Johannes Hake

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Johannes II. Hook on a painting in the Fürstengang Freising
The coat of arms of Johannes II. Hake in the Fürstengang Freising

Johannes Ha (c) ke , called Johann von Göttingen , also Johann Hake (* around 1280; † probably October 3, 1349 in Avignon ), was a well-known doctor and since 1331 as Johannes I Bishop of Verden and from 1341 as Johannes II Bishop of Freising .


Coming from the Hake family in Göttingen, he called himself "von Göttingen". Family names mentioned in the literature such as “Griese”, “von Westerholt”, “Ötting” or “von Zesterfleth” are demonstrably wrong.

Hake studied medicine and the fine arts in Paris and was since 1305 Magister Artium in Paris and from 1314 professor of medicine in Montpellier, where he had previously obtained the medical master's degree. In Montpellier he taught at both the medical faculty and the artist faculty. As "berühmtester doctor in the world" was applicable Hake 1314-1318 Doctor King Ludwig of Bavaria and since 1318 the personal physician of Baldwin of Trier . In 1319 he was a family member and doctor of Cardinal Stefaneschi in Avignon. In 1324 he became Bishop Elect of Cammin . For many years he was Baldwin's envoy to the Curia in Avignon . In his office as Bishop of Verden (1331 to 1341) he was often represented, he was only actually present there once for several months. As the first bishop directly appointed by the Pope in Verden, he first had to come to an agreement with the bypassed cathedral chapter. Later he transferred the administration of the diocese to his vicar general Gottfried von Werpe and stayed mostly in Avignon.

Johannes was also the personal physician of King John of Bohemia (1324) and Pope Benedict XII. (1335) as well as several cardinals . In 1331 he wrote the treatise "De cautela a venenis" , which he addressed as a letter to King John of Bohemia and in which he generally deals with poisonous murders. In 1341 he was transferred to the diocese of Freising by the Pope von Verden . Here, however, he was unable to assert himself against the cathedral chapter and the opposing bishops Ludwig von Kamerstein (1340–1342) and Leutold von Schaumburg-Julbach (1342–1349) supported by it. According to the Freising Bishop's chronicle, he never entered the Diocese of Freising. Until he resigned, he officially served as administrator of Verden until 1342 and as Bishop of Freising until his death in 1349.

He probably survived a plague in 1348 and is considered the author of “Contra epidemiam” . Johannes probably died on October 3, 1349. Johann was buried in Avignon.


  • Sophisma de intellectu et intentione. 1305
  • De cautela a venenis. 1331
    • Incomplete edition: Johannes de Gottingen episcopi Caminensis Epistola ad Joannem I. Bohemiae regem de cautela a venenis. In: Johann Friedrich Schanat (Ed.): Vindemiae literariae. 1723, pp. 211-213.
  • Contra epidemiam. 1348


  • Wolfgang Wegner: Johann von Göttingen (also called: Johannes Hacke, J. Griese van Westerholt). In: Werner E. Gerabek et al. (Ed.): Enzyklopädie Medizingeschichte. De Gruyter, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-11-015714-4 , p. 699.
  • Arend Mindermann: "The most famous doctor in the world": Bishop Johann Hake, called von Göttingen (around 1280–1349). Publishing house for regional history, Bielefeld 2001 (= Göttingen research on regional history, 3), ISBN 3-89534-324-2 .
  • Miriam Spiller: Searching for clues. Contemporary discourses and debaters on problems in imperial politics in the German late Middle Ages. 2006 (dissertation, University of Gießen, 2004; online ).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Arend Mindermann: Johann (es) I. Hake. In résumés between the Elbe and Weser. Landschaftsverband Stade, Stade 2002, ISBN 3-931879-08-9
  2. ^ Wolfgang Wegner: Johann von Göttingen. 2005, p. 699.
  3. ^ Andreas Mettenleiter : Personal reports, memories, diaries and letters from German-speaking doctors. Supplements and supplements II (A – H). In: Würzburg medical history reports. 21, 2002, pp. 490-518; P. 511 f.
  4. Arend Mindermann: The most famous doctor in the world. 2001, p. 22 (also discusses alternative death dates).
predecessor Office successor
Nikolaus von Kesselhut Bishop of Verden
Daniel von Wichtrich
Conrad IV of Klingenberg Bishop of Freising
Albert II of Hohenberg