Ludwig Wilhelm Alexander von Hövel

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ludwig Wilhelm Alexander von Hövel zu Sölde and Ruhr (also: Ludwig Wilhelm Alexander von Hoevel) (born November 17, 1746 in the Ruhr house near Schwerte ; † April 29, 1829 in Rastatt ) was a Baden state minister.


Ludwig Wilhelm Alexander von Hövel was born as the youngest son of Freiherr Wilhelm von Hövel zur Ruhr und Sölde, Landstanddirektor of the Grafschaft Mark in the Lower Rhine-Westphalian Empire and his wife Maria Sophia Neheim .

He received his first instruction from Hofmeister in his parents' house and from 1755 attended the Jesuit school in Cologne (today: Dreikönigsgymnasium ). After completing the 4th grade, he came to the Elector Karl Theodor in the Electoral Palatinate Pagenanstalt in Mannheim . Later he decided to study law at the University of Heidelberg and, after graduating, practiced at the Imperial Court of Justice in Wetzlar and became chamberlain in Mannheim with Electress Elisabeth Auguste von Pfalz-Sulzbach , the wife of Elector Karl Theodor . There he was first appointed court judge and shortly thereafter to government councilor. After the death of Emperor Leopold II in 1792 he became an assessor at the Imperial Vicariate in Munich .

After the death of Karl Theodor in 1799, when Elector Maximilian I Joseph took office, he was appointed real court judge of the Mannheim court and at the same time appointed curator of Heidelberg University.

In 1803 the part of the Electoral Palatinate on the right bank of the Rhine was divided up as a result of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of 1803. The area, including the cities of Heidelberg , Mannheim , Schwetzingen and Weinheim , was predominantly added to Baden, which was also upgraded to an electorate . This led to the fact that Ludwig Wilhelm Alexander von Hövel was elevated to the position of Hofrat President of the government and the Chamber of the Lower Rhine by Elector Karl Friedrich .

In 1810 he was appointed Minister of Justice to Karlsruhe .

After the death of Minister Georg Ludwig von Edelsheim (1740-1814) he took over his position as Minister of Foreign Affairs for some time and headed the affairs of the Ministry of the Interior, while Grand Duke Karl Ludwig Friedrich was at the congress in Vienna in 1814/15 .

In 1819 he withdrew from his activities and moved to Rastatt . He owned a library with over 13,000 volumes, especially from the fields of theology, law and history. The unmarried Ludwig Wilhelm Alexander von Hövel donated 43,000 guilders from his wealth in Mannheim, which were mainly used for teaching poor citizens' sons and daughters. He bequeathed his 3,000 guilders donated in Rastatt to the poor there. During his lifetime, he handed over 1,000 volumes of selected theological works from his library to the library of the Archdiocese of Freiburg .

Awards and honors


  • State of Palatinate : Since his electoral highness graciously decreed on July 29th, 1st year, that the previous bans against the free sale of tree bark and hides should be completely lifted; so this Supreme Resolution is hereby made public for general observation. Mannheim, November 17th, 1797. Mannheim, 1797.


  • Gallery of memorable statesmen of the 18th and 19th centuries , Leipzig, 1840, p. 154 a. 155; (Digital scan)

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Entry on Ruhr bei Schwerte in the scientific database " EBIDAT " of the European Castle Institute, accessed on December 5, 2018.
  2. ^ New necrology of the Germans . Voigt, 1831 ( [accessed December 31, 2017]).
  3. ^ Gallery of Memorable Statesmen of the 18th and 19th e. eighteenth and nineteenth] centuries: those who have completed their earthly careers, pp. 154–155 . L. Schreck, 1840 ( [accessed April 10, 2018]).
  4. ^ Baden Laws, Statutes etc .: Law and Ordinance Gazette . 1829 ( [accessed April 10, 2018]).
  5. ^ Baden (Germany): Badisches Gesetz- und Verordnungsblatt, p. 373 . Malsch & Vogel, 1810 ( [accessed April 10, 2018]).
  6. MARCHIVUM: Mannheimer street names, Hövelstraße. Retrieved September 30, 2018 .