List of Nassau rulers

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The following list of Nassau rulers names the counts, princes, dukes and kings from the House of Nassau , broken down according to the territories and states they govern.

Counts of Nassau (until 1255)

Here the Walram line is the older, but the Ottonian the more important line.

Walram line

In 1355 it was again divided into Nassau-Idstein , Nassau-Weilburg and Nassau-Sonnenberg.

Counts of Nassau-Sonnenberg (1355–1405)

In 1405 rulership fell equally to Nassau-Idstein and Nassau-Weilburg.

Counts of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein (1355–1509)

After the death of Johann on May 9, 1480, his sons Philip and Adolf III rule. together, Philipp in Idstein and Adolf in Wiesbaden. Adolf thus founds Nassau-Wiesbaden.

After his death, Idstein falls to Wiesbaden.

Counts of Nassau-Wiesbaden (1480–1605)

1509 falls to Nassau-Wiesbaden after the line from Nassau to Idstein has died out.

With the death of the young Johann Ludwig II, this line dies out. Nassau-Wiesbaden falls to Nassau-Weilburg.

Counts of Nassau-Weilburg (1355–1627)

In 1429 Philip I, Count of Nassau and Saarbrücken, Lord of Weilburg, etc. dies. He has two sons, Count Johann (1423–1472) and Count Philipp (1429). In 1442 Nassau-Weilburg was divided into Nassau-Weilburg and Nassau-Saarbrücken. The latter falls back to Nassau-Weilburg in 1574. After Nassau-Wiesbaden also fell back to Nassau-Weilburg in 1605, the countries of the Walram line were reunited. From 1627 to 1629 the brothers Wilhelm Ludwig, Johann and Otto rule together, after which the country is divided again. Count among others:

Counts and Princes of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1442–1799)

In 1381, after the Counts of Saarbrücken- Commercy died out , the County of Saarbrücken fell to the House of Nassau, on the Nassau-Weilburg line. After a temporary division (1547–1559), Nassau-Saarbrücken fell back to Nassau-Weilburg in 1574. 1627 renewed division into several lines (Idstein, Saarbrücken, Weilburg, Ottweiler), which die out in 1723 and 1728, respectively, whereby Nassau-Saarbrücken and Nassau-Ottweiler fall to Nassau-Usingen, which divides Saarbrücken again in 1735.

The first three lines thus represent secondary lines of the Nassau-Weilburg house, while the fourth line is a secondary line of the Nassau-Usingen house.

Older line Nassau-Saarbrücken

Since Philip I's father was also called Johann, although he never ruled in Saarbrücken, sometimes Johann II as Johann III. and Johann III. counted as John IV .

Nassau-Saarbrücken-Weilburg line

Younger line Nassau-Saarbrücken

Nassau-Saarbrücken-Usingen line

Princely counts from the Nassau-Usingen line

Wilhelm Heinrich of Nassau-Saarbrücken

Counts of Nassau-Idstein (1629–1721)

After 1721 Nassau-Idstein fell to Nassau-Ottweiler.

Counts of Nassau-Ottweiler (1640–1728)

This line inherits Nassau-Idstein in 1721 and Nassau-Saarbrücken in 1723. In 1728 it fell to Nassau-Usingen.

Counts of Nassau-Usingen (1640–1806)

This line inherits Idstein, Saarbrücken and Ottweiler in 1728. In 1735 Saarbrücken was divided up again. Nassau-Usingen (capital since 1734: Wiesbaden) is elevated to a duchy in 1806.

Counts and Princes of Nassau-Weilburg (1629–1816)

1688 Awarded the title of prince, which was only used from 1737. 1816 Merger of the Walram line and heir to the ducal office.

Dukes of Nassau (1806–1866)

  • Friedrich August (born April 23, 1738 in Usingen, † March 24, 1816 in Biebrich) Duke from 1806 to 1816, with him the Nassau-Usingen line died out.
  • Wilhelm I (born June 14, 1792 in Kirchheimbolanden; † August 20, 1839 in Bad Kissingen), Duke from 1816 to 1839, son of Friedrich Wilhelm von Nassau-Weilburg
  • Adolph (* July 24, 1817 at Biebrich Castle; † November 17, 1905 at Hohenburg Castle , Bavaria), son of the previous one; Duke from 1839 until depossession on September 20, 1866.

Grand Dukes of Luxembourg (1890–1912)

After the Ottonian line became extinct, Luxembourg fell to the Walram line, while in the Netherlands the female line of succession also applies. In 1912, with Wilhelm IV, the entire Nassau house died out in the male line.

  • Adolph I, ruled 1890–1905, previously Duke of Nassau (until 1866)
  • Wilhelm IV. , Ruled 1905–1912, son of the previous one
  • For continuation of the series, see Grand Dukes of Luxembourg

Ottonian line

His sons together until 1303

1303 Division into Dillenburg , Hadamar and Siegen .

Counts of Nassau-Dillenburg (1303-1328)

Falls to Nassau-Siegen in 1328, which is then called Nassau-Dillenburg.

Counts of Nassau-Hadamar (1303-1394)

Falls to Nassau-Dillenburg in 1394.

Counts of Nassau-Beilstein (1343–1561)

Founded in 1343 through the division of Nassau-Dillenburg

It falls back to Nassau-Dillenburg in 1561.

Counts of Nassau-Siegen (1303-1328)

In 1328 he inherits Nassau-Dillenburg and is named after it from then on.

Counts of Nassau-Dillenburg (1328–1606)

Formerly Nassau victories. In 1341 Nassau-Beilstein divides from this. 1561 Union of the Ottonian line after the inheritance of Nassau-Beilstein. The Nassau-Breda branch line (from 1475) became Princes of Orange (see below).

Counts of Nassau-Breda (1475–1538)

  • Engelbert II. (1475–1504), brother of Count Johann V von Nassau-Dillenburg.
  • Henry III. (1504–1538), son of Count Johann V von Nassau-Dillenburg.

Prince of Orange and Count of Nassau-Breda (1538–1702)

1702 inherits the Nassau-Diez Oranien line .

Governor of the Netherlands (1538–1702)

Kings of England (1689–1702)

  • William III. (1689–1702), also Prince of Orange and governor of the Netherlands.

After the death of Count Johann VI. of the elder of Nassau-Dillenburg , the Ottonian lands are divided again, while the Dutch possessions remain in the Nassau-Breda / Orange line.

Counts of Nassau-Hadamar (1607–1650) and Princes of Nassau-Hadamar (1650–1743)

Princely in 1650, divided in 1711, to Nassau-Diez in 1743 .

Counts of Nassau-Siegen (1607–1664) (reformed) and Princes of Nassau-Siegen (1664–1734) (reformed)

1623 division of a Catholic line, princes in 1664, Catholic line in 1734.

Counts of Nassau-Siegen (Catholic) (1623–1652) and Princes of Nassau-Siegen (Catholic) (1652–1743)

Princely in 1652, to Nassau-Diez in 1743

Counts of Nassau-Dillenburg (1607–1620)

Wilhelm Ludwig of Nassau-Dillenburg (1560–1620)

Counts of Nassau-Beilstein (1607–1620)

1620 heir to Nassau-Dillenburg, whose name this line bears from then on.

Georg , Count of Nassau-Beilstein (1562–1623) inherits Nassau-Dillenburg after the death of his brother Wilhelm Ludwig and combines this with Nassau-Beilstein.

Counts of Nassau-Dillenburg (1620–1654) and Princes of Nassau-Dillenburg (1654–1739)

Elevated to the rank of imperial prince in 1654

  • 1606–1623 Georg (1562–1623)
  • 1623–1662 Ludwig Heinrich (1594–1662) to 1626 together with his brother Albrecht (1596–1626)
  • 1654–1676 Adolf (1629–1676) to 1662 together with his father Ludwig Heinrich
  • 1676–1701 Heinrich (1641–1701)
  • 1701–1724 Wilhelm II. (1670–1724)
  • 1724–1739 Christian (1688–1739)

1739 to Nassau-Diez

Counts of Nassau-Diez (1607–1655) and Princes of Nassau-Diez (1655–1806)

Prince of Orange (1713-1815)

Nassau-Diez has also had the title of Prince of Orange since 1713, but the Principality of Orange falls to France in the same year.

Governor of the Netherlands (1747–1795)

King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1815–1890)

See also