Georg August (Nassau-Idstein)
Georg August Samuel von Nassau-Idstein (born February 26, 1665 in Idstein , † October 26, 1721 in Biebrich ) was Count from 1677 and Prince of Nassau-Idstein from 1688 until his death . He mainly worked in Wiesbaden .
Georg August was just 12 years old when his father Johann died in 1677. The government was initially taken over by the two guardians Johann Caspar von Leiningen-Dagsburg, a brother of his mother, and Count Johann August von Solms. Georg August used this time to study in Giessen , Strasbourg and Paris , and later also in England and Brabant . He also got to know various European courts, and the Palace of Versailles particularly impressed him. In 1683 he took part in the defense of Vienna during the second Turkish siege . A year later, on his 18th birthday, he became the ruling count. On August 4, 1688, Emperor Leopold I made him prince because of his services to the liberation of Vienna and after paying a large sum of money .
On November 22, 1688 he married Princess Henriette Dorothea (born November 14, 1672 in Oettingen ; † May 23, 1728 in Wiesbaden), daughter of Prince Albrecht Ernst I of Oettingen-Oettingen and Christiane Friederike von Württemberg . He subsequently had a total of 12 children with her, of which, however, the three sons all died at an early age.
The city of Wiesbaden and the entire county of Nassau-Idstein suffered badly in the Thirty Years' War and the plague in 1675. Only a few dozen of the original 1,800 inhabitants of Wiesbaden were still alive. Under Georg August, both experienced an enormous upswing. He initiated a brisk construction activity. Among other things, he completed the residential palace in Idstein , laid out the Herrengarten and the pheasantry in Wiesbaden , had the previous building of the city palace rebuilt and expanded, and laid out a baroque garden on the banks of the Rhine in Biebrich . A first garden house was the cornerstone of what would later become Biebrich Castle , which was only completed after his death.
Georg August died of smallpox in 1721, as did his two youngest daughters . After his death, Nassau-Idstein fell to Karl Ludwig von Nassau-Saarbrücken († 1723 in Idstein) and Friedrich Ludwig von Nassau-Ottweiler († 1728). In 1728 Idstein and Wiesbaden became part of the Principality of Nassau-Usingen .
- The Georgenthal estate , which was founded as a Zehnthof and is now a hotel, was named after him. His wife Princess Henriette Dorothea von Oettingen was the namesake for the Henriettenthaler Hof .
- Friedrich Ernst (born August 27, 1689 in Idstein; † March 21, 1690 ibid), Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Idstein
- Christine Luise (born March 31, 1691 in Idstein; † April 13, 1723 in Aurich ), Princess of Nassau-Idstein, married on September 23, 1709 to Prince Georg Albrecht of East Friesland (June 13, 1690; † June 11, 1734 ), Son of Prince Christian Eberhard von Ostfriesland and Eberhardine Sophie zu Oettingen-Oettingen
- Charlotte Eberhardine (* July 16, 1692 in Idstein; † February 6, 1693 ibid), Princess of Nassau-Idstein
- Henriette Charlotte (born November 9, 1693 in Idstein; † April 8, 1734 in Delitzsch ), Princess of Nassau-Idstein, married on November 4, 1711 to Duke Moritz Wilhelm von Sachsen-Merseburg (born February 5, 1688 in Merseburg ; † April 21, 1731 ibid)
- Eleonore Charlotte (born November 28, 1696 in Idstein; † December 8, 1696 ibid), Princess of Nassau-Idstein
- Albertine Juliane (born March 29, 1698 in Idstein; † October 9, 1722 at Wilhelmsthal Castle near Eisenach ), Princess of Nassau-Idstein, married on February 14, 1713 to Duke Wilhelm Heinrich of Saxony-Eisenach (born November 10, 1691 in Oranienwald ; † July 26, 1741 at Wilhelmsthal Castle near Eisenach), son of Duke Johann Wilhelm von Sachsen-Eisenach and Princess Amalia von Nassau-Dietz
- Auguste Friederike (born August 17, 1699 in Idstein; † June 8, 1750 in Kirchheim ), Princess of Nassau-Idstein, married on August 17, 1723 to Prince Karl August von Nassau-Weilburg (born September 17, 1685 in Weilburg ; † 9 November 1753 ibid), son of Count Johann Ernst von Nassau-Weilburg and Countess Maria Polyxena von Leiningen
- Johannette Wilhelmine (born September 14, 1700 in Idstein; † June 2, 1756 in Brake ), Princess of Nassau-Idstein, married on October 16, 1719 to Prince Simon Heinrich Adolf zur Lippe-Detmold (born January 25, 1694 in Detmold ; † October 12, 1734 ibid), son of Count Friedrich Adolf zur Lippe-Detmold and Johanna Elisabeth von Nassau-Dillenburg- Schaumburg
- Friedrich August (born April 30, 1702 in Idstein; † January 30, 1703 ibid), Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Idstein
- Wilhelm Samuel (born February 14, 1704 in Idstein; † May 4, 1704 ibid), Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Idstein
- Elisabeth Franziska (born September 17, 1708 in Idstein; † November 7, 1721 ibid), Princess of Nassau-Idstein
- Luise Charlotte (born March 17, 1710 in Idstein, † November 4, 1721 in Biebrich), Princess of Nassau-Idstein
- Ernst Joachim: Georg August Samuel . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 8, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1878, p. 683.
- Gottfried Kiesow : The misunderstood century - The historicism at the example of Wiesbaden, ISBN 3-936942-53-6 , p. 16 f.
- Wiesbaden. History in pictures from Roman times to the present, Essen 1981, ISBN 3-922785-06-9 , p. 42 f.
- Baedeker Wiesbaden Rheingau, 2001, ISBN 3-87954-076-4 , p. 36
- Wiesbaden. History in pictures from Roman times to the present, Essen 1981, ISBN 3-922785-06-9 , p. 43
- Gottfried Kiesow: Architectural Guide Wiesbaden. The city of historicism, 2006, ISBN 978-3-936942-71-2 , p. 303
Count of Nassau-Idstein
from 1688 Prince
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Georg August Samuel of Nassau-Idstein|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German prince|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 26, 1665|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Idstein|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 26, 1721|
|Place of death||Wiesbaden-Biebrich|