Academy of Arts of the GDR
The GDR Academy of Arts was the central art academy in the GDR. It existed under different names from 1950 to 1993. Then it merged with the Akademie der Künste Berlin (West) to form the Akademie der Künste von Berlin .
German Academy of the Arts
The German Academy of the Arts was founded on March 24, 1950. The founding act was carried out by the Prime Minister of the GDR Otto Grotewohl . She considered herself the legal successor to the Prussian Academy of the Arts . The temporary location was the house for medical training at Robert-Koch-Platz 7 in Berlin-Mitte .
At the old location in the Ernst von Ihne extension of the Palais Arnim at Pariser Platz 4 in front of the Brandenburg Gate , (where the new building of the current Academy of the Arts is located), archive, office, magazine and event rooms were housed from 1952.
Academy of Arts of the GDR
In April 1974 it was named Academy of Arts of the German Democratic Republic (AdK). The AdK “helps with the development and dissemination of a partisan and popular art of socialist realism, which contributes to the formation of socialist personalities, an art that enriches the intellectual life of the people and acts as a component of the cultural way of life under socialism. It makes an important contribution to the research, maintenance, development and dissemination of the cultural and artistic heritage. ”(Statute of the AdK of the GDR from January 26, 1978)
In 1976 she moved into the Langenbeck-Virchow-Haus at Luisenstrasse 58/59 near the Charité . This became vacant after the People's Chamber of the GDR had moved to the Palace of the Republic . In 1987, after more than ten years of restoration work, the house at Robert-Koch-Platz was moved back into.
Academy of Arts in Berlin
From 1990 it was called the Berlin Academy of the Arts .
With the Akademie der Künste Berlin (West) it was transferred to the joint Akademie der Künste Berlin in 1993 .
Most of the administrative documents are now in the archive of the Academy of Arts .
The academy was divided into different sections
In addition to exhibitions, concerts, readings, conferences, symposia and archiving, the extensive activities also included looking after numerous artists.
Master classes with prominent teachers such as Hanns Eisler , Paul Dessau , Günter Kochan and Dieter Zechlin (music), as well as Fritz Cremer , Gustav Seitz and Werner Klemke (visual arts) were highly regarded .
- Heinrich Mann , 1950 (nominal)
- Arnold Zweig , 1950–1953
- Johannes R. Becher , 1953–1956
- Otto Nagel , 1956–1962
- Willi Bredel , 1962–1964
- Konrad Wolf , 1965–1982
- Manfred Wekwerth , 1982–1990
- Heiner Müller , 1990-1993
Vice presidents were u. a. Paul Dessau (1957–62), Ernst Herrmann Meyer (1965–69), Dieter Zechlin (1970–78), Fritz Cremer (1974–83), Wieland Förster (1979–90), Werner Stötzer (1990–93), Ruth Zechlin (1990-93)
Membership in the academy was an honor; it was bestowed on special artistic achievements.
The founding members included u. a. Johannes R. Becher , Bertolt Brecht , Hanns Eisler , Otto Nagel , Anna Seghers , Helene Weigel and Friedrich Wolf .
Other full members included a. Fritz Cremer , and Paul Dessau .
Honorary member: Thomas Mann (1955)
The corresponding members included a. Benjamin Britten , Charles Chaplin , Aram Chatschaturjan , Otto Dix , Hans Erni , Gabriel García Marquez , Pablo Neruda , Laurence Olivier and Pablo Picasso .
For other members see the incomplete list .
The academy awarded:
- Heinrich Mann Prize for Essay Writing (since 1953),
- Käthe Kollwitz Prize for Fine Arts (since 1960),
- Lion Feuchtwanger Prize for historical prose (since 1971),
- Alex Wedding Prize for children's and youth literature (since 1968),
- F. C. Weiskopf Prize for particularly "language-critical and language-accentuating" literature (since 1957),
- Will Lammert Prize for young sculptors (since 1962),
- Anna Seghers Prize for Young Authors (since 1986)
- Konrad Wolf Prize for the Performing Arts (since 1988)
- Rudolf Engel : The Academy on Robert-Koch-Platz . In: Institute for Marxism-Leninism at the Central Committee of the SED , Kulturbund der DDR (Ed.): … The beginning of a new era. Memories of the beginnings of our cultural revolution 1945–1949 . Aufbau-Verlag, Berlin / Weimar 1981, p. 150-160 .
- Anke Scharnhorst, Helmut Müller-Enbergs : Who was who in the GDR? . Volume 1, Christoph Links Verlag Berlin, 2010.
- Bernd-Rainer Barth: Who was who in the GDR? Volume 2, Christoph Links Verlag Berlin, 2010
- Hans Gerhard Hannesen: The Academy of Arts in Berlin. Facets of a 300-year history. Berlin 2005
- Andreas Herbst , Winfried Ranke, Jürgen Winkler (eds.): This is how the GDR worked. Lexicon of Organizations and Institutions , Vol. 1, Reinbek bei Hamburg 1994
- ^ Ludz Peter Christian Johannes Kuppe: GDR manual . Ed .: Federal Ministry for Internal German Relations. 1st edition. Verlag Wissenschaft und Politik, Cologne 1979, ISBN 978-3-8046-8515-4 , p. 32 .