Heiner Muller

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Heiner Müller speaks at the Alexanderplatz demonstration on November 4, 1989

Reimund Heiner Müller (born January 9, 1929 in Eppendorf , Amtshauptmannschaft Flöha , Saxony ; † December 30, 1995 in Berlin ), pseudonym Max Messer , is one of the most important German-speaking playwrights of the second half of the 20th century and one of the most important writers of the GDR . He also gained importance as a poet , prose writer and essayist , interview partner and director , dramaturge , director and president of the Academy of the Arts Berlin (East).


Müller was born on January 9, 1929 in Eppendorf in Saxony. His parents were Kurt Müller, who was temporarily arrested as a social democrat in 1933, and Ella Müller (née Ruhland). In 1935 he started school in Bräunsdorf . From 1939 to 1947 he lived with his parents in Waren (Müritz) . He went to middle school in Waren. As a result of good grades, he got a vacancy in high school. According to his own statement, Heiner Müller was in the Hitler Youth from 1940. Shortly before the end of the war, he was drafted into the Reich Labor Service and the Volkssturm .

Bust at the Martin-Luther-Gymnasium Frankenberg / Sa. (House II)

After the end of the war, Müller took his Abitur in Frankenberg , Saxony, where his father was mayor from 1947, and worked in a library and at the district office. In 1946 he joined the SPD , which shortly afterwards was forcibly merged with the KPD to form the SED due to Soviet pressure , but was soon excluded again due to a lack of commitment and unpaid membership fees. Müller's father became a SED member and functionary after 1946, but left the GDR in protest in 1951 with his wife and their second son, Heiner Müller's brother Wolfgang , who was twelve years younger than him .

From 1950 onwards, Heiner Müller wrote literary reviews for Sunday and the cultural-political monthly Aufbau . In 1951 he married Rosemarie Fritzsche. In 1953 the marriage ended in divorce. The two married again in the same year. In 1954 they were divorced for the second time. The daughter Regine comes from the marriage. From 1953 Müller wrote for the new German literature . In 1954 he became a member of the German Writers' Association (DSV). In 1955 he married the writer Ingeborg (called Inge) Schwenkner , b. Meyer.

Memorial plaque on the house, Kissingenplatz 12, in Berlin-Pankow

From 1957 Müller held the position of a research assistant in the drama department in the DSV. During this time the first performance of his play Ten Days That Shook the World took place . In 1957/58 he worked as an editor for the FDJ magazine Junge Kunst , in 1958 he became an employee at the Maxim-Gorki-Theater in Berlin and a freelance author. In the same year the first performances of the pieces The Correction and The Wage Pusher followed .

The play Die Umsiedlerin was discontinued after the premiere in 1961 and Müller was excluded from the writers' association, which amounted to a professional ban. The director BK Tragelehn , with whom he had a longstanding friendship and intensive artistic collaboration, had to go into production to prove himself . During this time, Müller received support from Peter Hacks , Hanns Eisler and Hans Mayer . Inge Müller died of suicide in 1966.

Work for radio, DEFA and television followed, mostly under a pseudonym. In 1965, Müller was again criticized by the SED. The party canceled the performance of Der Bau . Müller wrote the plays Philoctetes (world premiere in Munich 1968) and translated Sophocles' Oedipus Tyrann for Benno Besson (world premiere at the Deutsches Theater Berlin in 1967). He owed the performance of his pieces above all to Benno Besson, the director of the Berliner Volksbühne in the 1960s, the directors Matthias Langhoff and Manfred Karge, and Ruth Berghaus , the director of the Berliner Ensemble (BE).

He married his third wife, the Bulgarian director Ginka Tscholakowa, in 1970. In the same year he became a full-time dramaturge at the BE, which amounted to the belated fulfillment of his lifelong dream. Müller's rehabilitation in the GDR can be traced back to the rigorous commitment of the director Berghaus to premiered his piece of cement against great resistance in the SED at the Berliner Ensemble. After completing his position as a dramaturge at the BE in 1977, he was immediately employed as a permanent author / dramaturge at the Volksbühne (until 1982).

Memorial plaque on the block of flats in Berlin-Friedrichsfelde

The play Mauser , which is banned in the GDR, premiered in the USA in 1975 and in Cologne in 1980. Germania Tod in Berlin was premiered in 1978 at the Münchner Kammerspiele , Die Hamletmaschine in Paris (St. Denis) in 1979. In 1980 the marriage with Ginka Tscholakowa was divorced.

In 1982 the order was staged in Bochum. In 1984 Müller became a member of the GDR Academy of Arts . In the 1980s, Müller was in a relationship with the actress Margarita Broich . From the mid-1980s he worked on several projects with Robert Wilson , whom he had met in 1977. Both had a lasting influence on the work of the other. In 1988 Müller was reassigned to the GDR writers' association.

Since the late 1980s, Müller has also made a name for himself as a director. In his eight-hour production of Hamlet at the Deutsches Theater in Berlin in 1990, he integrated the Hamlet machine into the performance as Hamlet / Machine with Ulrich Mühe in the lead role. In the same year he designed a three-dimensional environment within the urban identity campaign Marking the City Boundaries (master plan: Daniel Libeskind ) in Groningen , which he dedicated to his friend Luigi Nono . In 1990 the city of Frankfurt am Main organized the 6th Festival Experimenta in honor of Heiner Müller with numerous guest productions of his pieces from Germany and abroad.

In 1990 Müller met the photographer Brigitte Maria Mayer . In 1992 the couple married. The daughter Anna is Heiner Müller's fourth child.

In 1992 Müller took over the management of the Berliner Ensemble together with Peter Zadek , Matthias Langhoff , Peter Palitzsch and Fritz Marquardt . In 1993 he directed the opera Tristan und Isolde in Bayreuth . His last production, Brecht's Arturo Ui , which premiered in June 1995 with Martin Wuttke in the leading role at the Theater am Schiffbauerdamm (Berliner Ensemble), is still running there today (over 400 performances). As the last president of the Akademie der Künste Berlin (East) (1990–1993), Müller endeavored to give it a European face.

On December 30, 1995, Heiner Müller died in Berlin from an esophageal cancer disease.

Memorial sites

Grave of Heiner Müller in the Dorotheenstadt cemetery in Berlin

Heiner Müller's grave is in the Dorotheenstädtischer Friedhof in Berlin-Mitte.

On his 75th birthday in 2004, Howoge Housing Association unveiled a memorial plaque on his apartment block in Berlin-Friedrichsfelde .

In July 2013, a memorial plaque was also placed on the house where Müller had lived with his parents in Waren.

There is a bust of Heiner Müller at House II of the Martin-Luther-Gymnasium Frankenberg.

Awards and memberships


The reception Heiner Müller is characterized by (political) boundaries and through breaks in. Due to the publication and performance bans in the GDR, many of Müller's texts were first received in the Federal Republic. His view of things was undesirable in his own country; on average, his pieces did not appear on the stages of the GDR until fifteen years after their creation. While the eleven-volume edition (Rotbuchverlag, 1974–1989), which corresponds to the most precise understanding of Müller's text, was produced in the Federal Republic of Germany to this day, many texts remained closed to a broader public in the GDR until they collapsed. Due to the affair surrounding Müller / Tragelehn's resettler in 1961, when the Wall was built, Heiner Müller was systematically excluded from literary life in the GDR. With his expulsion from the GDR Writers' Association, Müller was stigmatized and the state censorship authorities from then on suspected.

It was not until the mid-seventies that selected pieces by Müller appeared with great delay: In 1975, a volume of pieces appeared in Berlin containing Der Lohndrücker , Die Bauern , Der Bau , Herakles 5 , Philoktet , Der Horatier , Weiberkomödie , Macbeth and Zement ; Two years later followed in another volume Die Schlacht , Traktor und Leben Gundling Friedrich von Preußen Lessing's sleep dream scream . The late rehabilitation - the award of the GDR National Prize First Class by Erich Honecker in 1986 - Müller himself saw as a sign of the approaching demise of the state in which it was so important to live, because the condition for his letter was: "The GDR is important to me because all dividing lines in the world go through this land. That is the real state of the world, and it becomes very concrete in the Berlin Wall. ”A compilation with plays that for the first time also included those dramas that had established Müller's international fame was only published in the GDR in 1988 (published by the theater scholar Joachim Fiebach ).

In 1989, the year the Berlin Wall came down, Frank Hörnigk published a collection of texts by Heiner Müller ( Heiner Müller Material ) that were created alongside his dramatic oeuvre and yet were in no way inferior to his pieces in terms of their poetic explosive power. The prose texts, essays, letters, poems and speeches gathered in this heterogeneous volume of material show the variety of designs of Müller’s writing and at the same time reflect his tendency to shatter traditional generic norms while maintaining absolute accuracy in the formulation. In the twelve-volume work edition published by Frank Hörnigk at Suhrkamp, ​​many new texts, published in remote locations or found in the estate, have been published in addition to the already known ones. At the same time, however, Müller's work has now been separated again according to the categories of "poems", "pieces", "prose", "writings" etc. which he has shelved, which is why this edition falls far behind the edition published by Rotbuch in terms of originality. Works and selected editions have also appeared in fourteen European countries as well as in Israel , Japan , Brazil , the USA and elsewhere.

Today, outside of Germany, Müller's pieces are still noticed particularly intensely in France , where a volume with Müller's manuscripts was published for the first time - a selection of sheets on the Hamlet machine edited by Jean Jourdheuil . A first critical edition of his texts was published by Suhrkamp from 1998–2008; however, all stage rights belong to the henschel Theaterverlag Berlin, whose establishment, following the example of the Frankfurt publishing house of the authors, in January 1990, Müller actively participated. The fact that Müller remained loyal to this publisher despite lucrative offers from other sources was due not least to his old ties with the former head of stage sales at the East Berlin publishing house , Wolfgang Schuch. The secondary literature on Heiner Müller is extensive and has been growing steadily since Genia Schulz's first German-language overview in 1980.


Rehearsal for Oedipus, Tyrant , 1967
  • 1951: The sheet
  • 1956/57: The wage pusher
  • 1957: Correction I.
  • 1958: The correction II
  • 1957/58: Klettwitzer report 1958 - an audio series
  • 1958: God of luck
  • 1961: Die Umsiedlerin or Das Leben auf dem Lande (published in a revised version in 1964 under the title Die Bauern )
  • 1958/1964: Philoctetes
  • 1963/64: The building (see trace of the stones # The building by Heiner Müller )
  • 1966/67: Sophocles / Oedipus, tyrant
  • 1968: The Horatier
  • 1970: Mauser
  • 1970: Women's Comedy (Premiere: December 18, 1970, Kammerspiele Magdeburg )
  • 1971: Macbeth
  • 1956/71: Germania death in Berlin
  • 1972: cement
  • 1951/74: The battle
  • 1955/61/74: tractor
  • 1976: Life of Gundling Friedrich von Preußen Lessing's sleep dream scream. A horror tale
  • 1977: The Hamlet machine
  • 1978: Bertolt Brecht / The downfall of the egoist Johann Fatzer
  • 1979: The order
  • 1980/81: quartet
  • 1982: Depraved banks of the Medea material, landscape with argonauts
  • 1984: Wolokolamsker Chaussee I: Russian opening
  • 1984: Anatomy Titus Fall of Rome A commentary on Shakespeare
  • 1984: picture description
  • 1985/86: Wolokolamsker Chaussee II: Forest near Moscow
  • 1985/86: Wolokolamsker Chaussee III: The duel
  • Wolokolamsker Chaussee IV: Centaurs
  • Wolokolamsker Chaussee V: The boulder
  • 1995: Germania 3 ghosts on the dead man

Radio plays

  • Dawn dissolves the monsters , submission. z. Radio play competition d. Berliner Rundfunk (late 1940s / early 1950s), honorable mention, manuscript lost
  • Der Lohndrücker , piece text written as a documentary radio play (early 1950s), manuscript lost
  • The correction - a report on the establishment of the Schwarze Pump Combine 1957 - 1st version, (together with Inge Müller), dramaturgy: Christa Vetter , director: Wolfgang Schonendorf ; should be originally broadcast on March 26, 1958 on Radio DDR, but was canceled at that time, original broadcast: January 4, 1997, MDR Kultur
  • Die Brücke , documentary radio play, (together with Inge Müller), composition: Rolf Kuhl, director: Wolfgang Schonendorf, first broadcast: October 13, 1958.
  • The correction - a report on the development of the Schwarze Pump Combine 1957 - 2nd version, (together with Inge Müller), dramaturgy: Christa Vetter , director: Wolfgang Schonendorf, original broadcast: November 13, 1958
  • Death is no business , detective radio play under the pseudonym Max Messer, dramaturgy: Gerhard Rentzsch , director: Hans Knötzsch , original broadcast: November 1st, 1962, see. CD, ISBN 978-3-937815-62-6 .
  • Aljoscha's heart , children's radio play based on Michail Scholochow, dramaturgy: Alfred Schrader, music: Siegfried Matthus , director: Fritz Göhler , first broadcast: December 10, 1962
  • Winterschlacht '63 , radio poem about the rescue of the Elbe power plant , only available as a honored manuscript, production and broadcast cannot be verified
  • The camel eye fountain , children's radio play, dramaturgy: Alfred Schrader, music: Siegfried Matthus , director: Fritz Göhler , first broadcast: December 18, 1963
  • Sierra an Merdian , utopian children's radio play (together with Carlos Rasch ), director: Werner Grunow , first broadcast: December 3, 1964
  • Oedipus Tyrann - Director: Benno Besson , 1967
  • Prometheus , German translation based on Aeschylus, dramaturgy Siegfried Pfaff , director: Walter Niklaus , first broadcast: February 1, 1970
  • Downfall of the egoist Fatzer by Bertolt Brecht , version and direction: Heiner Müller, music: Einstürzende Neubauten , original broadcast: February 11, 1988
  • Ajax for example , directed by Wolfgang Rindfleisch (DLF / MDR) 1996


  • around 1950: [Green on meadows ...]
  • around 1950: the father
  • around 1950: the hapless angel
  • 1963: New Years Letter 1963
  • around 1963: childhood
  • 1968: Song from the CIA
  • 1970: Song of Lenin
  • 1977: For Ekkehard Schall
  • 1986: Phönix (for Udo Lindenberg )
  • around 1989: television
  • around 1990: Empty time (estate)
  • 1992: Self-Criticism 2 Broken Key
  • 1992: Heracles 13
  • 1992: Poems 1949–1989 Alexander Verlag Berlin , 1992
  • 1993: Mommsen's block
  • 1993: Seneca's death
  • 1993: Soap in Bayreuth
  • 1994: Ajax for example
  • 1995: vampire


  • 1951: report from grandfather
  • 1951: The bankruptcy of the great coffin seller
  • 1958: the father
  • 1950s: [I just had Dostoevsky's ...] (estate)
  • 1972: Heracles 2 or the Hydra
  • 1975/76: obituary notice
  • after 1992: [In the autumn of 197 .. died ...] (estate)
  • 1995: Dream text October 1995

Writings, speeches, essays

  • 1951: The people are on the move
  • 1954: Not for railroad workers. Critical comments on a Heimatbuch
  • 1961: Heiner Müller's self-criticism
  • 1961: Address to an academy
  • 1979: Fatzer ± Keuner
  • 1985: The Woyzeck wound
  • 1987: New York or The Iron Face of Freedom
  • 1988: Shakespeare A Difference
  • 1989: November 4, 1989 Alexanderplatz Berlin / GDR
  • 1990: Germany placeless. Note on Kleist
  • 1993: The love life of hyenas . Foreword in: Thomas Grimm : What remained of the dreams. A balance sheet of the socialist utopia. Siedler Verlag , Berlin 1993, ISBN 3-88680-482-8 .

Film / television

  • 1967: Philoktet (director: Ludwig Cremer ), WDR
  • 1968: As You Like It (Translation - Director: Hans Lietzau ), BR
  • 1971: The doctor against his will (translation - director: Benno Besson ), DFF
  • 1974: Macbeth (translation - director: Hansgünther Heyme ), WDR
  • 1976: The Battle - Scenes from Germany (Direction: Harun Farocki , Hanns Zischler ), SFB
  • 1989: The Terror I am writing about comes from Germany Documentation, directed by Susanne Müller-Hanpft, Martin Bosboom. See Focus film Frankfurt
  • 1990: Time is out of joint Documentation, Germany, 100 min., Director: Christoph Rüter. Synopsis at Christoph Rüter Filmproduktion
  • 1991: The finiteness of freedom (documentary, director: Heinz Peter Schwerfel ), Senate West Berlin / DEFA
  • 1992: Mauser (TV film), Portugal
  • 1994: La mort de Molière (co-author - director: Robert Wilson ), France
  • 1995: Quartet (directors: Ariel García Valdés, Roger Justafré), Spain
  • 1998: Mão Morta Müller no Hotel Hessischer Hof (video documentation, poems) - Director: Nuno Tudela, Portugal
  • 2001: German résumés: comes time, comes death - the poet Heiner Müller. Documentary, 60 min., Script and direction: Gabriele Conrad and Gabriele Denecke, production: rbb ( SFB , ORB ), SWR
  • 2003: Poem - I put my foot in the air and she carried , in it Heiner Müller's poem: "I can't put the world at your feet ..."
  • 2004: The Order (Director: Andreas Morell , Ulrich Mühe ), Novapool / 3sat
  • 2004: Anatomy Titus Fall of Rome - A Shakespeare Commentary. Theater staging of the Münchner Kammerspiele from the Haus der Berliner Festspiele , staging: Johan Simons, production: ZDFtheaterkanal , 3sat , 105 min., Summary by 3sat
  • 2009: I don't want to know who I am - Heiner Müller. Documentation, 60 min., Book: Thomas Irmer, director: Christoph Rüter, production: ZDFtheaterkanal, 3sat, first broadcast: January 10, 2009, summary by Christoph Rüter Filmproduktion
  • 2009: Müller's neighbors . Documentary video, Germany, 45 min., Director: Anja Quickert, camera: Jens Crull, Andreas Deinert, production: Volksbühne am Rosa-Luxemburg-Platz , note:

Visual arts

  • The finiteness of freedom. An exhibition project in East and West , AK ed. v. Wulf Herzogenrath, Joachim Sartorius and Christian Tannert, Edition Hentrich, Berlin 1990, ISBN 3-926175-86-9 . (Curators: Heiner Müller, Rebecca Horn and Jannis Kounellis).
  • Heiner Müller picture description. End of performance , ed. v. Ulrike Haß, Theater der Zeit, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-934344-60-7 .
  • Mark Rabe: Defeated by experience of pain. Heiner Müller's memorial for Luigi Nono in Groningen. The Blue Owl, Essen 2012, ISBN 978-3-89924-354-3 .
  • International conference: Heiner Müller's Poetics of Imagery. Intermedial dispositive between drama, image and music. House of the History of the Ruhr Area Bochum, Nov. 2012.


  • War without battle . Life in two dictatorships. An autobiography . Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 1992, ISBN 3-462-02172-9 .
  • War without battle. Life in two dictatorships. An autobiography . Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 1994, ISBN 3-462-02320-9 . (expanded to include a dossier with Stasi documents and texts on Stasi allegations against Heiner Müller)

Interviews / discussions

Work edition

  • Heiner Müller poems 1949-89 . The poet himself took care of the compilation and editing of this first book edition of his poems in 1992. Alexander Verlag, Berlin.
  • Theater is controlled madness. A reader . Collected statements by Heiner Müller on the theater published and with a foreword by Detlev Schneider. Alexander Verlag, Berlin, 2015.

Since 1998 Frank Hörnigk has published the works of Heiner Müller, taking into account the holdings of the Foundation Archive of the Academy of the Arts Berlin (Heiner Müller's estate) at Suhrkamp.

Illustrated books

Sound carrier

  • Heiner Müller reads Wolokolamsker Chaussee IV (vinyl LP), LITERA 8 65 441, Berlin 1989.
  • Heiner Müller reads Heiner Müller (CD), Alexander Verlag, Berlin 2004.
  • Heiner Müller - Die Hamletmaschine, music: Einstürzende Neubauten (CD), EGO Berlin and FREIBANK Hamburg, text rights: Henschel-Schauspieltheaterverlag Berlin, EGO series No. 111, Rough Trade Records Herne 1991.
  • Heiner Müller - Die Hamletmaschine, music: Wolfgang Rihm (CD), Wergo, choir and orchestra of the Nationaltheater Mannheim
  • ANATOMY TITUS. Audio CD. EICHBORN. Speaker: Mathias Max Herrmann. Music: Peter Böving. Production: shower records 2003, ISBN 3-8218-5177-5 .
  • Death is no business (CD), radio play by Max Messer the Elder. i. Heiner Müller, director: Hans Knötzsch , first broadcast: November 1, 1962, Berliner Rundfunk, Hoerwerk Leipzig 2004, ISBN 3-937815-62-7 .
  • “Ajax for example” (CD in cigar box), Egobar with Blixa Bargeld , Sibylle Berg , Gregor Gysi , Günter “Baby” Sommer, Joachim Witt , Egobar Recordings 2007.
  • in: Poetry of the 20th Century: My 24 Saxon Poets. Edited by Gerhard Pötzsch , (2 CDs), Militzke Verlag, Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-86189-935-8 .
  • MÜLLER MP3. Sound documents 1972–1995 . 36 hours of mostly unpublished sound recordings (4 CDs in MP3 format with a detailed accompanying book). Alexander Verlag, Berlin / Cologne 2011, ISBN 978-3-89581-129-6 .


  • Gerda Baumbach: Dramatic poetry for theater. Heiner Müller's "Bau" as a theater text. Phil. Diss. Leipzig 1978, DNB 801176298 .
  • Norbert Otto Eke: Heiner Müller . Reclam, Stuttgart 1999, ISBN 3-15-017615-8 .
  • Joachim Fiebach : Islands of Disorder. Five attempts at Heiner Müller's theater texts. Henschel Verlag, Berlin 1990, ISBN 3-362-00438-5 .
  • Gottfried Fischborn : piece writing. Claus Hammel, Heiner Müller, Armin Stolper. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin (GDR) 1981, DNB 810655187 , pp. 43–126.
  • Gottfried Fischborn: Peter Hacks and Heiner Müller. Essay. Verlag André Thiele, Mainz 2012, ISBN 978-3-940884-72-5 .
  • Theo Girshausen: The Hamlet machine. Heiner Müller's endgame. Prometh Verlag, Cologne 1978, ISBN 3-922009-4 .
  • Theo Girshausen: Realism and Utopia. Heiner Müller's early pieces. Prometh Verlag, Cologne 1981, ISBN 3-922009-36-0 .
  • Heiner Goebbels, Nikolaus Müller-Schöll (Ed.): Heiner Müller speak . Incl. Audio CD: Josef Bierbichler reads Heiner Müller. theater der zeit, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-940737-38-0 .
  • Jan-Christoph Hauschild: Heiner Müller or the principle of doubt. A biography . Structure, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-351-02516-5 .
  • Günther Heeg, Theo Girshausen (Ed.): Theatrographie. Heiner Müller's theater of writing . Verlag Vorwerk 8, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-930916-89-4 .
  • Frank Hörnigk : Kalkfell for Heiner Müller. Theater der Zeit, DNB 94740953X .
  • Frank Hörnigk: History in Drama. Phil Diss. B (habilitation thesis). Humboldt University, Berlin 1981, DNB 820098957 .
  • Frank Hörnigk (Ed.): Heiner-Müller-Material. Reclam, Leipzig 1990, ISBN 3-379-00453-7 .
  • Huhnholz, Sebastian: "Sponge over it Augustus"? Roman imperial motifs in "Greeks-Müller" , in: Berliner Debatte Initial, 3/2015, 26th year (= special issue on the 20th anniversary of Heiner Müller's death), pp. 27–43.
  • Thomas Grimm : Heiner Müller, Stasi construct or you shouldn't take that personally. In: Left Fatherland Journeyman. Socialists, anarchists, communists, ruffians, and other non-conformists. Parthas Verlag, Berlin 2003, pp. 296-313. ISBN 3-932529-39-1 .
  • Eva C. Huller: Greek Theater in Germany: Myth and Tragedy with Heiner Müller and Botho Strauss . Böhlau, Weimar / Cologne 2007, ISBN 978-3-412-20041-1 .
  • Thomas Irmer (Ed.): Heiner Müller. Anecdotes. Theater der Zeit, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-95749-121-3
  • Hans-Thies Lehmann , Patrick Primavesi (Ed.): Heiner-Müller-Handbuch. Life - work - effect . Metzler, Stuttgart 2003, ISBN 3-476-01807-5 .
  • Helmut Kreuzer, Karl-Wilhelm Schmidt (ed.): Dramaturgy in the GDR (1945–1990) . Volume 2 (1970-1990). Universitätsverlag C. Winter Heidelberg 1998, ISBN 3-8253-0742-5 , pp. 240-265, on Müller's Macbeth see pp. 22-71, 415-449.
  • Jan Linders (Ed.): Close-up Robert Wilson . Alexander Verlag, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-89581-165-4 .
  • Janine Ludwig: Heiner Müller, Icon West. The dramatic work of Heiner Müller in the Federal Republic - reception and effect . Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt am Main a. a. 2009, ISBN 978-3-631-58854-3 .
  • Janine Ludwig: Power and powerlessness of writing. Late texts by Heiner Müller . Kadmos Verlag, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-86599-085-3 .
  • Clemens Pornschlegel , Helen Müller: Heiner Müller: "It's not enough for everyone." Texts on capitalism. Suhrkamp, ​​Berlin 2017, ISBN 978-3-518-12711-7 .
  • Frank Raddatz: The Demetrius Plan or how Heiner Müller sneaked the Brecht throne . Theater der Zeit, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-940737-70-0 .
  • Frank Raddatz: Demons under the red star: On the philosophy of history and aesthetics of Heiner Müller. Metzler-Verlag, Stuttgart 1991, ISBN 3-476-00752-9 .
  • Wolfgang Schivelbusch : Socialist drama after Brecht. Three models: Peter Hacks - Heiner Müller - Hartmut Lange. Luchterhand, Darmstadt / Neuwied 1974, ISBN 3-472-61139-1 .
  • Marc Silberman : Heiner Müller. Rodopi Verlag, Amsterdam 1980, ISBN 90-6203-603-1 .
  • Genia Schulz:  Müller, Heiner. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 18, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-428-00199-0 , pp. 403-405 ( digitized version ).
  • Ingo Schmidt, Florian Vaßen : Bibliography Heiner Müller 1948–1992 . Aisthesis, Bielefeld 1993, ISBN 3-925670-48-3 .
  • Ingo Schmidt, Florian Vaßen: Bibliography Heiner Müller 1993–1995 . Aisthesis, Bielefeld 1996, ISBN 3-89528-151-4 .
  • Christian Schulte, Brigitte Maria Mayer (ed.): The text is the coyote. Heiner Müller inventory . Suhrkamp, ​​Frankfurt am Main 2004, ISBN 3-518-12367-X .
  • Kristin Schulz : Attacks on Geometry. Heiner Müller's writings on "Debauchery and Discipline" . Alexander Verlag, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-89581-203-3 .
  • Genia Schulz: Heiner Müller . Metzler, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-476-10197-5 .
  • Wolfgang Storch (Ed.): Explosion of a memory. Heiner Müller, GDR. A work book . Ed. Hentrich, Berlin 1988, ISBN 3-926175-57-5 .
  • Wolfgang Storch, Klaudia Ruschkowski (Ed.): The gap in the system. Philoctetes. Heiner Muller. Workbook . theater der zeit, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-934344-45-3 .
  • Wolfgang Storch, Klaudia Ruschkowski (Ed.): Sire, that was me. Life of Gundling Friedrich von Prussia Lessing's sleep dream scream Heiner Müller workbook . Theater der Zeit, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-934344-91-4 .
  • Wolfgang Storch, Klaudia Ruschkowski, Peter Kammerer (eds.): Working for Paradise. The wage pusher. Heiner Müller workbook . theater der zeit, Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-942449-07-6 .
  • Stephan Suschke: Müller does theater. Ten productions and an epilogue . theater der zeit, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-934344-31-3 .
  • Falk Strehlow: Balke - Heiner Müller's "The Wage Pusher" and his intertextual relationships. Ibidem-Verlag, Stuttgart 2006, ISBN 3-89821-235-1 .
  • Arlene Akiko Teraoka: The Silence of Entropy or Universal Discourse. The Postmodernist Poetics of Heiner Müller. Verlag Peter Lang, New York / Bern / Frankfurt am Main 1985, ISBN 0-8204-0190-0 .
  • Theodoros Terzopoulos: In the labyrinth: Theodoros Terzopoulos meets Heiner Müller . Theater der Zeit, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-940737-35-9 .
  • Matthias Thalheim: Fatzer on the radio - encounters of a rare nature , in it: Heiner Müller stages Brecht's drama fragment as a radio play , pp. 86-101, Verlag epubli, Berlin 2019, ISBN 978-3-750260-96-2
  • Miodrag Vukčević: The Dawn of History; The subject of 'violence' in Heiner Müller's “Der Wohndrücker”, “Philoktet”, “Mauser” and “The Order”. (Bochum German Studies, Vol. No. 7). Bochum 2006, ISBN 3-89966-142-7 .
  • Georg Wieghaus: Between Order and Treason. The work and aesthetics of Heiner Müller . Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt am Main / Bern / New York / Nancy 1984, ISBN 3-8204-5308-3 .
  • Ronald Weber: Dramatic Antipodes - Peter Hacks, Heiner Müller and the GDR. Berlin: Helle Panke 2014 (booklets on GDR history; 132).
  • Ronald Weber: Peter Hacks, Heiner Müller and the antagonistic drama of socialism. A dispute in the literary field of the GDR. Berlin: de Gruyter 2015, ISBN 978-3-11-043202-2 .
  • Michael Wood: Heiner Müller's Democratic Theater: The Politics of Making the Audience Work . Rochester, NY: Camden House 2017, ISBN 978-1-57113-998-6 .
  • BK Tragelehn. 13 x Heiner Müller. ed. by Carsten and Gerhard Ahrens, in collaboration with the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Theater der Zeit, Berlin 2016, ISBN 978-3-95749-067-4 .
  • Short biography for:  Müller, Heiner . In: Who was who in the GDR? 5th edition. Volume 2. Ch. Links, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-86153-561-4 .
  • Stephan Pabst, Johanna Bohley (editor): Material Müller: Das mediale Nachleben Heiner Müller , Berlin: Verbrecher Verlag, 2018, ISBN 978-3-95732-274-6

Foreign language editions (selection)

  • Russian
Х. Мюллер, П. Хакс, Позтическая драма (Heiner Müller, Peter Hacks, Poetisches Drama), Moscow: Raduga Verlag, 1983 (Philoktet, Herakles 5, Der Horatier, bilingual edition German / Russian)
Гамлет-машина / Мюнхенская свобода и другие пьесы. ('Hamletmaschine', in: Münchener Freiheit and other pieces) / Moscow: Новое литературное обозрение, 2004, pp. 161–170.
  • English
Hamletmachine and Other Texts for the Stage, New York: Performing Arts Journal Publications, 1984, ISBN 0-933826-45-1 .
A Heiner Müller Reader: Plays.Poetry.Prose, Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8018-6578-6 .
  • Finnish
Hamletinkone. Suom. Outi Nyytäjä. Helsinki: Yleisradio, 1988
Germania kuolema Berliinissä (Germania Tod in Berlin), Helsinki, 1992
  • French
Hamlet-machine (précédé de Mauser, Horace, Herakles 5, le Père, Deux lettres, Avis de décès, Adieu à la pièce didactique, Autoportrait deux heures du matin le 20 aout 1959, Projection 1975), Minuit, 1979
  • Turkish
Hamlet Makinesi (Hamlet Makinesi, Philoktetes, Horatialı, Mavzer, Germania Berlin'de Ölüm, Savaş, Görev, Kuartet, Resim Tasviri), Çev. Zehra Aksu Yılmazer, de ki Yayınevi, Ankara, 2008
  • Albanian
Filokteti. Pristina, 1982

Web links

Commons : Heiner Müller  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


  1. Andre Müller: Poets have to be stupid . In: The time . No. 34/1987 ( online ).
  2. a b Bengt Algot Sørensen: History of German Literature 2: From the 19th Century to the Present , CH Beck, Munich, 2010, p. 427.
  3. ^ Obituary to Wolfgang Müller in: Tagesspiegel from January 10, 2014
  4. Over 385 performances of the production by Heiner Müller ( Memento of the original from January 10, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. BE repertoire, accessed on July 15, 2013.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.berliner-ensemble.de
  5. Peter Laudenbach: The oracle speaks. In: Der Tagesspiegel. January 9, 2009, accessed May 15, 2013 .
  6. Collected Errors. 1, p. 135.
  7. Neues Deutschland, December 18, 1970, p. 4
  8. Heiner Müller staged the play in 1987/1988 as a radio play for radio in the GDR, s. a. Line-up: Inge and Heiner Müller: radio work
  9. Heiner and Inge Müller - radio works (among others). (PDF) henschel SCHAUSPIEL, May 25, 2007, accessed on April 2, 2014 .
  10. Heiner Müller stages Brecht's drama fragment as a radio play in: Matthias Thalheim: Fatzer im Radio - Encounters rare nature , pp. 86-101, Verlag epubli, Berlin 2019, ISBN 978-3-750260-96-2
  11. on the music of Robert M. Lumer, radio production, also on AMIGA - 8 50 153, Oktober-Klub Berlin: Under the arm the guitar appeared, text in works 1 - the poems not included
  12. Hans-Dieter Schütt: Ekkehard Schall - 'I've seen it, what more could you want'. Berlin 2014, ISBN 978-3-360-02190-8 , p. 160, text in works 1 - The poems not included
  13. on the LP album Udo Lindenberg Phönix , Polydor 1986, in works 1 - The poems not included
  14. ^ Commemorations for the 80th of Heiner Müller. In: Berliner Morgenpost . January 4, 2009.