Karl Krolow, who came from a family of civil servants, grew up in Hanover , where he attended secondary school. From 1935-1942 studied it German , Romance languages , philosophy and art history at the Universities of Göttingen and Breslau . Krolow, who had been a member of the Hitler Youth since 1934 , joined the NSDAP in 1937 . From 1940, Krolow began to publish poems in publications such as the Krakauer Zeitung , the Nazi propaganda sheet of the Generalgouvernement . From 1942 the author settled as a freelance writer in Göttingen. In 1943/44 he also published in the National Socialist weekly newspaper Das Reich .
In 1952 Krolow moved to Hanover , in 1956 to Darmstadt , where he lived until his death. Krolow has been one of the most important poets in German post-war literature since the 1950s . He has also worked as a translator from French and Spanish and as a writer of prose works . Karl Krolow has been a member of the PEN Center of the Federal Republic of Germany since 1951, of the German Academy for Language and Poetry in Darmstadt (temporarily as President) since 1953, of the Academy of Sciences and Literature in Mainz since 1960 and of the Bavarian Academy of the Beautiful Arts . He has received numerous awards for his extensive and varied work, including the Georg Büchner Prize in 1956 , the Great Lower Saxony Art Prize in 1965 , the Goethe Plaque of the State of Hesse in 1975 , the Great Federal Cross of Merit , the Literature Prize Stadtschreiber von Bergen and the Rainer-Maria- Rilke Prize for poetry , 1976 honorary doctorate from the Technical University of Darmstadt , 1983 the Hessian Culture Prize , 1985 the Literature Prize of the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts and in 1988 the Friedrich-Hölderlin-Prize of the city of Bad Homburg .
Karl Krolow is buried in the family grave of his parents and grandparents in the Engesohde city cemetery (Department 13) in his hometown of Hanover . In his prose volume "Nacht-Leben oder Geschonte Kindheit" (1985), which contains autobiographical notes about his childhood and youth in Hanover from 1915 to 1935, he recapitulates his old age in the Hanoverian Südstadt, where he lived in the house at Bandelstrasse / corner Sallstrasse grew up.
The bourgeois poems , published under the pseudonym Karol Kröpcke, were checked at the end of 1970 by the Hamburg public prosecutor's office to determine whether they violated the indecency section 184 of the Criminal Code.
Karl Krolow's tomb can be found in the Engesohde city cemetery , department 13 , grave number 125b-125 .
- Highly praised good life , Hamburg 1943 (together with Hermann Gaupp)
- The poem in our time , Hanover 1946
- Poems , Constance 1948
- Visitation , Berlin 1948
- On earth , Hamburg 1949
- The signs of the world , Stuttgart 1952
- On things near and far , Stuttgart 1953
- Wind and Time , Stuttgart 1954
- Days and Nights , Düsseldorf [a. a.] 1956
- Foreign bodies , Berlin a.] 1959
- Shadow of a Man , Wamel am Möhnesee 1959 (together with Rudolf Schoofs )
- Ticino , Munich [u. a.] 1959 (together with Fritz Eschen)
- Aspects of contemporary German poetry , Gütersloh 1961
- Selected poems , Frankfurt am Main 1962
- The role of the author in the experimental poem , Wiesbaden 1962
- Invisible hands , Frankfurt am Main 1962
- Corrida de toros , Darmstadt 1964 (together with Helmut Lander)
- Darmstadt - Reflection of a Residence , Darmstadt 1964 (together with Annelise Reichmann)
- Journey through the night , Darmstadt 1964
- Shadow battle , Frankfurt am Main 1964
- Poem for Darmstadt , Darmstadt 1965
Collected poems , Frankfurt am Main
- 1 (1965)
- 2 (1975)
- 3 (1985)
- 4 (1997)
- Laudation for Fritz Usinger , Passau 1965
- Landscapes for me , Frankfurt am Main 1966
- Poetic diary , Frankfurt am Main 1966
- The problem of the long and short poem today , Mainz 1966
- Among us readers , Darmstadt 1967
- Everyday poems , Frankfurt am Main 1968
- Minute recordings , Frankfurt am Main 1968
- Flight over heather, moor and green mountains , Braunschweig 1969
- Bourgeois poems , Hamburg 1970 (under the name Karol Kröpcke)
- Nothing more than life , Frankfurt am Main 1970
- The dreams of Ilse Aichinger , Dortmund 1971
- Germany your Lower Saxony , Hamburg 1972
- Time passing , Frankfurt am Main 1972
- To the hills stretched out by the Rhine , Troisdorf 1972
- A poem is written , Frankfurt am Main 1973
- A reading book , Frankfurt am Main 1975
- Bremen color , Bremen 1976 (together with Jochen Mönch)
- For the sake of simplicity , Frankfurt am Main 1977
- On literary innocence , Darmstadt 1977
- Düsseldorf , Cologne 1978
- The other life , Frankfurt am Main 1979
- Poems , Frankfurt am Main 1980
- Prologue for Darmstadt 1980, Darmstadt 1980
- Mortal . With woodcuts by Alfred Pohl Pfaffenweiler, 1980
- Herbstsonett with Hegel , Frankfurt am Main 1981
- In walking , Frankfurt am Main 1981
- Nocturnos , Hofheim am Taunus 1981 (together with Eberhard Schlotter )
- Pomological poems , Usingen 1981
- Shine from the glass , Usingen 1982
- Between zero and infinity , Frankfurt am Main 1982
- Remembered Views , Darmstadt 1983 (together with Helmut Lortz )
- Herodotus or The Beginning of History , Waldbrunn 1983
- Melanie , Munich 1983
- Many thanks and over , Frankfurt am Main 1984
- Poems and poetological texts , Stuttgart 1985
- Night-Life or Protected Childhood , Frankfurt am Main 1985
- Unumwunden , Schondorf 1985
- Notes, memories, dreams , Darmstadt 1985 (together with Edith Wolf and Helmut Lander)
- Darmstadt , Hanau 1986
- Poems on etchings by Thomas Duttenhoefer , Isernhagen / Hannover 1986
- Age , Dreieich 1986 (together with Barbara Beisinghoff)
- The other side of the world , Pfaffenweiler 1987
- Engraved in copper , Frankfurt am Main 1987
- Karl Krolow , Berlin 1987
- When the time came , Frankfurt am Main in 1988
- My poems , Frankfurt am Main 1990
- Sentences in the Night , Aachen 1990
- When sadness advances , Leipzig 1990
- I hear myself say Frankfurt am Main 1992
- Something is burning , Frankfurt am Main 1994
- The second time , Frankfurt am Main 1995
- Human , New York [u. a.] 1996 (together with Vera B. Profit)
- Poems that speak of love , Frankfurt am Main / Leipzig 1997, Insel-Bücherei 1174
- The handful of sand , Insel, Frankfurt am Main / Leipzig 2001, Insel-Bücherei 1223
- Disappear in this world , Frankfurt am Main 2002
- Enough is never enough . With a woodcut by Alfred Pohl . Passau 1997
- Men (so they go, laughter in their throats)
- Summer noon (pavane of dust over the path)
- The last night (don't wait, the night will be black and white)
- Sleep (while I sleep, the toys age)
- Today (today I can let you sleep peacefully)
- Adaptations from five centuries of French poetry , Hanover 1948
- Die Barke Phantasie , Düsseldorf [u. a.] 1957
- Paul Verlaine : Poems , Wiesbaden 1957
- Spanish poems of the XX. Century , Frankfurt am Main 1962
- Together , Darmstadt 1974
- Wilhelm Lehmann : Poems , Frankfurt am Main 1977
Literary March , Darmstadt
- 1 (1979) (together with Fritz Deppert and Wolfgang Weyrauch)
- 2 (1981) (with Fritz Deppert)
- 3 (1983) (together with Fritz Deppert and Hanne F. Juritz)
- 4 (1985) (together with Fritz Deppert and Hanne F. Juritz)
- 5 (1987) (together with Fritz Deppert and Hanne F. Juritz)
German poems , Frankfurt am Main
- 1 (1982)
- 2 (1982)
- Poetry of the World - Germany , Berlin 1982
- Heinz Winfried Sabais : Conclusion , Darmstadt 1982
- Preferences , Darmstadt 1984
- Joseph von Eichendorff : Joseph von Eichendorff , Cologne 1987
- Guillaume Apollinaire : Bestiary , Giessen 1959
- Samuel Beckett : Flötentöne , Frankfurt am Main 1982 (translated together with Elmar Tophoven)
- Rainer Maria Rilke : Les fenêtres . With etchings by Christian Mischke , Frankfurt am Main 1990
- Fausto Cercignani : Dark, Green and Paradise. Karl Krolow's lyrical beginnings in «Highly praised good life». In: Germanisch-Romanische monthly 36/1 , 1986, pp. 59–78.
- Fausto Cercignani: Between earthly nothingness and powerless heaven. Karl Krolow's «Poems» 1948: Disappointment and Confusion. In: Literaturwissenschaftliches Jahrbuch 27 , 1986, pp. 197-217.
- Horst S. Daemmrich: knife and ladder to heaven. An introduction to the work of Karl Krolow . Verlag Groos, Heidelberg 1980, ISBN 3-87276-242-7 .
- Neil H. Donahue: Karl Krolow and the poetics of amnesia in postwar Germany . Rochester, NY [et al. a.] 2002
- Walter H. Fritz (Ed.): About Karl Krolow . Suhrkamp, Frankfurt / M. 1972.
- Gerlinde Hahn: Karl Krolow, born on March 11, 1915 in Hanover, on his 70th birthday. A selection directory . City Library, Hanover 1985.
- Bruno Hillebrand: Reason is something certain. Karl Krolow, poetry and person . Steiner-Verlag, Stuttgart 1985, ISBN 3-515-04572-4 .
- Hanna Klessinger: Commitment to poetry: Hans Egon Holthusen , Karl Krolow, Heinz Piontek and the literature policy of the Merkur magazine in the years 1947 to 1956 . Wallstein-Verlag, Göttingen 2011, ISBN 978-3-8353-0874-9
- Heinz Ludwig Arnold (Hrsg.): Karl Krolow (text + criticism; 77). Verlag Text + Criticism, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-88377-134-1 .
- Gerhard Kolter: The reception of West German post-war poetry using the example of Karl Krolow. On the theory and practice of literary communication . Bouvier, Bonn 1977, ISBN 3-416-01365-4 .
- Fatima Massoud: Epoch-historical aspects in the poetry of Karl Krolow . Lang, Frankfurt / M. 1981, ISBN 3-8204-6215-5 .
- Rolf Paulus: Karl Krolow Bibliography . Athenäum Verlag, Frankfurt / M. 1972, ISBN 3-7610-7138-8 .
- Rolf Paulus: Lyric and Poetics Karl Krolows 1940–1970 . Bouvier, Bonn 1980, ISBN 3-416-01543-6 .
- Rolf Paulus: The poet Karl Krolow. Biography and further development, poetry interpretation, bibliography . Bouvier, Bonn 1983, ISBN 3-416-01748-X (together with Gerhard Kolter)
- Jong Ho Pee: Karl Krolow and the lyrical tradition. Irony and self-reflection . Müller Botermann, Cologne 1991, ISBN 3-88105-113-9 .
- Vera B. Profit: A portrait of myself. Karl Krolow's autobiographical poems (1945–1958) and their French sources . Lang, New York 1991, ISBN 0-8204-0851-4 .
- Annamaria Rucktäschel: On the language structure of modern poetry. An experiment on Karl Krolow . Dissertation, University of Munich 1968.
- Artur Rümmler: The development of metaphors in the poetry of Karl Krolow (1942–1962). The relationship with German, French and Spanish poets . Lang, Frankfurt / M. 1972, ISBN 3-261-00752-4 .
- Katja Stahl: Here the air was once Latin. The poet Karl Krolow in Darmstadt. Tectum-Verlag, Marburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-8288-2327-3 .
- Literature by and about Karl Krolow in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Karl Krolow in the Bergen-Enkheim town recorder archive
- Karl Krolow. onlinekunst.de
- Ernst Klee : The cultural lexicon for the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-10-039326-5 , p. 340.
- Karin van Schwartzenberg (responsible): Graves of honor and graves of important personalities at the Engesohde town cemetery , A3 leaflet with overview sketch, ed. from the City of Hanover, The Lord Mayor, Department of Environment and Urban Greenery, Department of Urban Cemeteries, Department of Administration and Customer Service, Hanover, 2012
- The above five poems are from: Hans Bender (Ed.), Gegenpiel. German poetry since 1945 , Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich 1962
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Kröpcke, Karol (pseudonym)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 11, 1915|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hanover|
|DATE OF DEATH||June 21, 1999|
|Place of death||Darmstadt|