Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle

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Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle (born June 15, 1746 in Paris , † August 16, 1800 murdered there) was a French lawyer and botanist . Its official botanical author's abbreviation is “ L'Hér. "


Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle was appointed by the king as administrative officer ( procureur du roi ) of the forestry authority ( maîtrise des eaux et forêts ). He later worked as a consultant at the cour des aides . As an amateur botanist, he joined the Académie royale des sciences as a botanist ( associé botaniste ) in 1790 . When this was closed by the National Convention in 1795 and placed under the auspices of the newly founded Institut de France , the latter accepted him as a member of the Section for Botany and Biophysics ( section de botanique et physique végétale ).


The amateur botanist published the two-volume work Stirpes novae aut minus cognitae, quas descriptionibus et iconibus illustravit Carolus Ludovicus L'Héritier in Paris between 1784 and 1785 . His attention was mainly the pantograph plants (Geraniaceae), which he published in the year 1792, Geranologia abhandelte titled work. He is particularly responsible for the distinction between the genera cranesbill ( Geranium L. ), pelargonium ( Pelargonium ) and heron beak ( Erodium L'Hér. ).

Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle left a herbarium with around 8000 species and an important library of botanical works.

His achievements in the field of botany were hardly noticed by his contemporaries, but later recognized and valued by Carl Ludwig Willdenow and Augustin Pyrame de Candolle .


The genus Heritiera Ait was named in his honor . the plant family of the Mallow family (Malvaceae).

Fonts (selection)

  • Stirpes novae aut minus cognitae, quas descriptionibus et iconibus illustravit… Paris (1785–1805).
  • Sertum anglicum . (1789-1792).
  • Geraniologia, seu Erodii, Pelargonii, Geranii, Monsoniæ et Grieli… Paris 1792 ( University of Strasbourg - pure table work).


  • Robert F. Erickson: Charles Louis L Héritier de Brutelle 1746-1800 . ( ).
  • Robert Zander : Concise dictionary of plant names . Ed .: Fritz Encke, Günther Buchheim, Siegmund Seybold. 13th edition. Ulmer Verlag, Stuttgart 1984, ISBN 3-8001-5042-5 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ List of members since 1666: Letter L. Académie des sciences, accessed on January 13, 2020 (French).
  2. Lotte Burkhardt: Directory of eponymous plant names . Extended Edition. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, Free University Berlin Berlin 2018. [1]

Web links