Maria Leopoldine of Anhalt-Dessau

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Marie Leopoldine von Anhalt-Dessau, Princess of Lippe-Detmold, painting by Christian Lisiewsky , 1765

Marie Leopoldine von Anhalt-Dessau (born November 18, 1746 in Dessau , † April 15, 1769 in Detmold ) was a princess of Anhalt-Dessau and, by marriage, Princess of Lippe-Detmold .


Marie Leopoldine was a daughter of Prince Leopold II of Anhalt-Dessau (1700–1751) from his marriage to Gisela Agnes (1722–1751), daughter of Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Köthen . She had a particularly close relationship with her sisters Agnese and Kasimire , with whom she usually lived together even after their marriage and who had extensive correspondence when they separated.

The 18-year-old princess married Prince Simon August zur Lippe-Detmold (1727–1782), who was twice his age, on September 28, 1765 in Dessau . In the letters to her sisters, she complained that she was homesick, so that they traveled to Detmold. The Princess was personally involved in modernization measures in Detmold Castle and in the Lemgoer Hof. Marie Leopoldine died just four years after the marriage. Her sister Kasimire became Prince Simon August's next wife in 1769.


From their marriage, Marie Leopoldine had a son:

  • Leopold I (1767–1802), Prince of Lippe-Detmold
⚭ 1796 Princess Pauline Christine of Anhalt-Bernburg (1769–1820)


  • Eva Labouvie: Sisters and Friends: on the cultural history of female communication , p. 321 ff., Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar, 2009