Emicho Wildgraf von Kyrburg

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Emicho on a painting in the Fürstengang Freising
Emicho's coat of arms in the Fürstengang Freising

Wildgrave Emicho († July 28, 1311 ), from the family of the Wildgraves , was 29th Prince-Bishop of Freising from 1283 to 1311 .


He was a son of Emich, Wildgraf von Kyrburg († 1289) and his wife Elisabeth von Montfort , daughter of Count Hugo von Montfort and sister of Bishop Heinrich I of Chur († 1272).

His father's brothers were Gerhard , Archbishop of Mainz, Heinrich, Abbot of St. Maximin in Trier and Konrad II , Bishop of Freising.

Emicho's brother Friedrich Wildgraf von Kyrburg was the Upper German provincial master of the Templar Order . This and his other brothers Gerhard, Konrad, Godefrid and Hugo ( Canon of Mainz ) appear in a document as benefactors of the Templars coming to Kirchheim an der Weinstrasse .

Live and act

In 1284 he acquired the dominion of Burgrain with market and Isen monastery , then in 1294 the counties of Partenkirchen and Mittenwald ( Werdenfels ). He dissolved the diocese from the bailiwick and the district court of the Bavarian dukes, and the Freising bishop was henceforth sovereign in the Hochstift Freising . The crowned Mohrenkopf in the coat of arms, which is typical for the Freising bishops and indicates the imperial immediacy , appeared as a crowned Ethiopian ("caput aethiopis") for the first time in 1284 in the coat of arms of Emichos.


Individual evidence

  1. "Wildgraf in Kyrburg and Schmidtburg, Emich II.". Hessian biography. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  2. Winfried Dotzauer: History of the Nahe-Hunsrück area from the beginnings to the French Revolution , p. 126 u. 133, Franz Steiner Verlag, 2001, ISBN 3-515-07878-9 ; (Digital scan)
  3. Entry in the Templerlexikon of the University of Hamburg, on the Templerhaus Kirchheim
predecessor Office successor
Friedrich von Montalban Bishop of Freising
Gottfried von Hexenagger