High renaissance

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The High Renaissance describes the heyday of the Italian Renaissance in the period from around 1500 to 1530.

The masters of art of this period strived for the highest artistic perfection and harmony : Leonardo da Vinci , Michelangelo and Tizian were masters of the representation of the human body, Raphael the problem-free handling of spatial perspective , Tizian and Leonardo da Vinci also created virtuoso use of color. Their model of classical antiquity was not only considered to be mastered by the contemporaries of the High Renaissance through the works of their praised masters, but also exceeded. They saw the same in the exemplary architecture of Bramante and Michelangelo as well as in the literature of Baldassare Castiglione , Niccolò Machiavelli or Ludovico Ariosto .

The center of this period is papal Rome and Florence. Bramante's central building designs for the new St. Peter's Church , Leonardo da Vinci's famous paintings (“ The Last Supper ”, “ Mona Lisa ”), Raphael's painting of the “ Stanzen ” (the Pope's apartments) and his most famous altarpiece, the “ Sistine Madonna ”, Michelangelo's sculptures (“ David ”,“ Moses ”) and his frescoes on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel .

The German painter Albrecht Dürer is considered one of the most important exponents of the Renaissance north of the Alps. His copperplate engravings are particularly well known and popular . In Germany, the High Renaissance did not take shape until the middle of the 16th century, primarily in architecture. Are important, for example, in 1572 consecrated chapel Augustusburg ( hunting lodge Augustusburg ), the ornamental Renaissance features of the original gothic created in the years 1560-1580 chapel in Celle or the built 1619-1625 Fürstenmausoleum Stadthagen . The renaissance facade of the Nuremberg Pellerhaus from 1605, which was destroyed in the Second World War, was also architecturally interesting. The new building of the Old Nuremberg City Hall in 1616–1622 was also based on the facade design of Italian city palaces of the High Renaissance, with the pavilion-like dwelling houses also architectural elements of the German renaissance. The Spandau Citadel in Berlin is considered to be one of the most important and best-preserved fortresses in Europe from the High Renaissance period .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Renaissance approx. 1520–1660 (in Germany). Chamber of Architects North Rhine-Westphalia, accessed on July 4, 2018 .
  2. Castle Chapel Augustusburg (near Chemnitz). Mirko Seidel, accessed on July 4, 2018 .
  3. The Celle Castle Chapel. Celle Tourismus und Marketing GmbH, accessed on July 4, 2018 .
  4. Renaissance in Germany - An art-geographic time image. (PDF; 4 MB) Trier University Library, accessed on July 4, 2018 .