Joseph Konrad von Schroffenberg-Mös

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Joseph Konrad Freiherr von Schroffenberg on a painting in the Fürstengang Freising

Joseph Konrad Freiherr von Schroffenberg-Mös (born February 3, 1743 in Konstanz , † April 4, 1803 in Berchtesgaden ) was Prince-Bishop of Freising and Regensburg and Prince Provost of the Berchtesgaden Provostry .


The academically trained lawyer Schroffenberg made his vows as an Augustinian in 1770 . He began his career as a capitular in Berchtesgaden when he was elected prince provost in 1780, who also succeeded Maximilian Prokop von Toerring-Jettenbach as Bishop of Freising and in 1790 as Bishop of Regensburg.

He died of a stroke in the last remaining residence, Schloss Adelsheim, shortly after his retirement from the Prince's Provosty. He found his final resting place under a stone tombstone in the collegiate church in Berchtesgaden .


As regent of the prince-provost of Berchtesgaden , he searched for the waste of his predecessors to remove the debt burden of the small, under him still independent territory , which had grown to 335,000 guilders "securitized debts" and 50,000 guilders "current debts" and to increase its economic power. In particular, Schroffenberg's frugality at his own court was very much appreciated by the inhabitants of the Berchtesgadener Land . However, his efforts were almost wiped out again in 1786 and 1787 by the flooding of the Schellenberg and Frauenreut salt pans and the partly completely destroyed trift systems and water caves. On the other hand, he took on the education system with his previous winter and corner schools with sustained success when he set up a first secondary school or normal school in Markt Berchtesgaden in 1792 and a cotton spinning school in 1793. Relations with Bavaria also improved considerably under him . In order to put the country on an economically secure footing, he signed a contract with Bavaria on April 28, 1795, according to which all Berchtesgaden salt works were given to him against payment of 50,000 guilders and 200 guilders for each capitular .

As a result of the political upheavals of secularization , Schroffenberg lost his domain. Freising was annexed on November 27, 1802 by troops from the Electorate of Bavaria under Johann Adam von Aretin and the Hochstift Freising was dissolved. Schroffenberg was thus the last Prince-Bishop of Freising. The Hochstift Regensburg was converted into the Principality of Regensburg in 1803 under the government of Kurerzkanzler Karl Theodor von Dalberg , who was elected as his successor as bishop while Schroffenberg was still alive. The prince provost of Berchtesgaden came to the Duchy of Salzburg in 1803 , so that he was also the last prince provost of the then independent Lentell Berchtesgaden .

Posthumous appreciations

  • The spur road to Adelsheim Palace , in which he spent the last weeks of his life until his death on April 4, 1803, was named Schroffenbergallee after him.

Web links

Commons : Category: Joseph Konrad von Schroffenberg-Mös  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files


  • Manfred Feulner: Berchtesgaden - history of the country and its inhabitants . Berchtesgadener Anzeiger Verlag , Berchtesgaden 1986 ISBN 3-925647-00-7 , pp. 189-194.
  • Karl Hausberger : History of the diocese of Regensburg. Volume 2: From the Baroque to the Present. Pustet, Regensburg 1989, ISBN 3-7917-1188-1 , pp. 37-42.
  • A. Helm , Hellmut Schöner (ed.): Berchtesgaden in the course of time . Reprint from 1929. Association for local history d. Berchtesgadener Landes. Verlag Berchtesgadener Anzeiger and Karl M. Lipp Verlag, Munich 1973. pp. 100, 106–111, 261–262.
  • Stefan Plenk: The affiliation of the prince provost of Berchtesgaden to the Kingdom of Bavaria. Grin, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-638-93654-5 (LMU Munich, historical seminar).
  • Josef Staber: Church history of the diocese of Regensburg. Habbel, Regensburg 1966, pp. 164-169.

Individual evidence

  1. Joseph Ernst von Koch-Sternfeld : History of the Principality of Berchtesgaden and its salt works. Volume 3. Mayr, Salzburg 1815, p. 86 f.
  2. a b c Manfred Feulner: Berchtesgaden - history of the country and its inhabitants. Pp. 189-194
  3. Hellmut Schöner (ed.): Berchtesgaden in the course of time. Supplementary volume I. Berchtesgadener Anzeiger Verlag, Berchtesgaden 1982, ISBN 3-87490-528-4 , p. 99.
  4. page on the history of the Adelsheim castle
predecessor Office successor
Franz Anton Josef von Hausen-Gleichenstorff Prince Provost of Berchtesgaden
secularized and to
Elector Ferdinand of Salzburg
Maximilian Prokop from Toerring-Jettenbach Prince-Bishop of Freising
1789–1802 / 03
Secularized and secular violence to:
Elector Maximilian IV of Bavaria
Spiritual violence:
Sedisvakanz ( Apostolic Vicar: Joseph Jakob von Heckenstaller )

Lothar Anselm von Gebsattel
Maximilian Prokop from Toerring-Jettenbach Prince-Bishop of Regensburg
Karl Theodor von Dalberg