Schlick, Kaspar. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 9, Bautz, Herzberg 1995, ISBN 3-88309-058-1 , Sp. 277-280.
- Franz Fuchs : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 23, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-428-11204-3 , p. 77 f. ( ).
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Schlik, Caspar (I.) . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 30th part. Imperial-Royal Court and State Printing Office, Vienna 1875, p. 106 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Franz Krones : Schlick, Kaspar . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 31, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1890, pp. 505-510.
- Schlick, Kaspar . In: East German Biography (Kulturportal West-Ost)
- Officially there was no Vice Chancellor, but Schlick had the relevant powers. See: Karl Schellhass: Kaspar Schlick's Vice Chancellery. In: Journal of History, Volume 3, 1890
- Donation from Emperor Sigismund, Friday after Simon and Juda 1435 (Prague), Falkenau City Archives
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Schlick, Caspar von|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Imperial Count and Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1396|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Eger|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 19, 1449|
|Place of death||Vienna|