Johann Theodor of Bavaria

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Cardinal Johann Theodor von Bayern on a painting in the Fürstengang Freising
The coat of arms of Johann Theodor von Bayern in the Fürstengang Freising
Johann Theodor of Bavaria

Johann Theodor von Bayern (born September 3, 1703 in Munich , † January 27, 1763 in Liège ) was cardinal and bishop of Regensburg (from 1719) and Freising (from 1727) and from 1744 Prince-Bishop of Liège .


His parents were Maximilian II. Emanuel and Therese Kunigunde of Poland . Originally it was intended for the secular class. But the death of his older brother, Philipp Moritz on March 12, 1719 changed the situation. His brother Clemens August I of Bavaria took over the post in the north-west of the Holy Roman Empire (e.g. the diocese of Münster ), while Johann Theodor moved up. So he became Prince-Bishop of Freising and Regensburg. He was ordained a priest on April 8, 1730 . The episcopal ordination donated by his brother Clemens August on 1 October of that year. Co-consecrators were the Apostolic Vicar of the North , Johann Friedrich Adolf von Hörde , and Auxiliary Bishop Ferdinand Oesterhoff OCist from Münster. In 1724 he participated in the Wittelsbach House Union .

Since his two dioceses were not a particularly large power factor because of their small size, he was dependent on his brother, the Francophile Elector and later Emperor Karl Albrecht , and thereby also approached the Bourbons . Therefore, Louis XV supported. 1732 the candidacy of Johann Theodor for the office of high and German master . Nevertheless, he was defeated in the election by his brother, Clemens August I of Bavaria . On September 9, 1743, Pope Benedict XIV accepted him as a cardinal in pectore in the college of cardinals . The appointment was published at the consistory on January 17, 1746. He received the titular church of San Lorenzo in Lucina . From 1744 he was also Prince-Bishop of Liège and thus gained in importance. Pope Clement XIII. However, shortly after the death of his brother Clemens August on March 11, 1761, he refused to approve the election of Johann Theodor as Archbishop of Cologne and justified this with a scandalous, unspiritual way of life.

He came from the last generation of Wittelsbach prince-bishops . In the next generation there were not enough born sons to fill clerical offices.

His heart was buried separately and is located in the Chapel of Grace in Altötting .


Pedigree of Johan Theodor von Bayern

Wilhelm V of Bavaria (1548–1626)
⚭ 1568
Renata of Lorraine (1544–1602)

Ferdinand II. (1578–1637)
⚭ 1600
Maria Anna of Bavaria (1574–1616)

Karl Emanuel I of Savoy (1562–1630)
⚭ 1585
Katharina Michaela of Spain (1567–1597)

Henry IV of France (1553–1610)
⚭ 1600
Maria de 'Medici (1575–1642)

Marek Sobieski (1548 / 50–1605)

Jadwiga Snopkowska (1556 / 59–1588 / 89)

Jan Daniłowicz (1570–1628)

Zofia Żółkiewska (1590–1634)

Antoine de La Grange d'Arquien

Anne d'Ancienville

Baptiste de La Châtre of Bruillebault

Gabrielle Lamy

Great grandparents

Maximilian I of Bavaria
⚭ 1635
Maria Anna of Austria (1610–1665)

Viktor Amadeus I of Savoy (1587–1637)
⚭ 1619
Christina of France (1606–1663)

Jakub Sobieski (1590–1646)
⚭ 1627
Zofia Teofillia Daniłowicz (1607–1661)

Henri Albert de La Grange d'Arquien (1613–1707)

Françoise de la Châtre


Elector Ferdinand Maria of Bavaria (1636–1679)
⚭ 1652
Henriette Adelheid of Savoy (1636–1676)

King John III Sobieski of Poland (1629–1696)
⚭ 1665
Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien (1641–1716)


Elector Maximilian II. Emanuel of Bavaria (1662–1726)
⚭ 1695
Therese Kunigunde of Poland (1676–1730)

Johann Theodor of Bavaria


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Wilhelm Kohl : The diocese of Münster. (= Germania sacra. The dioceses of the ecclesiastical province of Cologne. NF Bd. 37, 3). Volume 3. de Gruyter, Berlin et al. 2003, ISBN 3-11-017592-4 , p. 703, accessed on February 26, 2012.

Web links

Commons : Johann Theodor von Bayern  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
predecessor Office successor
Clemens August I of Bavaria Bishop of Regensburg
Clemens Wenzeslaus of Saxony
Johann Franz Eckher von Kapfing and Liechteneck Bishop of Freising
Clemens Wenzeslaus of Saxony
Georg Ludwig von Berghes Bishop of Liège
Charles of Oultremont
Domenico Silvio Passionei Cardinal Protopriest
Giacomo Oddi