Maria Anna Amalie of Hessen-Homburg
Princess Marianne of Prussia , also Princess Wilhelm , actually Marie Anne Amalie , born. Princess of Hessen-Homburg (born October 13, 1785 in Bad Homburg vor der Höhe , † April 14, 1846 in Berlin ) was the sister-in-law of the royal couple Friedrich Wilhelm III. and Luise a close member of the Prussian royal family.
Princess Marianne of Prussia was born in 1785 as Marie Anne Amalie Landgravine of Hessen-Homburg. She was the twelfth child (and the sixth daughter) of Landgrave Friedrich V and his wife Karoline von Hessen-Darmstadt , a daughter of Landgrave Ludwig IX. von Hessen-Darmstadt and Henriette Karoline von Pfalz-Zweibrücken , the great landgravine .
In 1804 she married Prince Wilhelm of Prussia , the youngest brother of King Friedrich Wilhelm III.
The marriage resulted in the children Amalie (1805–1806) and Irene (November 3–5, 1806), who both died on the flight of the royal family to East Prussia , the twins Adalbert (1811–1873) and Thassilo (1811–1813), Waldemar (1817–1849), Elisabeth (1815–1885), since 1836 the wife of Prince Karl von Hessen-Darmstadt , mother of Grand Duke Ludwig IV , and Marie (1825–1889) later wife of King Maximilian II of Bavaria .
After Queen Luise's death, Princess Marianne took over the role of "First Lady" at the Prussian court. She became a surrogate mother for Luise's children, including the future King Friedrich Wilhelm IV and Kaiser Wilhelm I. On the eve of the Wars of Liberation , Marianne belonged to the "war party" against Napoleon . In March 1813 she issued the famous “Call of the royal princesses to women in the Prussian state” and founded the “Patriotic Women's Association”. This made her known far beyond Berlin. Political reformers such as Freiherr vom Stein , von Hardenberg and the Humboldt brothers were among their correspondents. She was friends with the poet Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué . Her social commitment was known. From 1814 to 1846 she headed the chapter of the Order of Louis and also looked after Berlin prison inmates.
Princess Marianne spent the summers of the years 1816–1822 with the children of the royal family, whom they called "Minnetrost", at Schönhausen Palace near Berlin.
In 1822 she fell in love with Count Anton zu Stolberg-Wernigerode , who was the same age and a friend of her husband, as her diary, which was published in 2006, shows.
In 1845 Marianne visited her native Bad Homburg for the last time. She died on April 14, 1846 of a "rheumatic-nervous" fever in Berlin, a good six months after the birth of her grandson, who later became King Ludwig II of Bavaria .
- Horst Häker (Ed.): Diary of Princess Marianne of Prussia . (= Heilbronn Kleist editions; 1). Kleist Archive Sembdner , Heilbronn 2006, ISBN 3-931060-97-7
- Stefan Hartmann: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 16, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1990, ISBN 3-428-00197-4 , p. 210 f. ( ). In:
- Hermann von Petersdorff : Marianne, Princess of Prussia, born Princess of Hessen-Homburg . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 52, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1906, pp. 202-210.
- Karl Schwartz: Landgrave Friedrich V of Hessen-Homburg and his family. From archival documents and family papers . Rudolstadt 1878
- Fanny Arndt: The German women in the Wars of Liberation. Verl. Der Buchhandlung des Waisenhauses, Halle 1867, pp. 74–130 ( digitized , Bayerische Staatsbibliothek , in the scan pp. 84–140)
- Horst Häker presents Princess Marianne's diary (MP3; 3.2 MB)
- Information on the picture ( memento of April 8, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) from the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation
- Louis Schneider: The Louisen Order . Hayn's Erben, Berlin 1867, p. 6, p. 27.
- Erich Schonert: Schönhausen Palace and its history . Limpert, Berlin n.d. , p. 14
|SURNAME||Maria Anna Amalie of Hessen-Homburg|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Maria Anna Amalie, Countess of Hesse-Homburg; Princess Marianne of Prussia|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German noblewoman, wife of Friedrich Wilhelm Karl of Prussia|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 13, 1785|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Bad Homburg vor der Höhe|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 14, 1846|
|Place of death||Berlin|