The Brake Castle is a moated castle of the Weser Renaissance in Lemgo , North Rhine-Westphalia . It is the seat of the Lippe regional association . The Weser Renaissance Museum is also located in the castle .
The current state of the castle is the result of renovations and extensions. After 1190, nobleman Bernhard II. Zur Lippe had a stone castle built. Their dimensions were roughly the same as those of today's castle. In 1306 "castrum brac" was first mentioned in writing. It was the preferred seat of the noble lords (counts from 1528) on the Lippe . In 1447 the Soest feud was conquered and pillaged. Around 1500 Brake lost its importance due to the expansion of Detmold into the main residence. Around 1570 Brake was a widow's seat. Katharina von Waldeck, Simons V's widow, had the hall (south wing) modernized and the gatehouse renewed. Around 1587 Count Simon VI. zur Lippe Castle Brake became the seat of government and had the castle expanded in the Renaissance style in 1587 . The north wing with the ballroom was built as well as the tower with princely apartments.
In 1644 August zu Lippe-Brake was born in the castle. In 1663, Count Casimir zu Lippe-Brake had the east wing rebuilt to its present form. The south wing was also redesigned, the shepherd's gate was renewed, and the dairy and mills were also repaired. In the north of the castle, in today's Lindenhaus area , a representative baroque garden with orangery was created by Arend Otto and his son Johann Nevelin.
In 1805 the inventory of the castle was auctioned. In 1811 the dilapidated west wing was torn down. In 1819 apartments were built in the north wing. In 1825 the east wing took up the Princely Model Brewery. In 1830, the gatehouse from 1587 on the Schlossbrücke was demolished. From 1932 Schloss Brake was the seat of the Lemgo district administration and was taken over by the Lippe regional association after the regional reform and the dissolution of the Lemgo district in 1973 . A thorough renovation began in 1983. The Weser Renaissance Museum has been located in the castle since 1986 .
One of only three known occurrences of the wild tulip ( Tulipa sylvestris ) in North Rhine-Westphalia is located on the castle grounds . The population of this species, which is particularly protected under the Federal Species Protection Ordinance, is probably due to overgrown ornamental plants in a baroque garden.
- Eckehard Deichsel: Brake Castle. Landesburg - Residenzschloss - Administrative headquarters - Museum ( Lippe Cultural Landscapes , Issue 17). Detmold 2010
- Heinz Sauer: Castle and Castle Brake. 1000 years of building history (= Lippe studies . Volume 17 ). Institute for Lippe Regional Studies, Lemgo 2002, ISBN 3-936225-07-9 .
- ↑ Die Graf zur Lippe-Brake on www.lemgo-brake.de essentially based on Wilhelm Süvern: Brake, history of the castle and the community Brake in Lippe, Lemgo 1960.
- ↑ Rare vineyard tulips blooming at Brake Castle , website of the Landesverband Lippe, April 27, 2018
- Entry by Roland Pieper zu Brake in the scientific database " EBIDAT " of the European Castle Institute
- The Weser Renaissance Museum at Brake Castle
- Reconstruction drawing in the medieval state
- Westphalia regional: Brake Castle - the change from a natural area to the representative seat of government in Lippe
- Video on the historical development of Burg Brake from 1200 to 1500
- Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe: Gardens of Brake Castle in LWL geodata culture
Coordinates: 52 ° 1 ′ 16.7 ″ N , 8 ° 54 ′ 56.6 ″ E