Adam Gottlob von Moltke

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Adam Gottlob von Moltke,
portrait by Carl Gustaf Pilo ,
portrait collection at Frederiksborg Palace
Bregentved (1861)

Adam Gottlob von Moltke (born November 10, 1710 in Walkendorf ; † September 25, 1792 at Bregentved near Haslev ) was Danish chief court marshal at the court in Copenhagen.


Adam Gottlob von Moltke came to Copenhagen from Mecklenburg in 1722 to become the page of Crown Prince Christian at the court of King Friedrich IV of Denmark . When he was named Christian VI in 1730 . ascended the throne, he became chamber page of the 7-year-old Crown Prince Friedrich . When Friedrich after the death of his father Christian VI. In 1746, when King Friedrich V ascended the Danish throne, Moltke was appointed court marshal by him and equipped with the crown estate Bregentved near Haslev with over 6000 hectares of forest and arable land, which still belongs to his descendants today. In 1750 von Moltke was raised to the Danish liege count.

Adam Gottlob von Moltke gained considerable prestige during the reign of Friedrich V. He was not only Oberhofmarschall, but also President of the Stockholm Bank , the Asian Company and the West India-Guinean Company in Copenhagen, Frederiks Hospital , the Agricultural Academy and the Royal Academy of Arts .

Adam Gottlob von Moltke was elected to the Leopoldina on August 6, 1761 with the academic surname Apollo Musagetes II . In 1784 he became an honorary member of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences .

Moltke was considered the “gray eminence” in the background of the reign of the alcoholic Friedrich V and loyally supported the policy of Foreign Minister Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff , even if he occasionally treated him “from above”. After the death of Frederick V, the psychologically unstable successor Christian VII released him shortly after taking office. Moltke retired to his estate in Bregentved.

He was a holder of the Dannebrog Order and the Elephant Order (1752). His published memoirs were recorded in German by him.

One of the four palaces of today's royal residence Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen was built in 1754 for Adam Gottlob as Palais Moltke . He also acquired Glorup Castle in Svindinge Sogn in 1762 and Rygård Castle in Langå Sogn in 1766 , both of which are still owned by Count Moltke-Huitfeldt. In Holstein he owned the Niendorf estate , which he acquired from Heinrich von Brömbsen in 1759 ; he sold it to Lübeck councilor Diedrich von Bartels as early as 1761 . He also only owned Marienlyst Castle for a short time in 1758-60 , an earlier royal property, which he probably repurchased on behalf of the king and then ceded to him. He owned an important collection of paintings.

Moltke was married twice, to Christiane Friederike von Brüggemann (1712–1760) and then to Sophie Hedwig von Raben (1732–1802), and had a total of 15 children from both marriages, including Friedrich Ludwig von Moltke and the Danish Minister of State Otto Joachim Moltke .


Individual evidence

  1. Member entry by Adam Gottlob Moltke at the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina , accessed on December 3, 2017.
  2. ^ Catalog of the painting collection  - Internet Archive