Heinrich II. Schlick

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Heinrich II. Schlick on a painting in the Fürstengang Freising
Coat of arms of Heinrich II. Schlick in the Fürstengang Freising

Heinrich II. Schlick (* around 1400 in Eger ; † around 1448 in Oberwölz ) was Prince-Bishop of Freising from 1443 to 1448 .

Heinrich was born as the 7th child of Heinrich and Konstantia Schlick around 1400 in Eger. He was the younger brother of the influential royal chancellor Kaspar Schlick . He owed his career to this.

After the death of the incumbent Freising Bishop Nicodemus della Scala, who was loyal to the Pope, on August 13, 1443, the cathedral chapter chose John III. Grünwalder unanimously - and supported by the Council of Basel - as bishop on September 13, 1443 .

However, Kaspar Schlick did everything in his power to make his brother a bishop. This was already canons of Regensburg, Prague and Freising. Kaspar stood up for Heinrich with the Roman Pope Eugene IV , with the Pope of the Basel Council, Pope Felix V and above all with King Friedrich III. a. None of the popes wanted to spoil it with the king and all knew about the great influence of Kaspar Schlick. When the influence of Pope Felix V waned, Pope Eugene IV appointed Heinrich Bishop of Freising in January 1444. The certificate of appointment was dated September 12, 1443, exactly one day before the election of the cathedral chapter, in order to better legitimize the appointment.

However, the cathedral chapter did not recognize the appointment and continued to consider Johann III. Grünwalder as the rightful bishop. Despite the threat of excommunication for Grünwalder's supporters, Heinrich was unable to assert himself. Heinrich was only able to occupy the Rothenfels Castle in Freising in Oberwölz (Styria). Pope Nicholas V , the successor of Eugene IV, confirmed Heinrich's rights again on August 30, 1447. It was all the more surprising when King Friedrich Heinrich dropped and sided with Grünwalder. Friedrich asked the Pope to impose eternal silence on Heinrich and to recall him as Bishop of Freising. The reasons for the king's panning are unclear; it is believed that the king was convinced of Henry's ineptitude. Nicholas V did not want to spoil it with Friedrich and agreed. When Grünwalder was awarded the regalia by King Friedrich on May 23, 1448 , Heinrich knew that he was in a losing position. On August 21, 1488, Heinrich renounced all claims and received a thousand Hungarian ducats as compensation and the lifelong use of the Oberwölz lordship with Rotenfels Castle as his seat. Heinrich was never ordained bishop and had never entered his royal seat; instead, Johannes Grünwalder ruled over the Hochstift Freising during his tenure . Heinrich's exact date of death is not known, according to J. Sutner, he died in Oberwölz in 1448.

Rothenfels Castle in Oberwölz

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Schlick - Counts of Passaun (Bassano) and Waisskirchen . euweb.cz. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  2. ^ Deutinger, Papal Documents, No. 37
  3. ^ Deutinger, Papal Documents, No. 44
  4. ^ J. Maß, The Diocese of Freising in the Middle Ages, Müanchen, 1986, p. 312
  5. Joseph Sutner, Miscellaneous Writings, Munich 1828, p 440
predecessor Office successor
Nicodemus della Scala Bishop of Freising
1443 - 1448
John III Grünwalder