François-André Vincent

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Adélaïde Labille-Guiard : Portrait of François-André Vincent, oil on canvas, 1795

François-André Vincent (born December 30, 1746 in Paris ; † August 4, 1816 there ) was a French draftsman and painter .


François-André Vincent was the son of coming from Geneva, based in Paris and as a teacher at the Académie de Saint-Luc make miniaturist François-Elie Vincent (1708-1790).

Although Vincent's father initially intended him for a banking career, he gave him drawing lessons and, after he had convinced himself of his vocation to painting, let him enter the studio of Joseph-Marie Vien . As his pupil Vincent achieved the second price of the Grand Prix in 1766 for the oil painting Queen Thomyris with the severed head of Cyrus ; Then in 1768 the Prix ​​de Rome (for Germanicus, dampening the turmoil in his camp ) and continued his education from 1771 with Charles-Joseph Natoire . Then he went on a trip to Italy until 1775 , where he was accepted in Rome as a subsidized pensioner in the Villa Mancini of the Académie de France there. In 1776 he returned to France. In 1790 Vincent became court painter to the French King Louis XVI. and two years later appointed professor at the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture . Together with Jacques-Louis David and Jean-Honoré Fragonard , he belonged to the neoclassical movement in French art .

Between 1792 and 1796 Vincent lived with his former student and partner Adélaïde Labille-Guiard in a jointly acquired house in the Seine-et-Marne department . Due to the new marriage law, she was able to divorce her husband, the tax officer Nicolas Giuard, in 1793. On June 8, 1800, he married his childhood friend. However, the marriage lasted just under three years, since Madame Vincent, as she was now called, died in Paris in 1803. At the end of his life he could hardly paint because of health problems. He died in Paris in 1816 and found his final resting place in the Père Lachaise cemetery (Division 11).

Student (selection)


Web links

Commons : François-André Vincent  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Vincent, François-Elie. In: Sikart
  2. Adolphe Siret: Dictionnaire historique des peintres de toutes les écoles , Périchon, 1866, p. 975 ( online )