Palace garden (Karlsruhe)

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Aerial view of the palace gardens

The Karlsruhe Palace Gardens , also known as Castle Park, is just north of the castle situated landscaped park in the center of Karlsruhe . It represents an extension of the castle grounds to the north, serves as a recreational area for the population and is regularly used for events.


Location of the palace gardens in the center of Karlsruhe

The palace garden is located at the center of the radial Karlsruhe city plan on the north side of the palace in the former area of ​​the Hardtwald , which is connected to the garden to the north. It is part of the landscape protection area (LSG) Nördliche Hardt , which extends to the city limits and merges into the LSG Hardtwald north of Karlsruhe in the neighboring district of Karlsruhe . A 15-kilometer-long protected park and forest area, which is also designated as the Hardtwald FFH area between Graben and Karlsruhe , begins right next to Karlsruhe city center . Approx. 500 meters of this belong to the palace gardens.

The Deer Gate on the east side of the park

The irregular shape of the palace garden is limited by a stone wall or aha . In the south the garden borders on the castle, in the south-west on the botanical garden . In the west and north, the castle garden has a circular border with the Ahaweg. The eastern boundary runs straight as an extension of Friedrichstaler Allee and on the southern section in a circle around the castle. To the east of the palace garden is the pheasant garden.

The typical fan shape of Karlsruhe can only partially be found in the palace garden. Richard-Willstätter-Allee, Blankenlocher Allee, Blaue Strahl and Moltkestrasse (formerly Mühlburger Allee ) run as rays from the castle tower through the castle garden. More rays begin outside the garden. The south campus of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and the Federal Constitutional Court are located in the immediate vicinity of the palace gardens .

All-round view of Karlsruhe Palace with the palace garden on the edges of the picture


The creation of the palace gardens goes back to Margrave Karl Wilhelm , who founded Karlsruhe in 1715. At first, unusual for the 18th century , a baroque garden was laid out not behind but in front of the castle . Exotic plants, especially tulips , were planted on today's Schlossplatz . From 1731 to 1746 the court gardener Christian Thran laid out today's palace garden in the French baroque style behind the palace.

Karl Wilhelm's successor, his grandson Grand Duke Karl Friedrich , took over the government in 1746 and had areas of the garden redesigned by the court gardeners Johann Bernhard Saul and Philipp Ludwig Müller. Between 1767 and 1773 the western part was laid out as a Chinese garden, the center of which was a garden house. A terrace overlooked an artificially created valley. The valley and a cave have been preserved from the complex and border the orangery .


From 1787 Friedrich Schweickardt took over the redesign of the palace garden to an English landscape garden . In 1789 a joiner's workshop was set up in the palace garden. At the end of the 18th century the garden was temporarily open to the citizens, but some regulations applied. For example, it was forbidden to smoke tobacco and let pigs and geese roam freely on the promenades.

From 1808 the botanical garden was laid out. In 1856, the rear palace garden began to be redesigned by the court gardener Karl Mayer, and the palace garden lake was created between 1864 and 1873. In 1884 the Weinbrenner Temple was relocated from the Hereditary Prince Garden to the north-western area of ​​the palace garden.

Pavilion for the 300th anniversary of the city

On the occasion of the Federal Horticultural Show in 1967 , the palace garden was renewed and further developed in the style of an English landscape park. The Schlossgartensee was also redesigned and the Schlossgartenbahn was put into operation. Originally it was planned to only operate the railway during the Federal Garden Show, but it was not dismantled afterwards.

In 2001, a band of 1645 blue majolica tiles was laid from the castle tower to the majolica factory located on the northwestern edge of the castle garden , on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the factory.

In 2015, many events took place in the palace garden as part of the 300th birthday of the city. A wooden pavilion designed by Jürgen Mayer H. was erected as a temporary structure for this purpose .



The large part of the palace garden is laid out as an English landscape garden. There are large meadows and numerous groups of trees, a lake and a 2.7 kilometer long castle garden railway . The park is a cultural monument according to the transitional regulation in § 28 of the Baden-Württemberg Monument Protection Act and houses other protected individual monuments:

The newer design includes the “Blue Ray”, a band of blue majolica tiles between the castle tower and the majolica factory, and a bronze chair by Stefan Strumbel that was installed in 2015 .


The castle garden is accessible as a recreational area. The lawns may be entered. With its size, central location and well-kept design, it regularly serves as an event location for sometimes large and multi-day events:

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Karlsruhe: City newspaper. Festival summer: powerful beats in the palace gardens. City of Karlsruhe, July 24, 2015, accessed on September 27, 2015 .
  2. ^ Ordinance of the Karlsruhe Mayor's Office on the Nördliche Hardt landscape protection area . City of Karlsruhe, accessed on July 27, 2015 .
  3. Profile of the FFH area in the LUBW's list of protected areas , accessed on October 23, 2015
  4. ^ Environmental data and maps online (UDO) of the LUBW , accessed on October 23, 2015
  5. Street names in Karlsruhe. (No longer available online.) Property Office Karlsruhe, archived from the original on May 22, 2015 ; accessed on July 21, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  6. ^ Jutta Dresch: Karlsruhe: city history. Karlsruhe Palace - architectural history and urban layout . City of Karlsruhe, accessed on September 27, 2015 .
  7. ^ Karlsruhe: Living and Working. Castle garden. City of Karlsruhe, accessed on September 25, 2015 .
  8. Gerhard Kabierske: Look into the story No. 62. A bear cave in the castle garden? City of Karlsruhe, March 19, 2004, accessed on September 25, 2015 .
  9. ↑ City Chronicle Karlsruhe. Castle garden. City of Karlsruhe, accessed on September 25, 2015 .
  10. ^ Karlsruhe: City history. Sculptures and temples in the palace gardens and botanical gardens. City of Karlsruhe, accessed on September 26, 2015 .
  11. ^ Karlsruhe: Kulturdenkmal Schlossgarten (Flst. 1) , accessed on October 23, 2015
  12. ^ Karlsruhe: City newspaper. City birthday: attraction at the castle. City of Karlsruhe, June 26, 2015, accessed on September 26, 2015 .
  13. ^ Karlsruhe: calendar of events. Aida. City of Karlsruhe, accessed on September 26, 2015 .
  14. ^ Karlsruhe Beer Exchange. (No longer available online.) KTG Karlsruhe Tourismus GmbH, archived from the original on September 28, 2015 ; Retrieved September 26, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /


Web links

Commons : Schlossgarten (Karlsruhe)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 49 ° 0 ′ 52.7 ″  N , 8 ° 24 ′ 16 ″  E