Maximilian Ulrich von Kaunitz

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Maximilian Ulrich Graf von Kaunitz-Rietberg (born March 27, 1679 in Vienna , † September 10, 1746 in Brno ) was an Imperial Austrian diplomat and governor of Moravia from 1720 to 1746 .

Portrait of Maximilian Ulrich von Kaunitz (1698), painter Hyacinthe Rigaud

Family and loved ones

Taler of the County of Kaunitz-Rietberg with the portrait of Maximilian Ulrich von Kaunitz

Maximilian Ulrich came from the Moravian line of the Kaunitz family and was the younger brother of Count Franz Karl von Kaunitz (1676–1717), canon in Olomouc and bishop of Laibach. Her parents were the Vice Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire Dominik Andreas I. von Kaunitz , Freiherr von Sezima Austy and Maria Eleonora, died on December 2, 1706, daughter of Adolph Wratislaw Graf von Sternberg, Oberstburggraf zu Prague and Anna Lucia Slawate von Chlum and Koschumberg.

Maximilian Ulrich married Maria Ernestine Francisca von Rietberg , the heir to Count Ferdinand Maximilian von Ostfriesland and Rietberg and his wife Johanette Elisabeth Franziska, Countess von Manderscheid-Blankenheim , on August 6, 1699 . At the time of the marriage, Kaunitz was twenty and his wife only thirteen. This connection brought the County of Rietberg and claims to possessions in East Friesland to the von Kaunitz-Rietberg family. Through a name and coat of arms association, Maximilian and his wife became the founders of the house of the Counts Kaunitz-Rietberg. Five daughters and eleven sons were born in the marriage. Under these:

  1. Maria Antonie Josepha Countess of Kaunitz-Rietberg, born June 15, 1708, died on July 14, 1778 in Austerlitz; married in 1738 to Hans Adam Graf von Questenburg, imperial privy councilor, chamberlain and imperial court counselor; died on May 10, 1752 in Vienna.
  2. Wenzel Anton von Kaunitz-Rietberg , dated since 1764 as “Reichsfürst von Kaunitz, Count von Rittberg, heir to the Freyen rule Esens, Stettendorf and Wittmund, on Austerlitz; Moravian Brus; Hungarian bread; Groß-Orzechau; Mellrich, Wisec, Retztitz and Bragschitz ”, (* Vienna February 2, 1711, died June 27, 1794), House, Court and State Chancellor and Conference Minister. Wenzel Anton Kaunitz married Maria Ernestine Countess von Starhemberg on May 6, 1736, who died in Brno on September 6, 1749.
  3. Karl Joseph von Kaunitz-Rietberg , (born December 26, 1715, † March 31, 1737 in Rome), canon in various dioceses


Sankt Maria Immaculata in Kaunitz

The county of Rietberg was administered by guardians until the age of majority . After that, the Kaunitz-Rietberg couple would rule together. After long legal disputes with the King of Prussia as the legal successor to the county of East Friesland and Gundaker von Liechtenstein , who as the husband of Agnes von Rietberg laid claim to Rietberg, his wife's inheritance claim could be enforced. In the case of the County of Rietberg, the House of Liechtenstein was initially lent by the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel .

Like some of his ancestors, Maximilian Ulrich von Kaunitz-Rietberg entered the imperial service of the Habsburgs . Kaunitz was appointed treasurer, was appointed Reichshofrat in 1706 , and in 1716 was envoy to various German courts and to the Franconian , Upper Rhine , Lower Rhine-Westphalian and Upper Saxon imperial circles . He was appointed imperial privy councilor in 1720 and was ambassador to the papal court in Rome in 1721.

Since 1718, when he was recognized as an Imperial Count, he had a seat and vote in the Lower Rhine-Westphalian Imperial Count's College . Since Kaunitz lived with his family in Austria or Moravia, the County of Rietberg was administered by a general representative.

From 1720 until his death Count Kaunitz-Rietberg was governor in Moravia . Among other things, he tried to make the river March navigable. He was involved in the establishment of a corporate academy in Olomouc , in the construction of the Imperial Road between Brno and Olomouc, and in reforms of the tax system. The latter has led to an increase in the taxes of the subordinate population. He also expelled the gypsies and restricted the number of resident Jews in his manors .

As an imperial envoy, he took part in the conclave for the election of Pope Benedict XIII in 1724 . part.

In the county of Rietberg in 1743 he ordered the establishment of a new Roman Catholic parish with the name Kaunitz. Shortly before his death, the foundation stone for the parish church of St. Maria Immaculata was laid. Also in 1743, Maximilian Ulrich von Kaunitz-Rietberg founded a Latin school , which later became the Nepomucenum Rietberg high school . This was led by members of the Franciscan order . In 1746 he ordered the construction of a school building, which was only completed after his death.

For his services he was accepted into the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1744.


Web links

Commons : Maximilian Ulrich von Kaunitz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ GJ Rosenkranz: Contributions to the history of the state of Rietberg and its counts . In: Journal for patriotic history and antiquity . NF. Vol. 3, Münster 1852 S. 130th .