Caroline of Hessen-Darmstadt (1746–1821)

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Karoline von Hessen-Darmstadt (* March 2, 1746 in Buchsweiler , † September 18, 1821 in Homburg before the height ) was by marriage Landgravine of Hessen-Homburg .

Karoline von Hessen-Darmstadt, Landgraveess of Hessen-Homburg


Karoline was the oldest daughter of Landgrave Ludwig IX. von Hessen-Darmstadt (1719–1790) and his wife Henriette Karoline (1721–1774), daughter of the Count Palatine and Duke Christian III. from Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld .

On September 27, 1768 she married Landgrave Friedrich V von Hessen-Homburg (1748-1820). The marriage was concluded for purely dynastic, diplomatic reasons. Caroline's grandfather, Ludwig VIII , had ruled the regency of Hesse-Homburg for Friedrich V together with his mother. The wedding sealed a settlement in which Hessen-Darmstadt had waived sovereign rights over Hessen-Homburg.

Although numerous children were born in the marriage, the spouses remained strangers throughout their lives. The Landgravine had the small island house built in the fir forest in Homburg , which has since been rebuilt and is shown in a painting by the Homburg painter Wilhelm Thiery .


From their marriage, Karoline had the following children:

⚭ 1818 Princess Elisabeth of Great Britain (1770–1840)
⚭ 1804 Princess Auguste von Nassau-Usingen (1778–1846), divorced in 1805
⚭ 1791 Prince Ludwig Friedrich II of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1767–1807)
⚭ 1793 Prince Carl Günther von Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1771–1825)
⚭ 1792 Hereditary Prince Friedrich of Anhalt-Dessau (1769–1814)
⚭ 1818 Hereditary Grand Duke Friedrich Ludwig of Mecklenburg (1778–1819)
  • Viktor (1778-1780)
  • Philipp (1779-1846)
⚭ 1838 ( morning ) Antonie Potoschnigg (1806–1845), “Countess of Naumburg” 1838
⚭ 1818 Princess Luise of Anhalt-Dessau (1798–1858)
⚭ 1804 Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Karl of Prussia (1783-1851)


Ernst Ludwig Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (1667–1739)
Ludwig VIII Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (1691–1768)
Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1661–1705)
Louis IX Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (1719–1790)
Johann Reinhard III. von Hanau (1665–1736)
Charlotte von Hanau-Lichtenberg (1700–1726)
Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1676–1731)
Caroline of Hessen-Darmstadt
Christian II of Pfalz-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (1637–1717)
Christian III of Pfalz-Zweibrücken (1674–1735)
Katharina Agathe von Rappoltstein (1648–1683)
Caroline of Pfalz-Zweibrücken (1721–1774)
Ludwig Kraft of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1663–1713)
Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1704–1774)
Philippine Henriette zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1679–1751)


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