Mariannenplatz (Berlin)

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Coat of arms of Berlin.svg
Place in Berlin
The Künstlerhaus Bethanien on Mariannenplatz
Basic data
place Berlin
District Kreuzberg
Created 19th century
Newly designed 20th century
Confluent streets
Mariannenplatz (eastern and western limits) ,
Buildings Künstlerhaus Bethanien
User groups Road traffic , pedestrians
Technical specifications
Square area 30,000 m²

The Mariannenplatz located in the district Kreuzberg of Berlin district of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg , near the former wall . It runs on Mariannenstrasse between Waldemarstrasse and Wrangelstrasse and is a relatively large square with a park-like character and a spacious lawn for sunbathing. At its northern end is the St. Thomas Church . The square is named after Princess Marianne of Prussia (actually: Maria Anna Amalie von Hessen-Homburg , 1785–1846).


The town square was laid out on the Köpenicker Feld between 1841 and 1846 and was given its current name on March 24, 1849. In the year after it was named, the Berlin address book shows the Bethanienhaus , a deaconess house built at the same time, and no other buildings. The description of the location was "between Mariannenufer and Waldemarstrasse to the normal hospital" .

In 1853, the Berlin administration had the area prepared as a decorative space according to plans by Peter Joseph Lenné . Over the years, and above all as a result of the Second World War , the character of the well-tended green area was lost. It was not until 1979/1980 that the square was largely restored to its original appearance.

In the 1990s after the political change , the German playwright Heiner Müller lived in the direct vicinity of Mariannenplatz on Muskauer Strasse until his death in 1995.

Development, sculptures and events

The former Bethanien Hospital , now known as the Künstlerhaus Bethanien , and the district's cultural office are located on Mariannenplatz .

The former occupied Georg-von-Rauch-Haus (colloquially "Rauch-Haus") is located here, named after Georg von Rauch , a member of the Central Council of the roving hash rebels , who was shot by a police officer. The left-wing German rock musician Rio Reiser lived here for a while, and his band Ton Steine ​​Scherben immortalized Mariannenplatz in the squatters' anthem Rauch-Haus-Song from the album Kein Macht für nobody (1972). In 2017, the parliamentary group Die Linke submitted a motion to the District Assembly (BVV) Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg to rename part of Mariannenplatz to “Rio-Reiser-Platz”.

War memorial
Family festival on Mariannenplatz, May 1st, 2001

The fire brigade fountain with a group of sculptures by Kurt Mühlenhaupt and a war memorial are located on the square .

The BVV of the then Kreuzberg district did a lot for the memory of the victims of the Nazi regime and for international understanding. An example of this is the “educational approach to a war memorial”.

On the northeast corner of Marianne square, at the side entrance of Nuertingen -Grundschule, one is sandstone -Quader with inlaid bronze plaques commemorating the the First World War fallen student of the Leibniz-Gymnasium (not the same as today's Leibniz-Gymnasium ), whose building today to Nürtingen Elementary school belong.

Leibnitz Gymnasium
spelling with "... tz"

Here is a first Berlin example of a critical examination of a war memorial through supplementary design. A bronze plate placed in front of it rejects the pathos of the old inscription:

“With the Latin saying embedded in this memorial - 'It is sweet and honorable to die for the fatherland' - young German men were prepared in the past for the so-called heroic death. In contrast, the district assembly of Kreuzberg demands in the UN year of peace 1986 'Never again war!' "

In the northwest of the square there has been a memorial stele by Nikolaus Langhans since June 29, 1990 , which commemorates the resistance fighter Wilhelm Lehmann ("01/13/1869 - 05/10/1943 Plötzensee") who was murdered by the National Socialists.

Memorial stele for Wilhelm Lehmann (1869–1943)

Family and street festivals as well as other cultural events take place more often on Mariannenplatz with its round open-air stage, for example Myfest , which has been taking place on May 1st every year since 2003 . Otherwise, the square is a popular local recreational meeting point for people of all ages and nationalities. On June 21, 2002 the band Die Ärzte gave their 20th anniversary concert on the square in front of 35,000 spectators, and from July 2 to 8, 2006 the street soccer world championship took place here.

See also

Web links

Commons : Mariannenplatz (Berlin-Kreuzberg)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Mariannen-Platz . In: General housing gazette for Berlin, Charlottenburg and its surroundings , 1850, part 2, p. 100.
  2. Printed matter - DS / 0436 / V - Honor Rio Reiser appropriately! Part of the Mariannenplatz is renamed "Rio-Reiser-Platz". Retrieved March 29, 2019 .
  3. Ulrike Puvogel: Memorials for the Victims of National Socialism . Bonn, 1999, p. 80

Coordinates: 52 ° 30 ′ 13 ″  N , 13 ° 25 ′ 31 ″  E