First Carnatic War
The First Karnataka War (also: First Karnataka War ) was a British-French colonial war in India in the course of the conflict of the War of the Austrian Succession in 1744–1748 . Most of the fighting took place in the Karnatik region, which during colonial times was the area between the Eastern Ghats and the Coromandel Coast in the north of what is now the state of Tamil Nadu .
By the mid-18th century, France and the Kingdom of Great Britain had become the main rivals on the Indian subcontinent. During the War of the Austrian Succession, Joseph François Dupleix , the French Governor General , tried to conquer bases of the British East India Company in order to gain more influence.
The British, in turn, tried unsuccessfully to take Pondichéry , the headquarters of the French. Instead, the French managed to conquer Madras on September 21, 1746 under Admiral Bertrand François Mahé de La Bourdonnais . Madras was the capital of the British Madras Presidency at the time - which comprised most of southern India. Robert Clive , who later played a major role in establishing British power in India, was captured. La Bourdonnais left Madras for a contribution of 9 million livres . Dupleix opposed this and had La Bourdonnais arrested.
The Second Aachen Peace , signed on October 18, 1748, ended the fighting. He regulated the reciprocal return of the conquests between Great Britain and France. However, the conflict flared up again a short time later in the Second Carnatic War .
- Boris Mollo: The Indian Army. Blandford Press, Poole 1981, ISBN 0-7137-1074-8 .
- vintage-maps.com: A Plan of Madras and Fort St. George (English), accessed on September 19, 2010.