Engesohde city cemetery

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Main entrance with gatehouse

The Engesohde city cemetery is one of the oldest cemeteries in Hanover . It was laid out from 1861 to 1864 and is now located in the Südstadt district . The entrance building is the only remaining new building by Ludwig Droste . The cemetery is 21.7 hectares and has 52 departments.


The Engesohder Friedhof is not only characterized by its beautiful trees but also by its numerous artistically designed grave monuments and crypt buildings . In the cemetery there are numerous graves of prominent residents of Hanover, of which only those of the dancer Yvonne Georgi , the Dadaist Kurt Schwitters and the architects Georg Laves and Dieter Oesterlen should be mentioned. The cemetery is on Orli-Wald- Allee 2 (formerly Alte Döhrener Straße 96), between Hildesheimer Straße and the Maschsee .

The cemetery has been occupied since it was built and is open to every Hanoverian.

An informative brochure from the City of Hanover's Green Spaces Office (see under literature) takes visitors on a tour of 58 selected graves through the cemetery, which offers a basic course in Hanover's city history in an unusual way.


Oskar Barnstorf's chapel at the back of the main entrance
Former balustrade of the moat , today as a cemetery wall
One of the many families crypted in the cemetery

The Engesohde city cemetery was created as a replacement for the closed old Hanoverian community cemeteries St. Nikolai cemetery , Neustädter cemetery and garden cemetery. The oldest part is the northern third (laid out 1871–80). The arched entrance building was designed by Ludwig Droste in 1873 . The chapel in its current form in the neo-Romanesque style was made by Oskar Barnstorf (1910), the reliefs were created by Elsbeth Rommel . Behind the chapel, on the corner of Department 20, one of the two still existing cast-iron “Bödeker angels” is placed, designed by Georg Hurtzig around 1854 and cast in the “ Königshütte ” in Bad Lauterberg . The angel figures, of which there were once 15 in the city of Hanover, go back to the popular Hanoverian pastor Hermann Wilhelm Bödeker , who used them to carry out his collections for charitable purposes. His grave is also in the Engesohder cemetery. The urn grove was laid out according to plans by Albrecht Haupt .

A unique piece: a stone balustrade was used as the boundary wall of the (older) northern part of the cemetery. It used to stand on the Schiffgraben , a current street (between Aegidientorplatz and Emmichplatz ) that was once a waterway. It was built in the Middle Ages as an approximately 9 km long canal for the transport of peat and wood from the Altwarmbüchener Moor through the Eilenriede to the Aegidientor . When the waterway was filled in in the middle of the 19th century, the then superfluous balustrade came to Engesohde.

Tombs (selection)

Tomb of the cemetery builder Ludwig Droste
Gravestone Yvonne Georgi
Rediscovered grave of Edmund Heusinger von Waldegg
Grave medallion Dieter Oesterlen
Grave monument for Ferdinand Wallbrecht

See also


  • Silke Beck, Cordula Wächtler (ed.), Uta Müller Glassl, Helmut Zimmermann (text): Stadtfriedhof Engesohde , free brochure with, among other things, a historical outline, photos and overview plan, ed. from the Department of Environment and Urban Greenery, Langensalzastraße 17, Hanover: November 2007, p. 20; or online as a PDF document .
  • Helmut Knocke , Hugo Thielen : Hanover. Art and culture lexicon. Handbook and city guide. 3. Edition. Schäfer, Hannover 1995, ISBN 3-88746-313-7 , pp. 65-66.
  • Engesohde city cemetery. Text: Uta Müller-Glassl, Helmut Zimmermann. Status: December 1998. Green areas office of the state capital Hanover, Hanover 1998.
  • Discover, experience, understand Hanover's nature. Working group of the Association of German Biologists (Lower Saxony State Association). Edited by Elisabeth von Falkenhausen (among others). Kallmeyer, Seelze-Velber 1998, ISBN 3-7800-5263-6 , pp. 42-46.
  • Dirk Böttcher , Klaus Mlynek , Waldemar R. Röhrbein , Hugo Thielen: Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2002, ISBN 3-87706-706-9 (biographies of all persons named in the above list of grave monuments can be found in this standard work).
  • Kurt Schwitters: The family crypt. (1946). In: Schwitters: The literary work. Edited by Friedhelm Lach. Volume 4: Drama and Scenes. DuMont, Cologne 1977, pp. 308-320. (“Anti-Nazi play” written by the Dadaist in 1946 in exile in England. The “family crypt” is in the Engesohde cemetery.)
  • Peter Schulze : Engesohde city cemetery. In: Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein (eds.) U. a .: City Lexicon Hanover . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2009, ISBN 978-3-89993-662-9 , pp. 586f.

Web links

Commons : Stadtfriedhof Engesohde  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Peter Schulze : Engesohde city cemetery. In: Stadtlexikon Hannover . P. 586f.
  2. According to the city of Hanover's PDF brochure (see web links), it was created “as the oldest communal cemetery”; according to Peter Schulze in the city lexicon of Hanover , keyword garden cemetery , however, the garden cemetery is the “first urban cemetery”.
  3. ^ Helmut Knocke : Droste, Ludwig. In: Stadtlexikon Hannover . P. 140.
  4. ^ Waldemar R. Röhrbein : Cölln, Georg von. In: Stadtlexikon Hannover , p. 115.
  5. ^ Hugo Thielen : Gehrke, Mike (Michael) , in: Stadtlexikon Hannover , p. 207
  6. ^ Waldemar R. Röhrbein: Werner, (1) August, in: Stadtlexikon Hannover, p. 672.

Coordinates: 52 ° 20 ′ 57 ″  N , 9 ° 45 ′ 17 ″  E