Hanns Moritz von Brühl

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Hans Moritz Graf Brühl, painting by Anton Graff , 1796

Hans Moritz Christian Maximilian Clemens Graf Brühl (born July 26, 1746 in Dresden , † January 31, 1811 in Seifersdorf ) was a Saxon nobleman and manor owner at Seifersdorf Castle , translator and draftsman, later Prussian director of the Chausseen / Prussian State Exhibition Center and is in this Function in Prussian history as Chausee-Brühl . He should not be confused with his cousin of the same name, Hans Moritz von Brühl .


Brühl was the youngest son of the famous Prime Minister Heinrich Graf Brühl and Maria Anna, nee. Countess von Kolowrat -Krakowsky. Between 1754 and 1764 he studied in Leipzig and Strasbourg and went on educational and social trips to Vienna , Paris and Warsaw . Due to the death of his father (1763) and the ensuing dispute between the Saxon state and the family over property, Brühl was forced to take on a paid job. In 1763 he became a lieutenant colonel in the Saxon army, still under the patronage of his father, he took a leave of absence and switched to French services in 1766. During this time he translated French military writings into German and illustrated them with copperplate engravings.

In 1771 he married the later writer and garden designer Johanne Margarethe Christina Schleyerweber , with whom he had the son Carl Friedrich Moritz Paul . At the same time he resigned from the French service. Since in the long run a befitting lifestyle could not be realized without a professional income, Brühl tried for years to get a paid position.

In 1775 he moved into the manor house on the manor in Seifersdorf (Wachau) near Radeberg together with his wife Christina von Brühl and his little son Carl von Brühl . At that time the castle was not habitable for the rulers. From 1790 he had Seifersdorf Castle redesigned according to plans by the Genelly brothers, but was not finished with it. It was not until his son Carl had the palace finally rebuilt according to Schinkel's plans. Schinkel was in Seifersdorf in 1817.

In 1791 he managed to get King Friedrich Wilhelm II to appoint him as the first General Inspector of the Intendantur of the Prussian highways in the Kurmark and Pomerania, which made him in fact the master of all Prussian highways. He held this office for twenty years until his death and thus shaped the early Prussian road construction. The Chaussee Berlin-Potsdam and Potsdam-Magdeburg was built under his responsibility.

Like his Prussian employer, Brühl had spiritualistic and esoteric inclinations and was a fan of Mesmer's magnetism, which was fashionable at the time. In 1772 he was accepted by the Dresden lodge "To the three golden swords" . Brühl maintained contacts with the Weimar dynasty and the circle of artists around Goethe and Schiller . A lively correspondence ensued, which his wife Christina von Brühl in particular fostered. Both were guests in Karlsbad in 1785, where Goethe was also staying. On the occasion of the Count's birthday on July 26th, Goethe wrote the "Bänkelsängerlied", which 160 years later (1945/1946) led to major disputes after the expropriation of the last Seifersdorfer Countess Agnes von Brühl.

Monuments designed by Christina von Brühl in the Seifersdorfer Valley were celebrated with a festival on the count's birthday on July 26th. Today there are two programs which u. a. Music by Hofkapellmeister Naumann contained, still available.

His drawing talent reached so far beyond amateurish hobby that one of his landscapes was presented in 1793 at the Berlin academy exhibition. He sketched some parts of the Seifersdorfer valley designed by his wife . The couple cultivated an artistic, literary and musical social life. Brühl was described by his contemporaries as an educated, entertaining, humorous and sociable person.

Hans Moritz and Tina von Brühl's crypt slab in the Seifersdorfer Church

He died in Seifersdorf in 1811 and was buried in the church's crypt.

The communities Ottendorf and Schönborn near Dresden belonged to the Seifersdorf manor. After his death, his son Carl von Brühl tried to have part of today's Ottendorf-Okrilla near Dresden renamed Moritzdorf around 1826.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Book: "Karl von Brühl and his parents" by Hans von Krosigk, ES Mittler & Sohn, royal bookstore Berlin 1910
  2. ^ Book: "Karl von Brühl and his parents" by Hans von Krosigk, ES Mittler & Sohn, royal bookstore Berlin 1910
  3. Book: "One of the two must be removed as soon as possible" Expertise of the Saxon State Center for Political Education, pages 111–125
  4. ^ SLUB Dresden: The archive of the counts Brühl Seifersdorf family, MSCR Dresd. App. 514