from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
type of school high school
School number 166698
founding 1450

Escher Strasse 245–247
50739 Cologne

place Cologne
country North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
Coordinates 50 ° 58 '1 "  N , 6 ° 55' 44"  E Coordinates: 50 ° 58 '1 "  N , 6 ° 55' 44"  E
carrier city ​​Cologne
management Barbara watched
Website www.dkg-koeln.de
Dreikönigsgymnasium (3) .jpg

The Dreikönigsgymnasium (DKG) with its 565-year history is one of the oldest schools in the Rhineland and the oldest school in Cologne . It is located in the Bilderstöckchen district .


Memorial plaque at the former Thürmchenswall site

From a 1450 by the theologian John of Kuyck on Eigelstein founded Burse , the Bursa cucaña , for the preparation of studies at the old University of Cologne emerged, the school was in 1551 by the city of Cologne accepted because it threatened the resolution. Mainly the jurists were accommodated in this Burse. The city made a new building available on Maximinenstrasse, on which it also affixed its coat of arms with the three crowns to mark their supervisory rights. According to this sign, the Burse, as was customary at the time, had its name and thus its address: The three-crowned Burse, bursa tricoronata . Today a street there is called An der Rechtschule (see also there for the story). The humanist Jakob Lichius from Cochem took over the management . After his conversion to Lutheranism , the school was personally transferred by the city and university to the only 24-year-old Johannes Reit (Rethius) , son of a Cologne mayor, who himself had been trained on the Tricoronatum. Rethius had joined the Society of Jesus while studying theology in Rome . From 1557 to 1773 the Jesuit order now headed the town school, which was relocated to Marzellen on the site of the closed St. Achatius hermitage. The new Jesuit church was built across the street.

High school "Tricoronatum" around 1702, in the foreground St. Mariae Himmelfahrt

Officially, the line was by the Jesuits until 1582. After dissolution of the order in 1773 remained high school exist, but was now called Marzellengymnasium, then in Prussian time Royal Catholic high school in Marzellen ( Marzellengymnasium ). During the Napoleonic era, the central school , which was founded after the university was dissolved, was also located in the buildings on Marzellenstrasse. The former assets of the Jesuits , their school and that of the dissolved university are administered by the Cologne grammar school and foundation fund , which still gives grants for the school today.

In Prussian times, the building was comprehensively repaired in 1828/31 by the city architect Johann-Peter Weyer and given a new facade. A fire from 18./19. March 1845 made another repair necessary. The impressive historic building was demolished in 1912. Even the school's vote to keep the former school building, which has now become too small, could not prevent this.

In 1911 the DKG was relocated to Thürmchenswall. Since that year it also bears the current name Dreikönigsgymnasium . In 1977 the grammar school moved into the then newly built building on Escher Strasse in the Bilderstöckchen district.

School profile

Building on the old tradition and the new humanist educational concept of Wilhelm von Humboldt , linguistic and especially ancient language education is the special concern of the grammar school. (German,) English, French, Spanish, Latin and Hebrew are taught.

Computer science is also worth mentioning . Projectors and visualizers are used in the natural sciences and course rooms . There are two well-equipped IT rooms.

Sport also plays an important role . The school has been successfully participating in the ASV Köln Sprintcup since 2002 and took first place in 2005. She also took part in the 2006/2007 handball world championship for schoolchildren and has been participating in the Cologne Marathon with several relays since 2003 . In addition, the school successfully takes part in the city swimming championships .

Furthermore, the tradition has been maintained for several years, American and British festivals such as B. Celebrate Thanksgiving or Guy Fawkes .

A poetry slam has been held annually since 2010. Pupils in the introductory phase present self-written slam texts.

Alumni Association

On July 3, 1929, on the occasion of a high school graduation ceremony, an alumni association was formed, called “ BURSA TRICORONATA e. V. “calls. The name "Tricoronata" comes from the fact that the Cologne city coat of arms with its three crowns gave the school its name in the 16th century: "Gymnasium Tricoronatum".

Friedrich Joseph Haass

Rectors (selection)

Known teachers

Known students

Stumbling stone in memory of the former student Günther Leo Pins
Stumbling stone in memory of the former student Hans Hermann Haimann

School's annual programs

  • Invitation to the public examination of the students of the Catholic High School in Cologne. Cologne 1831–1844 ( digitized version )
  • Annual report on the Royal Catholic High School in Cologne: Cologne 1845–1860 ( digitized version )
  • Annual report of the Royal Catholic High School at Marzellen zu Cöln. Cologne 1861–1864; 1866-1869; 1871-1873; 1904–1911 ( digitized version )
  • Report on the Royal Catholic High School at Marzellen in Cologne. Cologne 1876–1884 ( digitized version )
  • Report on the Royal Catholic High School at Marzellen in Cologne . Cologne 1884 ( digitized version )
  • Program of the Royal Catholic High School at Marzellen in Cologne. Cologne 1885–1903 ( digitized version )
  • Report on the school year .. . Cologne 1915 ( digitized version )


  • Heinrich Milz : History of the high school at Marzellen zu Cologne . Cologne 1886–1889 ( digitized version )
  • Heinrich Milz : Development of this institution in the first decade of the Prussian era . In: Program of the Royal Catholic High School at Marzellen in Cologne . School year 1901. Cologne 1901 ( digitized version )
  • Joseph Klinkenberg (ed.): The Marzellen high school in Cologne 1450-1911. Pictures from his story. Festschrift dedicated to the grammar school on the occasion of its relocation by the former students . Kölner Verlags-Anstalt, Cologne 1911 ( digitized version )
  • Therese Virnich: The beginnings of the Cologne Jesuit school . In: Annals of the historical association for the Lower Rhine in particular the old archdiocese of Cologne 96, 1914, pp. 1-24.
  • Josef Kuckoff: The history of the Gymnasium Tricoronatum: A cross-section through the history of youth education in Cologne from the 15th to the 18th century . Bachem, Cologne 1931 (= publications of the Rhenish Museum in Cologne 1)
  • Tricoronatum. Festschrift for the 400th anniversary of the Dreikönigsgymnasium Cologne in 1952 . Kölner Universitätsverlag, Cologne 1952
  • Lothar Schilling: The beginnings of the Cologne Jesuit studies . In: Geschichte in Köln 23, 1988, pp. 119–158.
  • Lore Brandau (Hrsg.): Festschrift for the 550th anniversary of the Dreikönigsgymnasium . City Dreikönigsgymnasium, Cologne 2000
  • The beginnings of the Society of Jesus and the first Jesuit college in Cologne. An exhibition of the Diocesan and Cathedral Library Cologne in cooperation with the German Province of the Jesuits for the Ignatian Year 2006 (October 5 to December 15, 2006) (= Libelli Rhenani 17). Archbishop's Diocesan and Cathedral Library , Cologne 2006, ISBN 3-939160-04-0

Web links

Commons : Dreikönigsgymnasium (Cologne)  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ The Bursa and the old university, by Laura Valentini, In: University of Cologne
  2. Jacobus Leichius, The old University of Cologne and the later scholarly schools of this city, according to archival and other reliable sources, by Franz Joseph von Bianco, 1st part, Cologne 1855 in the Google book search
  3. ^ Heinz Finger, Cathedral Library for the End of the Jesuit Order ( Memento of June 24, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 12 kB) Accessed June 19, 2008
  4. ^ Image in the linked Festschrift from 1911, p. 11
  5. Ludwig Arentz, H. Neu and Hans Vogts in: Paul Clemen (Hrsg.): Die Kunstdenkmäler der Stadt Köln , Volume II, Extension Volume, The former churches, monasteries, hospitals and school buildings of the City of Cologne . Verlag L. Schwann, Düsseldorf 1937. Reprint 1980. ( ISBN 3-590-32107-5 ), p. 391
  6. Weblink Festschrift 1911 from p. 269
  7. ^ Arnold Stelzmann, Robert Frohn: Illustrated history of the city of Cologne , 11th edition. Bachem, Cologne 1990, p. 196
  8. In the commemorative publication of 1911 some famous members of the school are described in detail.
  9. Death note for Auxiliary Bishop Hermann Josef Schmitz on www.rhein-erft-geschichte.de, seen on July 27, 2016
  10. The "Haus Bier" in Hülchrather Strasse. In: Website of the city of Cologne. City of Cologne, accessed on August 20, 2018 .