State Theater Detmold
The Landestheater Detmold is a three-part theater with five venues in Detmold . With its guest performances in more than a hundred locations in Germany and neighboring countries, the theater is considered the largest travel stage in Europe.
In 1820, Prince Leopold II , supported by his mother Princess Pauline , decided to have a court theater built in Detmold and commissioned the state master builder from Natorp to do so . The foundation stone was laid on April 18, 1825.
After only seven months of construction, on November 8th, 1825, the curtain of the Lippische Hoftheater for the opera Titus, the Kind by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart , was raised for the first time . August Pichler was appointed director of the new theater . The respected Pichler troupe had already been guests in the old Detmold comedy house. In 1839 the Detmold Court Theater, under the direction of August Pichler in Pyrmont, gave the world premiere of the play Die Hermannsschlacht by Heinrich von Kleist .
Both musical theater and drama were on the schedule of the court theater. Famous artists such as Christian Dietrich Grabbe as an author and feared critic and Albert Lortzing as a singer, actor and conductor worked at the theater.
On February 5, 1912, during the performance of the play The Beggar of Syracuse by Hermann Sudermann , the theater burned down to the ground because of a damaged chimney. But it was rebuilt during the First World War 1914–1915 according to plans by the Berlin architect Bodo Ebhardt . The new building was financed with donations from the Detmold citizens and funds from the Princely House. The current season could provisionally be brought to an end in the Detmold summer theater . Before the reopening, the theater building passed into the hands of the Free State of Lippe and reopened on September 28, 1919 with Lortzing's opera Undine .
On February 27, 1924, the monumental film The Hermann Battle was premiered in the Detmold State Theater. The nationalist-minded premiere audience celebrated the performance by singing the Deutschlandlied .
Like all German theaters, the theater had to close its doors on September 1, 1944 during the Second World War . After the end of the war, the British occupying forces set up their officers' mess here . The theater was therefore relocated to the Detmold Summer Theater. On July 5, 1952, the release took place and the game operations normalized again. From 1934 to 1969 Otto Will-Rasing was the theater's director. General music director was Paul Sixt , who was jointly responsible for the Degenerate Music exhibition in Düsseldorf in 1938 .
The orchestra of the Landestheater Detmold
The Fürstlich-Lippische-Hofkapelle , founded in 1843, is regarded as the forerunner of the State Theater's orchestra. The castle in Detmold was the seat of the then smallest German principality of Lippe . The regents founded and promoted music theater to such an extent that well-known composers such as Albert Lortzing and Johannes Brahms took up residence in Detmold.
After the Second World War, the music ensemble took on the tasks of a theater orchestra in the Detmold State Theater with a focus on opera , operettas , musicals and ballet . The musical theater's program includes such sophisticated productions as Georg Friedrich Handel's Alcina or Purcell's King Arthur . In addition, operas by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart , Giacomo Puccini , Giuseppe Verdi and Richard Wagner are performed, as well as contemporary operas by Giselher Klebe , Hans Werner Henze and Udo Zimmermann . The light muse is represented with operettas by Franz Lehár , Johann Strauss and Karl Millöcker and increasingly with musicals.
Under the direction of General Director Erich Wächter, some of the productions were relocated to the symphonic area in the 2001/02 season . In addition, the orchestra took part in festivals and large choral concerts, thereby demonstrating its versatility. In 2002 Richard Wagner's Lohengrin was performed and in the following years also Tannhäuser , Parsifal and Der Ring des Nibelungen . Wagner productions have a long tradition in Detmold, so Tannhäuser was already in the 1952/53 season, Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg 1953/54, The flying Dutchman 1954/55, Lohengrin 1955/56, Parsifal 1957/58 and Die Walküre in the Performed in the 1958/59 season.
Today's game operation
The Landestheater Detmold has five venues at its headquarters in Detmold: the Landestheater itself with 648 seats, the small stage in the Grabbe House with around 60 seats, the court theater in the inner courtyard with 250 seats, the Detmold summer theater with up to 349 seats, and since March In 2009 the children's and youth stage of the Detmold State Theater under the name “Young Theater KASCHLUPP!”. The made-up word was created by members of the former theater youth club from arbitrary syllables. Since the 2018/19 season this venue has been called “Das Junge Theater”.
The Landestheater Detmold is the largest travel theater in Europe. Half of the 300 or so performances during the season will be held outside Detmold. The Landestheater Detmold thus supplies cities and communities without their own ensemble with theater culture and is one of the so-called state theaters . The play area covers the entire state of North Rhine-Westphalia and also extends beyond the national borders, in the past to Hasselt in Belgium , Luxembourg and since 2014 once during the season to Winterthur in Switzerland .
The Landestheater Detmold operates as a four-part theater with opera, ballet, drama and young theater.
The following table gives an overview of the development of the number of visitors to the Landestheater Detmold by season . Both sold tickets and free tickets for all performances, including guest performances at other venues, are considered visitors. Subscriptions can entitle the holder to visit different numbers of performances. For the most part, it is rounded figures from press releases from the theater.
|Playtime||Visitors||thereof in Detmold||Subscribers|
|2014/15||47,500 (August 2014 to January 2015)|
|2015/16||156,000||56,000 (August 2015 to January 2016)||4,400|
- Georg Heckel , since 2018
- Kay Metzger , 2004–2018
- Ulf Reiher , 1987-2004
- Franz Wirtz , 1987
- Gerd Nienstedt , 1985–1987
- Otto Hans Böhm, 1969–1985
- Otto Will-Rasing , 1949–1969
- Karl Gaebler, 1946–1949
- Hans Kaufmann, 1945–1946
- Otto Will-Rasing , 1934–1944
- Emil Becker , 1921–1934
- Albert Berthold , 1895–1921
- Legal regulations for the Hochfürstl. Lippesche Hoftheater. Detmold 1828. (LLB Detmold)
- Legal regulations for the Hochfürstl. Lippesche Hoftheater. Appendix: Addendum to the existing theater laws. Detmold 1842. (LLB Detmold)
- Ralph Bollmann: Valkyrie in Detmold. A journey of discovery through the German province. Klett-Cotta, 2011, ISBN 978-3-608-94621-5 .
- Joachim Kleinmanns: The Detmold State Theater. (= Lippe cultural landscapes. Issue 42). Lippischer Heimatbund, Detmold 2019, ISBN 978-3-941726-67-3 .
- Landestheater Detmold: Landestheater Detmold - history. (No longer available online.) In: landestheater-detmold.de. April 7, 2017, archived from the original on April 7, 2017 ; accessed on January 31, 2019 (German).
- Heinrich von Kleist: Das Käthchen von Heilbronn. The Hermann Battle. Prince Friedrich von Homburg (= dtv complete edition, Vol. 3: Dramas. Third part ). Edited by Helmut Sembdner . Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1964, p. 296.
- Joachim Eberhardt: "A scary beautiful sight". Exhibition on the fire in the court theater 100 years ago , announced on the Internet site of the Lippische Landesbibliothek on December 19, 2012, accessed on January 4, 2013.
- The film "The Hermann Battle" (1924). In: Internet portal "Westphalian history". Accessed June 21, 2019 (German).
- Landestheater | History. (No longer available online.) In: www.landestheater-detmold.de. Archived from the original on November 10, 2009 ; accessed on June 13, 2019 (German).
- Landestheater Detmold: Landestheater Detmold - Orchestra. (No longer available online.) In: landestheater-detmold.de. June 15, 2015, archived from the original on June 15, 2015 ; accessed on January 31, 2019 .
- Lippische Landesbibliothek: Landestheater Detmold: program 2000–2009. Retrieved February 10, 2019 .
- Lippische Landesbibliothek: Landestheater Detmold: program 1950–1959. Retrieved February 10, 2019 .
- Theater of the Month April 2019. In: der-spielplan.de. Accessed December 15, 2019 (German).
- Seating plan - Detmold Summer Theater. In: detmolder-sommertheater.de. Accessed December 15, 2019 (German).
- KASCHLUPP boys theater! | Theater for young audiences NRW. Retrieved on February 10, 2019 (German).
- Landestheater Detmold: About the young theater - Landestheater Detmold. (No longer available online.) June 29, 2018, archived from the original on June 29, 2018 ; accessed on January 31, 2019 .
- Landestheater Detmold hopes for more money. (No longer available online.) In: wdr.de. June 20, 2018, archived from the original on June 20, 2018 ; accessed on February 20, 2019 .
- Jana Beckmann: Town twinning between Detmold and Hasselt celebrates 40 years. In: lz.de. Retrieved February 20, 2019 .
- Barbara Luetgebrune: 100-member delegation from the State Theater set off for Switzerland. In: lz.de. Retrieved February 20, 2019 .
- Frank Schröder: State theater very popular. (No longer available online.) In: www.radiolippe.de. December 20, 2007, archived from the original on June 14, 2019 ; accessed on June 14, 2019 (German).
- Hanna Thees: Varus-style game plan. (No longer available online.) In: www.radiolippe.de. June 5, 2008, archived from the original on June 14, 2019 ; accessed on June 14, 2019 (German).
- Barbara Luetgebrune: More visitors in the Detmold Landestheater. (No longer available online.) In: Lippische Landes-Zeitung. November 17, 2011, archived from the original on June 26, 2019 ; accessed on June 26, 2019 (German).
- Karin Lubowski: Theatergoers - the unknown beings. (No longer available online.) In: www.shz.de. April 17, 2013, archived from the original on June 14, 2019 ; accessed on June 14, 2019 (German).
- visitors to the State Theater. (No longer available online.) In: www.radiolippe.de. December 12, 2012, archived from the original on June 14, 2019 ; accessed on June 14, 2019 (German).
- Less minus. (No longer available online.) In: www.radiolippe.de. December 11, 2014, archived from the original on June 15, 2019 ; accessed on June 15, 2019 (German).
- Barbara Luetgebrune: "Vincent will sea" is the hit in the Detmold State Theater. (No longer available online.) In: Lippische Landes-Zeitung. March 2, 2016, archived from the original on June 14, 2019 ; accessed on June 14, 2019 (German).
- More visitors. (No longer available online.) In: www.radiolippe.de. December 13, 2017, archived from the original on June 14, 2019 ; accessed on June 14, 2019 (German).
- Landestheater Detmold: The Landestheater Detmold continues to be economically and artistically successful. (No longer available online.) In: www.lippe-news.de. December 15, 2017, archived from the original on June 14, 2019 ; accessed on June 14, 2019 (German).
- 95,000 visitors go to the Detmold State Theater. (No longer available online.) In: Lippische Landes-Zeitung. December 12, 2018, archived from the original on December 13, 2018 ; accessed on June 14, 2019 (German).
- Sven Koch: The Detmold State Theater is financially solid. In: Lippische Lande-Zeitung. December 12, 2019, accessed on December 14, 2019 (German): "A total of 93,073 spectators in Detmold attended performances by the State Theater - plus the guest performances there were 138,646 people."
- Barbara Luetgebrune: New director of the Landestheater Detmold has been established | Culture . In: Culture . ( lz.de [accessed October 17, 2018]).
- Barbara Luetgebrune: Kay Metzger on his ten years in Detmold and the "hussar coup" of a "little theater fool". (No longer available online.) In: Lippische Landes-Zeitung. September 4, 2014, archived from the original on June 13, 2019 ; accessed on June 13, 2019 (German).
- Otto Hans Böhm, Bruno Schamberg: Landestheater Detmold 1969 to 1985 . Ed .: Landestheater Detmold. Detmold 1985, p. 76 .
- Michael Dahl: Always a feast for mind and senses! 100 years of the Detmold State Theater . Ed .: Landestheater Detmold and Theater der Zeit. Theater der Zeit, Berlin 2019, ISBN 978-3-95749-237-1 , chronicle, p. 139 .
- Kevin Sommer: Detmold theater history around 1930. In: http://www.llb-detmold.de/ . Retrieved June 13, 2019 (German).