Court Marshal

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Karl Maria Anton Hartmann (1851–1927), court marshal to Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria , portrait by Louis Braun
Seal mark of the court marshal of the Prussian and German crown princes

The court marshal is the chief administrative officer of a princely court . He has all economic institutions under his supervision and heads the court marshal's office.

In older times, every civil service was regarded as a court service (see, among others, nobility , in Russian the nobility is called "Dworjanstwo", so courtiers), so even today high officials at the still existing princely courts often carry the titles of marshal, chancellor or minister , those in others Countries passed on to state officials or the military. The court marshals always belonged to the nobility and were often retired high soldiers, at least with the rank of major general .

The duties of a court marshal include organizing the receptions and audiences of the king and queen, their trips and state visits, and overseeing the royal household. He organized the entire housekeeping of the court, the maintenance of the castles, made arrangements for the princely table, the court kitchen and the cellar. In the case of larger court holdings, the head of the court marshal's office was headed by the court marshal or colonel marshal, who was usually supported by a court marshal and house marshal.

In Germany there was a court marshal of the former court of the Hohenzollern until 1945 : he was the highest official of the house ministry, which was based in the Dutch palace on Unter den Linden in Berlin and administered the assets of the former Prussian royal family.

In Sweden ("hovmarskalksämbete"), Denmark ("hofmarskal") and in Luxembourg ("maréchal de la cour") the court marshal's office still exists today.

Court marshals of the Brandenburg-Prussian monarchs

  • until 1835 Friedrich Burchard Freiherr von Maltzahn (1773–1837)
  • around 1836/39 Ludwig von Massow (1794-1859)
  • around 1841/46 Ludwig von Meyerinck (1789–1860)
  • around 1848 Iwan Gustav Alexander Graf von Keller (1801–1879)

See also


  • Carl Ernst von Malortie : The court marshal. Handbook for the establishment and management of a court , 1842, 2nd edition 1846, Hahnsche Hof-Buchhandlung , Hanover, ( digitized ), 3rd edition 1867
  • Sigurd von Ilsemann: The emperor in Holland. Notes from the last wing adjutant, Kaiser Wilhelm II. , Biederstein, Munich 1968
    • 1. - Amerongen and Doorn. 1918-1923
    • 2. - Monarchy and National Socialism. 1924-1941

Web links

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