Kasimire von Anhalt-Dessau

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Countess Casimire zur Lippe, née Princess von Anhalt-Dessau, painting by Heinrich Friedrich Leopold Matthieu , before 1775, reproduction in the Rochow Museum Reckahn, original in the Lippisches Landesmuseum Detmold

Kasimire von Anhalt-Dessau (born January 19, 1749 in Dessau , † November 8, 1778 in Detmold ) was a princess of Anhalt-Dessau and by marriage Princess of Lippe-Detmold .


Kasimire was a daughter of Prince Leopold II of Anhalt-Dessau (1700–1751) from his marriage to Gisela Agnes (1722–1751), daughter of Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Köthen . She had a particularly close relationship with her sister Maria Leopoldine , a married Countess zur Lippe, and Agnese , with whom she usually lived together even after their marriage and who had extensive correspondence when they separated.

She married in the November 9, 1769 Dessau Count Simon August of Lippe-Detmold (1727 to 1782), widower of their deceased in April of the year marriage Sister Maria Leopoldine. Religiously tolerant and socially committed, she was instructed in administrative matters. Without interfering in the current affairs of government, she planned numerous reforms in Lippe, some of which she was able to implement. She had significant influence on her husband and thus became the mainstay of the attempted reforms to Chancellor Bernhard Ferdinand Hoffmann , who knew, however, to moderate the temperament Kasimires. She formed commissions of pastors, doctors and administrators who were supposed to advise them on poor and sick care and on the school system. For example, instead of begging, the poor should find useful employment. Sick, frail and elderly people were given according to a decree arms order for assistance from the Fund arms. On her initiative, a medical ordinance was issued in 1789, which marked the beginning of organized public health care . Kasimire's further reform efforts concerned serfdom , the replacement of compulsory labor , the common division and the conversion in the cultivation of crops. However, despite numerous opposition, their reform efforts were only partially successful. In 1775 she founded the "Patriotic Society", one of the oldest rural credit institutions in Germany. Under the influence of Johann Bernhard Basedow and Friedrich Eberhard von Rochow, she planned a reorganization of the school system and the establishment of a teacher training college in Lippe . Her daughter-in-law, Princess Pauline zur Lippe (1769–1820), was later to successfully continue the reform work that had begun.


Kasimire and Simon August had a son:


  • Günther Engelbert:  Kasimire. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 11, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1977, ISBN 3-428-00192-3 , p. 317 ( digitized version ).
  • Eva Labouvie: Sisters and Friends: on the cultural history of female communication , p. 321 ff., Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar, 2009
  • Gottlob Friedrich Wilhelm Chapon: Life and last hours of the once most noble princess Casimire, ruling Countess and noble woman zur Lippe, born. Princess of Anhalt. Lemgo 1780, LLB Detmold

Web links

Commons : Kasimire von Anhalt-Dessau  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Kasimire, Countess zur Lippe in the German biography