Order of Louise

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Order of Louise (1st model)
Order of Louis I Class, 1865
Friedrike von Prussia with the Order of Louisen on her left breast

The Royal Prussian Order of Louis (also: Order of Luisen ) was the highest order of women in the Kingdom of Prussia and was established on August 3, 1814 during the wars of freedom against Napoleon I by King Friedrich Wilhelm III. Donated as a souvenir of his wife Queen Luise , who died in 1810 .

Foundation, endowment

The deed of foundation states:

“When the men of our brave armies bled for the fatherland, they found refreshment and relief in the nurturing care of women. Faith and hope gave the mothers and daughters of our country the strength to calm the anxiety for their own who fought with the enemy and the pain for the lost by persevering work for the cause of the fatherland and became their essential aid for the great cause not missed anywhere. "

The order was renewed in 1850 under King Friedrich Wilhelm IV , in 1865 under Wilhelm I and in 1890 under Wilhelm II .

On October 30, 1865, King Wilhelm I created the second division of the order, which was divided into two classes and had smaller, non-enameled crosses.

Order decoration

The medal of the originally one-class Louis Order is a black enameled gold cross. In the obverse middle medallion, which was enamelled sky blue, there is the monogram within a wreath of starsL.. In the reverse of the first model are the years1813-1814and after the revolution of 1848 the numbers1848-1849. This second model was only awarded from 1850.

The medal was worn in a bow made of white ribbon with black borders on the left chest. Instead of the cross, non-Christian wearers received a gold medal with the same medallion in the middle as on the obverse of the cross.

Amalie Beer , a Jew , received a modified version of the order out of consideration for her religious feelings.


The number of borrowers who had to have Prussian citizenship was limited to 100.

For individual bearers of this order, see Bearer of the Order of Louisen .


  • Gustav Adolph Ackermann: Order book of all in Europe flourishing and extinct orders and decorations. Rudolph and Dieterici, Annaberg 1855, p. 28 f., Online.
  • Louis Schneider : Der Louisen-Orden (The Prussian Order, Decorations and Awards: Historical, Pictorial, Statistical; Vol. 4), Berlin: Hayn, 1867 digitized .

Web links

Commons : Order of Louisen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ The Luisen Foundation . In: Official Gazette of the Royal Prussian Government in Königsberg , No. 44, November 1, 1865
  2. Christopher Clark : Prussia. Rise and fall. 1600-1947. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt , Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-421-05392-3 , p. 435.