Simon August (Lippe)

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Simon August

Simon August Graf von Lippe (born June 12, 1727 in Detmold ; † May 1, 1782 there ) ruled the County of Lippe from 1734 to 1782 .

He was the son of Simon Henrich Adolf and Johanna Wilhelmine, daughter of Prince Georg August von Nassau-Idstein . Until 1747 Simon August ruled under the tutelage of his mother. Under the influence of the Enlightenment , he issued a new budget, social and legal system and in 1749, together with Dietrich Johann von Hillensberg, introduced a budget in Lippe so that he would not spend more than what was available. The Sparkasse Detmold and the Landesbrandversicherungsanstalt trace their tradition back to the first founding of Simon August. He acquired the Salzuflen salt works and expanded Meinberg into a spa . In 1775 he created a relief fund for needy subjects. According to a census of 1776, his country had 49,416 inhabitants.


In 1753, during the reign of Simon August, the convention foot was introduced . After that, Lippe had the thaler as its currency : 1 thaler = 36  Mariengroschen  = 288  pfennigs  = 576  hellers . In contrast to other areas, there was no currency in Lippe, the Batzen and the cruiser .

See also → Lippische Münzgeschichte


Simon August monument, today's location in Horn-Bad Meinberg

Simon August had four marriages. He married Princess Polyxena Louise of Nassau-Weilburg in 1750 (* January 27, 1733, † September 27, 1764). With her he had a child, Wilhelmine Caroline (* July 6, 1751, † April 4, 1753).

In 1765 he married Maria Leopoldine von Anhalt-Dessau (born November 18, 1746, † April 15, 1769). Their son was Leopold (* December 2, 1767, † April 4, 1802).

He then married Kasimire von Anhalt-Dessau in 1769 (born January 19, 1749, † November 8, 1778). Her son was August (born October 9, 1777, † May 27, 1809).

His fourth wife was Christine Princess von Solms-Braunfels (born August 30, 1744, † December 16, 1823) in 1780 .

After Simon August's death in 1782, his son Leopold I took over the government on November 5, 1789 and in the same year had the sculptor Schlupf erect a memorial in honor of his father in what was then the Lustgarten (today's location: Parkallee in front of the Bad Meinberg spa gardens).



Individual evidence

  1. Hochfuerstl. Hessen-Casselischer Staats- und Adress-Calender (1775) p. 21.
predecessor Office successor
Simon Heinrich Adolf Graf zur Lippe-Detmold
Leopold I.