Engesohde city cemetery
The Engesohde city cemetery is one of the oldest cemeteries in Hanover . It was laid out from 1861 to 1864 and is now located in the Südstadt district . The entrance building is the only remaining new building by Ludwig Droste . The cemetery is 21.7 hectares and has 52 departments.
The Engesohder Friedhof is not only characterized by its beautiful trees but also by its numerous artistically designed grave monuments and crypt buildings . In the cemetery there are numerous graves of prominent residents of Hanover, of which only those of the dancer Yvonne Georgi , the Dadaist Kurt Schwitters and the architects Georg Laves and Dieter Oesterlen should be mentioned. The cemetery is on Orli-Wald- Allee 2 (formerly Alte Döhrener Straße 96), between Hildesheimer Straße and the Maschsee .
The cemetery has been occupied since it was built and is open to every Hanoverian.
An informative brochure from the City of Hanover's Green Spaces Office (see under literature) takes visitors on a tour of 58 selected graves through the cemetery, which offers a basic course in Hanover's city history in an unusual way.
The Engesohde city cemetery was created as a replacement for the closed old Hanoverian community cemeteries St. Nikolai cemetery , Neustädter cemetery and garden cemetery. The oldest part is the northern third (laid out 1871–80). The arched entrance building was designed by Ludwig Droste in 1873 . The chapel in its current form in the neo-Romanesque style was made by Oskar Barnstorf (1910), the reliefs were created by Elsbeth Rommel . Behind the chapel, on the corner of Department 20, one of the two still existing cast-iron “Bödeker angels” is placed, designed by Georg Hurtzig around 1854 and cast in the “ Königshütte ” in Bad Lauterberg . The angel figures, of which there were once 15 in the city of Hanover, go back to the popular Hanoverian pastor Hermann Wilhelm Bödeker , who used them to carry out his collections for charitable purposes. His grave is also in the Engesohder cemetery. The urn grove was laid out according to plans by Albrecht Haupt .
A unique piece: a stone balustrade was used as the boundary wall of the (older) northern part of the cemetery. It used to stand on the Schiffgraben , a current street (between Aegidientorplatz and Emmichplatz ) that was once a waterway. It was built in the Middle Ages as an approximately 9 km long canal for the transport of peat and wood from the Altwarmbüchener Moor through the Eilenriede to the Aegidientor . When the waterway was filled in in the middle of the 19th century, the then superfluous balustrade came to Engesohde.
- Hanns Adrian (1931–2003), 1975 to 1993 City Councilor in Hanover
- Bernhard Baier (1912–2003), water sports enthusiast and sports official
- Ernst von Bandel (1800–1876), sculptor, creator of the Hermann monument in Detmold
- Ludwig Barnay (1842–1924), actor and theater director
- Friedrich Eduard Behrens (1836–1920), industrialist
- Wilhelm Beuermann (1937–2006), painter, graphic artist and poet
- Wilhelm Blumenberg (1863–1949), pastor of the Aegidienkirche
- Hermann Wilhelm Bödeker (1799–1875), pastor of the Marktkirche, benefactor
- Heinrich Friedrich Brehmer (1815–1889), medalist , coin engraver and goldsmith
- Walter Bruch (1908–1990), color television pioneer
- Heinrich Christian Burckhardt (1811–1879), forest director
- Georg von Cölln (1837–1908), entrepreneur, ("former mausoleum")
- Friedrich Georg Hermann Culemann (1811–1886), entrepreneur, art and book collector, senator
- Karl Dammann (1839–1914), director of the veterinary college
- Karl August Devrient , actually De Vrient, also Carl (1797–1872), actor
- Ludwig Droste (1814–1875), architect, city builder
- Georg Ebeling (1853–1925), Bergrat
- Otto von Emmich (1848–1915), general
- Roland Engelhard (1868–1951), sculptor
- Wilhelm Engelhard (1813–1902), sculptor
- Gustav Fink (1854–1933), mayor
- Joseph Gauß (1806–1873), iron construction engineer, senior building officer of the Hanoverian railway management, eldest son of the mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauß
- Mike Gehrke (1943–2004), city image maintainer
- Yvonne Georgi (1903–1975), dancer
- Otto Gleichmann (1887–1963), expressionist painter
- Adolf Grimme (1889–1963), Lower Saxony's first minister of education from 1946 to 1948, first director of the NWDR from 1948 to 1956
- Hugo Haase (1857–1933), carousel and roller coaster builder
- Ferdinand Halthoff (1836–1891), City Director
- Conrad Wilhelm Hase (1818–1902), architect
- Wilhelm Hauschild (1902–1983), photographer
- Bernhard Hausmann (1784–1873), manufacturer, art collector
- Edmund Heusinger von Waldegg (1817–1886), German mechanical and railway engineer
- Rudolf Hillebrecht (1910–1999), City Planning Officer of Hanover
- Werner Holtfort (1920–1992), lawyer, social democratic politician
- Agnes Hundoegger (1858–1927), music teacher
- Karl-Hermann Jacob-Friesen (1886–1960), archaeologist, director of the State Museum
- Karl Jatho (1873–1933), aviation pioneer
- Karl Karmarsch (1803–1879), technologist
- Friedrich Kaulbach (1822–1903), painter
- Hermann Kestner (1810–1890), art collector, founder of the Kestner Museum, grandson of Charlotte Kestner
- Heinrich Kirchweger (1809–1899), railway engineer
- Dietrich Kittner (1935–2013), cabaret artist
- Konrad Kittner (1962–2006), musician
- Wilhelm von Knobelsdorff (1825–1908), Prussian major general and heraldist
- Albert Knoevenagel (1825–1907), machine manufacturer in Linden
- Heinrich Köhler (architect) , architect and university professor
- Edmund Koken (1814–1872), landscape and portrait painter
- Karl Krolow (1915–1999), writer
- Karl Lange (1811–1867), building contractor and founder
- Georg Ludwig Friedrich Laves (1788–1864), architect, town planner
- Adolf Wilhelm Leonhardt (1815–1880), lawyer, Prussian Minister of Justice
- Georg Lichtenberg (1852–1908), Mayor of Linden
- Wilhelm Mackensen (1869–1955), architect
- Arthur Quantity (1884–1965), Lord Mayor
- Elke Mühlbach (1953–2012), biologist, bat researcher
- Gustav Noske (1868–1946), social democratic politician
- Curd Ochwadt (1923–2012), writer, translator
- Dieter Oesterlen (1911–1994), architect
- Carl Peters (1856–1918), colonial politician
- Bernhard path (1885–1966), CDU politician, first Lower Saxony interior minister in 1946
- Johann Carl Hermann Rasch (1810–1882), city director
- Ludwig Roselius (1874–1943), businessman, industrialist (Kaffee HAG), art patron
- Hermann Schaedtler (1857–1931), German architect
- Albrecht Schaeffer (1885–1950), writer
- Georg Schnath (1898–1989), archivist, historian
- Kurt Schwitters (1887–1948), painter, graphic artist, writer
- Siegmund Seligmann (1853–1925), businessman, councilor, general director of the Continental Gummi-Werke
- Katrin Sello (1941–1992), art historian
- Adolf Tellkampf (1798–1869), mathematician, school director
- Heinrich Tieste (1815–1882), surgeon and obstetrician
- Heinrich Tramm (1854–1932), city director
- Ludwig Vierthaler (1875–1967), sculptor
- Orli Wald (1914–1962), German resistance fighter. In 2007 the former Alte Döhrener Straße in front of the cemetery was renamed Orli-Wald-Allee after her
- Ferdinand Wallbrecht (1840–1905), architect, building contractor, national liberal politician
- August Waterbeck (1875–1947), sculptor
- August Werner (manufacturer) (1845–1916), tomb with an angel relief by Hermann Schaper
- Silke Beck, Cordula Wächtler (ed.), Uta Müller Glassl, Helmut Zimmermann (text): Stadtfriedhof Engesohde , free brochure with, among other things, a historical outline, photos and overview plan, ed. from the Department of Environment and Urban Greenery, Langensalzastraße 17, Hanover: November 2007, p. 20; or online as a PDF document .
- Helmut Knocke , Hugo Thielen : Hanover. Art and culture lexicon. Handbook and city guide. 3. Edition. Schäfer, Hannover 1995, ISBN 3-88746-313-7 , pp. 65-66.
- Engesohde city cemetery. Text: Uta Müller-Glassl, Helmut Zimmermann. Status: December 1998. Green areas office of the state capital Hanover, Hanover 1998.
- Discover, experience, understand Hanover's nature. Working group of the Association of German Biologists (Lower Saxony State Association). Edited by Elisabeth von Falkenhausen (among others). Kallmeyer, Seelze-Velber 1998, ISBN 3-7800-5263-6 , pp. 42-46.
- Dirk Böttcher , Klaus Mlynek , Waldemar R. Röhrbein , Hugo Thielen: Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2002, ISBN 3-87706-706-9 (biographies of all persons named in the above list of grave monuments can be found in this standard work).
- Kurt Schwitters: The family crypt. (1946). In: Schwitters: The literary work. Edited by Friedhelm Lach. Volume 4: Drama and Scenes. DuMont, Cologne 1977, pp. 308-320. (“Anti-Nazi play” written by the Dadaist in 1946 in exile in England. The “family crypt” is in the Engesohde cemetery.)
- Peter Schulze : Engesohde city cemetery. In: Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein (eds.) U. a .: City Lexicon Hanover . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2009, ISBN 978-3-89993-662-9 , pp. 586f.
- List of honorary graves in the cemeteries of the state capital Hanover (PDF; 56 kB)
- Stadtfriedhof Engesohde on hannover.de
- Photographic walk through the Engesohde city cemetery
- ↑ Peter Schulze : Engesohde city cemetery. In: Stadtlexikon Hannover . P. 586f.
- ↑ According to the city of Hanover's PDF brochure (see web links), it was created “as the oldest communal cemetery”; according to Peter Schulze in the city lexicon of Hanover , keyword garden cemetery , however, the garden cemetery is the “first urban cemetery”.
- ^ Helmut Knocke : Droste, Ludwig. In: Stadtlexikon Hannover . P. 140.
- ^ Waldemar R. Röhrbein : Cölln, Georg von. In: Stadtlexikon Hannover , p. 115.
- ^ Hugo Thielen : Gehrke, Mike (Michael) , in: Stadtlexikon Hannover , p. 207
- ^ Waldemar R. Röhrbein: Werner, (1) August, in: Stadtlexikon Hannover, p. 672.
Coordinates: 52 ° 20 ′ 57 ″ N , 9 ° 45 ′ 17 ″ E