Lippe State Museum

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Lippe State Museum
Lippisches Landesmuseum, Detmold, June 2008.JPG
The Lippe State Museum (Haus Ameide), June 2008
place Detmold
Multi-branch museum
opening 1835
Michael cell
ISIL DE-MUS-034919
Sennelandscape with Senner horses
by Gustav Quentell and Carl Rötteken

The Lippe State Museum in Detmold is the largest and oldest museum in East Westphalia-Lippe . The museum, supported by the Lippe regional association , is located opposite the Princely Residence Castle of the Lords of the Lippe and the Lippe State Theater .


The museum was founded in 1835 as a natural history museum together with the Natural Science Association for the Principality of Lippe and has developed into a classic multi-discipline museum with important collections from the fields of natural history , prehistory and early history , regional history of the former state of Lippe , folklore , art , furniture and interior design as well as ethnology . In 2010 the museum celebrated its 175th anniversary. This was celebrated on June 18 with a large anniversary exhibition ( 175 years in 175 days ) and the reopening of the new permanent exhibition Arminius, Thusnelda and the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest - A German Founding Myth in the Zehntscheune.

In order to regulate the monument protection law of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia from 1981 with the general allocation of responsibility for the preservation of monuments to the landscape associations, in consideration of the Lippe traditions, competencies and independence of the former state of Lippe ( Heimatschutzgesetz of 1920), the preservation of monuments for Lippe was contractually agreed with the regional association Lippe contributed to the collaboration. The regional association carries out the preservation of monuments through the regional museum.


The origins of the museum go back to an initiative by Carl Weerth , who initiated the establishment of the Natural Science Association for the Principality of Lippe in 1835 . The association's “natural material collection” was housed in the premises of the grammar school at Leopoldstrasse 5 and in 1861 moved into a newly constructed building in the backyard of the grammar school. In 1885 the company moved to the Prinzenpalais, which at that time already housed the Lippische Landesbibliothek . The palace also had a stables , which from 1893 housed the "Collection of Patriotic Antiquities".

In 1919 the Free State of Lippe took over the collection, which had grown significantly in the meantime. The Lippe State Museum was officially built in the now free-standing rooms in the New Palace . The lack of space, which also prevailed here, was exacerbated when the Northwest German Music Academy moved into the lower floor in autumn 1946 . The museum arrived at its current location in 1953 when it moved into the Ameide Society House at Detmold Castle . Over time, other buildings were built here: the Kornhaus was moved from the Schieder domain and used from 1958, the Falkenhagen Monastery tithe barn was moved into in 1962 and the Detmold Mittelmühle was restored in the early 1970s and added to the ensemble in 1974. A bakery from Bexten has been connecting the Kornhaus to the Zehntscheune since 1982. In addition, there is the new building in the so-called Museum Ditch from 1997.

Departments and Collections

Amor von Hellerhausen
1st century AD

The museum complex includes five buildings: The Museumgraben, Haus Ameide, Zehntscheune , Kornhaus and Mittelmühle.

  • Museum moat: This is where the cash desk and the museum shop are located. The basement is used for special exhibitions and the coin cabinet.
  • Haus Ameide : There is a special exhibition on the Falkenburg theme on the ground floor . The Stone Age and Iron Age are presented on the first floor. Among other things, the hand ax from Bad Salzuflen is presented here, which is one of the oldest artefacts in Westphalia, dating back to 350,000 to 300,000 years ago. The second floor is dedicated to ethnology. A special highlight here are the five mummies: an Egyptian mummy with a sarcophagus and four Peruvian mummies, including the Detmold child mummy .
  • Tithe barn : In 2009 the building was completely refurbished for the MYTH exhibition. After the end of the MYTH exhibition, the new permanent exhibition Arminius, Thusnelda and the Battle in the Teutoburg Forest - A German Founding Myth has been presented on the ground floor since October 2010 , in which the development of the Varus myth, the construction of the Hermann monument and its builder Ernst von Bandel is discussed. The extensive furniture collection of the house is presented on the two upper floors.
  • Kornhaus : Old handicrafts and trades are on display on the ground floor, as well as a Kötterdeele and sacred art. On the first floor there is a regional exhibition and an exhibition on children's toys. On the second floor, bourgeois and courtly living culture are exhibited in style rooms, as well as art from the 19th and 20th centuries. The third floor is dedicated to traditional costumes and fashion. The top floor still houses the furniture collection.
  • Mittelmühle : Today the natural history house presents a diverse collection of animals, plants, fossils, rocks and minerals. The exotic fauna of the savannahs, rainforests and polar regions invites you to go on discovery tours on the ground floor. On the first floor there is a familiar animal world in the local forest. In addition, numerous fossils, mighty antlers and bones give an insight into the history of the earth. The museum's extensive mineral collection is presented on the second floor.

Collections on the Internet

The collections of the Lippe State Museum ( natural history, costumes and traditional costumes, archaeological collections, art history, coins, folklore and regional studies, ethnology and furniture / interior design ) can be searched through the museum-digital object portal .


See also

Web links

Commons : Lippisches Landesmuseum Detmold  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Wilhelm Hansen: The cultural-historical collections of the Lippisches Landesmuseum - their origin and their beginnings (=  Lippische Mitteilungen aus Geschichte und Landeskunde . Volume 54). 1985, ISSN  0342-0876 , p. 15 .
  2. ^ Matthias Rickling: Lippisches Landesmuseum Detmold - The show collections . Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-422-02090-0 , pp. 11-15 .
  3. Jürgen Richter: Conscious geometric design in Homo heidelbergensis? Work step analysis on a hand ax from Bad Salzuflen (Ostwestfalen-Lippe) , summary on the website of the Leibniz Research Institute for Archeology of the Roman-Germanic Central Museum.
  4. ^ Christoph Schmidt: National Socialist Cultural Policy in Gau Westfalen-Nord: Regional Structures and Local Milieus (1933-1945) , Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh , 2006, p. 432, ISBN 3-506-72983-7 , online at Google Books

Coordinates: 51 ° 56 ′ 14.2 "  N , 8 ° 52 ′ 35.3"  E