Jean-Honoré Fragonard

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Self-portrait around 1760–1770

Jean-Honoré Fragonard [ʒã onoˈʀe fʀaɡoˈnɑʀ] (born April 5, 1732 in Grasse ( Alpes-Maritimes ), † August 22, 1806 in Paris ) was a French painter, draftsman and etcher of the Rococo at the time of the Ancien Régime .

He was a student of François Boucher and developed his painting style conceptually. Fragonard then continued his education in Rome and after his return became a member of the academy through his image Koresos and Kallirrhoe . In accordance with the prevailing taste, he left the subject of historical painting entirely and became a painter of eroticism and the serene enjoyment of life in the style of Antoine Watteau . Along with Boucher and Watteau, he is one of the three masters of the French Rococo.

During the French Revolution , he lost the fortune he had acquired through numerous easel and decorative paintings and died in poverty and oblivion, since he was unable to successfully join the new classical direction. His pictures were reproduced by the most famous engravers of his time; He also created copperplate engravings based on his own motifs and based on Tintoretto , Giovanni Lanfranco , Sebastiano Ricci , Annibale Carracci , Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and others.

His son Alexandre-Évariste Fragonard became a sculptor and painter, his cousin Honoré Fragonard was an anatomist and taxidermist .

Fragonard's working style is characterized by a flaky and relaxed way of painting (similar to Tiepolo). As a result, his figures appear less porcelain-like and more lively than the Bouchers. In part, his rough brushwork is reminiscent of works by Frans Hals and, as in his case, points to Impressionism .

The asteroid (8235) Fragonard has been named after him since 1999.


  • Jean-Pierre Cuzin: Fragonard. Life and Work, œuvre catalog of the paintings , Klinkhart & Biermann, Munich 1988, ISBN 3-7814-0275-4
  • Virgile Josz: Fragonard. Mœurs du XVIII siècle , Soc. du Mercure de France, Paris 1901
  • Felix Naquet: Fragonard , (Les artistes célèbres; Vol. 29), Librairie de l'art, Paris 1890
  • Roger Portalis: Fragonard. Sa vie et son œuvre , Rothschild, Paris 1899
  • Mary D. Sheriff: Fragonard. Art and eroticism , University Press, Chicago, Ill. 1990, ISBN 0-226-75273-9
  • David Wildenstein (Ed.): The complete works of Fragonard , Kunstkreis, Luzern 1976, ISBN 3-263-03245-3
  • Martin Schieder: Jean-Honoré Fragonard and the Paris art market in the outgoing ancien régime , in: Kritischeberichte 21-3 / 1993, pp. 10-20.


Web links

Commons : Jean-Honoré Fragonard  - collection of images, videos and audio files