Georg Büchner Prize
The Georg Büchner Prize , also known as the Büchner Prize , is the most prestigious literary prize in the German-speaking area today .
The Georg Büchner Prize was founded in 1923, during the Weimar Republic , by the Landtag of the People's State of Hesse in memory of the writer Georg Büchner and awarded to artists who came from Georg Büchner's homeland of Hesse or who were spiritually connected to the state. It was on the initiative of Julius Reiber ( DDP ) from what was then the People's State of Hesseawarded to visual artists and poets, outstanding performing artists, actors and singers. The first award took place on August 10, 1923. Between 1933 and 1944, the Georg Büchner Prize was replaced by a culture prize from the city of Darmstadt.
In 1951 the prize was converted into a general literature prize, which is awarded annually by the German Academy for Language and Poetry as part of its autumn conference in Darmstadt. The award goes to authors who have made outstanding contributions to German literature through their work. The endowment, which was DM 3,000 in 1951 , has been increased regularly over the years and was initially 40,000 euros from 2003 to 2010 and then 50,000 euros from 2011. The prize money is provided by the city of Darmstadt, the state of Hesse and the federal government, as well as the German Academy for Language and Poetry. The Büchner Prize is the most prestigious and since 2011 (alongside the Joseph Breitbach Prize and from 2020 alongside the Grand Prize of the German Literature Fund) the most highly endowed literary prize awarded annually to German-speaking authors.
Laureate of the Literature Prize (since 1951)
The prize has been awarded 69 times so far, including 11 times to a woman (as of 2020).
Winner of the artist and culture award (1923–1950)
- 1923: Adam Karrillon (1853–1938) and Arnold Ludwig Mendelssohn (1855–1933; composer)
- 1924: Alfred Bock (1859–1932) and Paul Thesing (1882–1954; painter)
- 1925: Wilhelm Michel (1877–1942) and Rudolf Koch (1876–1934; calligrapher)
- 1926: Christian Heinrich Kleukens (1880–1954; printer) and Wilhelm Petersen (1890–1957; composer)
- 1927: Kasimir Edschmid (1890–1966) and Johannes Bischoff (chamber singer)
- 1928: Richard Hoelscher (1867–1943; painter) and Well Habicht (1884–1966; sculptor)
- 1929: Carl Zuckmayer (1896–1977) and Adam Antes (1891–1984; sculptor)
- 1930: Nikolaus Schwarzkopf (1884–1962) and Johannes Lippmann (1858–1935; painter)
- 1931: Alexander Posch (artist) (1890–1950) and Hans Simon (1897–1982; composer)
- 1932: Albert H. Rausch (pseudonym Henry Benrath ; 1882–1949) and Adolf Bode (1904–1970; painter)
- 1933–1944: not awarded
- 1945: Hans Schiebelhuth (1895–1944), prize was awarded posthumously in 1947 for 1945 (Schiebelhuth had already been earmarked for 1933)
- 1946: Fritz Usinger (1895–1982)
- 1947: Anna Seghers (1900–1983)
- 1948: Hermann Heiß (pseudonym Georg Frauenfelder ; 1897–1966; composer)
- 1949: Carl Gunschmann (1895–1984; painter)
- 1950: Elisabeth Langgässer (1899–1950), posthumously
- The Büchner Prize. The speeches of the award winners 1950–1962 . Heidelberg and Darmstadt 1963.
- Büchner Prize speeches. 1951–1971 (= Reclams Universal Library . Vol. 9332/34). With a foreword by Ernst Johann . Philipp Reclam-jun., Stuttgart 1972, ISBN 3-15-009332-5 ; bibliogr. supplementary edition 1981 [repr.], same ISBN.
- Büchner Prize speeches. 1984-1994 . Edited by the German Academy for Language and Poetry. Foreword by Herbert Heckmann . With photos by Isolde Ohlbaum. Philipp Reclam-jun., Stuttgart 1994.
- Michael Assmann: The Georg Büchner Prize. 1951-1987. A documentation . Piper, Munich, Zurich 1987. ISBN 3-492-03166-8
- Charis Goer: Büchner award speeches. In: Büchner manual. Epoch - work - effect. Edited by Roland Borgards and Harald Neumeyer. J. B. Metzler, Stuttgart 2009, ISBN 978-3-476-02229-5 , pp. 345-348; urn : nbn: de: 101: 1-2012052216706 .
- Judith S. Ulmer: History of the Georg Büchner Prize. Sociology of a ritual. de Gruyter, Berlin / New York, NY 2006, ISBN 3-11-019069-9 (also dissertation at Heidelberg University , 2006), urn : nbn: de: 101: 1-2016112322237 .
- Georg Büchner Prize (including speeches of thanks, laudations and documents) on the website of the German Academy for Language and Poetry
- German Academy for Language and Poetry : Georg Büchner Prize. In: deutscheakademie.de, accessed on August 11, 2018.
- Fischer Weltalmanach 1961. Ed. By Gustav Fochler-Hauke . Fischer, Frankfurt a. M. 1960, OCLC 861032999 , p. 299.
- Felicitas von Lovenberg : Büchner Prize for F. C. Delius. In: FAZ.net . May 19, 2011. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- Judith S. Ulmer: History of the Georg Büchner Prize. Sociology of a ritual. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 2006, ISBN 3-11-019069-9 , pp. 100-102.