Annibale Carracci

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Self-Portrait (1593)

Annibale Carracci (* before November 3, 1560 in Bologna , † July 15, 1609 in Rome ) was an Italian painter and engraver . In addition to Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio , he is considered the founder of Italian baroque painting .


Agostino Carracci's brother was originally destined to be a tailor, he learned painting from his cousin Lodovico Carracci in Parma , where he stayed for three years from 1580, he studied Correggio most diligently, then in Venice Titian , Tintoretto and especially Paolo Veronese . After he returned to Bologna, he developed a great activity, created frescoes with Lodovico and Agostino in the Palazzi Fava , Magnani , in churches etc. and at the same time completed many oil paintings.

Called to Rome by Cardinal Odoardo Farnese (* December 6, 1573; † February 21, 1626) in 1595 , he executed mythological frescoes in the palace , using Michelangelo's frescoes in the Sistine Chapel as a model. His works were distinguished by their noble composition, dignified drawing and magnificent coloring. By studying the compositions of Raphael and Michelangelo, he had acquired a larger style.

For eight years he worked on these frescoes with the help of his brother and his students. According to legend, fell Carracci, which at that time the highest recognition of the art educated world was bestowed, the low price of 500 crowns for the work on the frescoes in melancholy and illness, which he after a short stay in Naples , where he intended to recover, at 14 . or 15 July 1609 died in Rome. Carracci found his resting place in the Pantheon at Raphael's side.

Commemorative coin

Lamentation of Christ
  • Italy, 10-Euro 2009, Rome, on the 400th anniversary of death, 925-fine silver, 34 mm, edition: 9,000 pieces


There are numerous paintings by him in Bologna, Rome, Naples, Paris, London, Dresden, Berlin, Vienna and other places. At first Carracci also engraved copper; later, however, he etched various sheets which, despite their delicate appearance - due to the technique of etching - create a strong overall effect.

Unlike his brother, Carracci was a poorly educated man, but an artist whose main contribution to the eclectic school was . The boldness and security of his drawing is to be admired, and as reflective, academic and raw as it sometimes appears, it often surprises with a happy naivete and an almost Correggio- worthy colourfulness.

There was a great deal of engraving after him , especially after his numerous drawings. Simon Guillain etched, with the help of Alessandro Algardi, Die Ausrufer von Bologna (Le arti di Bologna) in 78 sheets (Rome 1646, later edition 1740); same also Giuseppe Maria Mitelli (Bologna 1660). The Farnese gallery has appeared often (by Carlo Cesio , Pietro Aquila and others), as well as Elementi del disegno , 30 sheets ( François de Poilly ).



  • Hans Tietze : Annibale Carracci's gallery in the Palazzo Farnese and his Roman workshop in: In: Yearbook of the Art History Collections in Vienna. Volume 26, Issue 2, Vienna, 1906.
  • Roberto Zapperi : Annibale Carracci. Portrait of a young artist . Wagenbach, Berlin 1990, ISBN 978-3-8031-3557-5
  • Henry Keazor : "Il vero modo". The Carracci's painting reform . Gebrüder Mann Verlag, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-7861-2561-7

Web links

Commons : Annibale Carracci  - collection of images, videos and audio files