She came from a line of the MacDonald clan . Flora MacDonald became famous when she helped Charles Edward Stuart ("Bonnie Prince Charlie") to escape after his defeat in the Battle of Culloden . She initially hid him and then rowed across the sea to the Isle of Skye with the prince, who was disguised as the maid "Betty Burke" . On September 20, 1746, Charles Edward Stuart managed to secretly embark and sail to France in the area of Moidart , where his expedition had started a little over a year earlier . On January 31, 1788, Prince Charlie, who had never made contact with Flora MacDonald again, died in Rome .
Flora MacDonald married in 1750 and resided in the United States from 1773 to 1779 with her husband, who was in British military service . After American independence, the family returned to Scotland, where Flora MacDonald died in 1790 after a serious illness. Thousands attended her funeral at Kilmuir on the Isle of Skye. In 1880 a high cross was erected over her grave , on which the following words are carved:
A name that will be mentioned in History,
and if Courage and Fidelity be virtues,
mentioned with Honor.
Flora Mac Donald
Your name will go down in history,
and as long as loyalty and valor are virtues
, its sound will be honorable.
A statue in memory of Flora MacDonald stands in Inverness , the "Capital of the Highlands", in front of the castle that towers over the city.
- Macdonald, Flora . In: Encyclopædia Britannica . 11th edition. tape 17 : Lord Chamberlain - Mecklenburg . London 1911, p. 209 (English, full text [ Wikisource ]).
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||NicDhòmhnaill, Fionnghal|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||British noblewoman and heroine of the Jacobites|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1722|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||South Uist (Hebrides Island), Scotland|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 5, 1790|
|Place of death||Kingsburgh, Skye|