Hannover City Library

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hannover City Library
Central library (inside)
Central library, inside, 4th floor

founding 1440
Duration 1,166,467
Library type City library
place Hildesheimer Strasse 12

30169 Hanover

management Carola Schelle-Wolff
Website stadtbibliothek-hannover.de

The Hanover City Library is a public library in Hanover . It includes the central city library on Hildesheimer Straße , 17 district libraries and a mobile library with a book bus.

Dates and numbers

The city library offers the residents of Hanover and the residents of the Hanover region books, newspapers, magazines, current information brochures, CDs, CD-ROMs, videos, DVDs, Blu-Rays, sheet music and games. A total of around 965,000 media units are available for loan or use. There are around 2,000 trade journals. In 2008 and 2009 around 4 million loans were counted, the libraries were each visited around 1.5 million times. Since spring 2009, the Hanover City Library has made electronic media, including magazines and newspapers, audio books and audio files, available for download and for temporary use. Customers have been able to stream music since fall 2015.

During the annual Night of the Museums, the house regularly cooperates with the Linden-Nord- based book printing museum.

Building history

City library with tower
City board number 73 for the city library with text on the history of the building

The building , which is now a listed building , was built up because only a small piece of land was available: Originally, the military cemetery laid out in 1648 on Hildesheimer Strasse and a Catholic cemetery laid out in 1669 outside the former city ​​fortifications of Hanover were located in its place . From 1929 to 1931, City Planning Director Karl Elkart solved the problem of space by arranging the functions of the building one above the other: above the reading and administration rooms, he placed a five-storey magazine tower at the end of the line of sight on Georgstrasse. The brick building marked by the Hildesheimerstraße seen from the entrance area to the city center. The oldest part of the building is a ten-story library tower, which was the first library skyscraper in Europe. The building is attributed to the style of expressionist architecture (" brick expressionism "). Other buildings of this type and era in Hanover are:

  • the Franzius Institute (then: Institute for Civil Engineering ) on Nienburger Strasse , completed in 1926 based on a design by Franz Erich Kassbaum ;
  • the 1929 to 1930 built high-rise at Schwarzen Bär (design: Friedrich Hartjenstein ), today the location of the Capitol event center , as well as

From 1943 to 1945 the building of the city library was the seat of the Gestapo headquarters in Hanover. On February 19, 1945, the last deportation of Hanoverian Jews took place from here .

Library history

The - air-conditioned - council library in the basement of the Hannover City Library
Under a darkened light: leather book covers of the council library
Copy of Heinrich von Berching's Lectura super officio missae by Konrad von Sarstedt ,
Lower Germany, 1416, later
donated to the council library

The oldest inventory segments of the Hanover City Library are the Ratsbibliothek , the library at the Kreuzkirche , the library Löwensen and the library at the Aegidienkirche . The council library is the oldest root of today's metropolitan library system. Many Hanoverian mayors, namely Bartold and Bernhard Homeister in the 16th century as well as Christian Ulrich Grupen and Ernst Anton Heiliger in the 18th century, also made their support a personal concern.

The basis for the city library was created by a donation from Konrad von Sarstedt , head of the church at the Marktkirche . In 1440 he donated his privately financed book holdings - still without exception manuscript volumes - to the Hanoverian main church. The city council of Hanover was responsible for the collection .

The book estate of the Lübeck canon Volkmar von Anderten , offspring of one of the most distinguished Hanoverian families, enriched the city's book holdings in 1479 with numerous manuscript volumes and incunabula (early prints). The council library began to grow and flourished in the 16th century.

In 1553 Bartold Homeister acquired the estate of the reformer Antonius Corvinus for the council library. The estate of the first Lutheran preacher at the market church Georg Scarabaeus or Scharnikau increased the city's book holdings in 1558. Many volumes were literally “chained” in an early attempt to secure books. These chain books are a special feature of the Council Library.

David Meier, preacher at the Kreuzkirche and later at the Marktkirche, founded the first public library in 1599 and asked the citizens of Hanover for donations of books and money. The "Kreuzkirchenbibliothek", which consists of more than 300 volumes, was transferred to the city library in 1851. Many volumes in the library at the Kreuzkirche are adorned with colored donor coats of arms.

The estate of Pastor Johann Diedrich Löwensen, preacher at the Aegidienkirche since 1678 , formed today's Löwensen library in 1708. Her print catalog was published in 1710. Acquisitions made between 1780 and 1792 are collected in the library at the Aegidienkirche.

The Great Reading Society , which was founded in 1789, dissolved in 1886. Her book collection, the Societäts-Bibliothek, enriches the city's book holdings with biographies, travelogues and nineteenth-century aesthetic literature.

In 1889 the city library moved into the museum building donated by Hermann Kestner and named after him. A year later, over 5,000 volumes from Hermann Kestner's estate became the city's property.

In 1903, Martin Börsmann bequeathed his extensive collection of books on Low German literature and language to the provincial capital of Hanover, which handed them over to the city library. The Börsmann collection was supplemented by new acquisitions and continued to this day.

Sticker "575 years Hanover City Library" in front of the newspaper reader behind glass

With the affiliation of the first municipal public library, the Hanoverian public library system began to develop under the name of city libraries in 1921.

According to the plans of Karl Elkart , the city library got its own building at Hildesheimer Straße 12 in 1931 with a brick facade and characteristic storage tower.

The city library received an extension in 1956. It was modeled on the Anglo-American public libraries to an open access library , which is divided into departments. From 1980 to 1994, Marion Beaujean was the senior library director. In 1974 and 2003 the city library was expanded again.

In 2015, the city library opened its 575th anniversary with numerous exhibitions and events.

See also


Web links

Commons : Hannover City Library  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Jürgen Saalfeldt, Werner Schomburg (Chair): Cooperation on the page buchdruckmuseum-hannover.de from the Freundeskreis Schwarze Kunst eV , last accessed on October 8, 2013
  2. Wolfgang Neß: Südstadt (see literature)
  3. Compare the text of the city board number 73 on the city library
  4. ^ Hugo Thielen: Sarstedt, Konrad (also Cord) from. In: Stadtlexikon Hannover , p. 535
  5. Helmut Zimmermann : ANDERTEN, from. In: Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon , p. 28f. u.ö .; online through google books
  6. Dirk Böttcher : MEYER, (2) David (also Meier). In: Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon , p. 252
  7. Compare, for example, the leaflet 575 Years of Hanover City Library / Event Program , ed. from the state capital Hanover, March / April 2015

Coordinates: 52 ° 22 ′ 0.3 "  N , 9 ° 44 ′ 42.3"  E