Music year 1746

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Music year 1746
Johann Sebastian Bach
Johann Sebastian Bach 1746, with riddle canon (oil painting by Elias Gottlob Haußmann )


Johann Sebastian Bach

georg Friedrich Handel

  • George Frideric Handel has lived in London at 25 Brook Street since July / August 1723 and lived here on two floors until his death in 1759. Almost all works created since 1723 are composed in this house. Preparations for the performances often take place in the Handel dining room .
  • From 1743 to 1752 Handel composed a continuous series of one or two new oratorios per season, most of them on themes from the Old Testament. Aristocratic circles are still trying to bring Handel down for some time. “The entire opera company is in a rage over Handel,” notes a contemporary . In contrast to the times of aristocratic opera, he has no competition as an oratorio composer, but his opponents organize balls and banquets in the evenings of his performances to harm him.
  • February 14th : An Occasional Oratorio , an oratorio by George Frideric Handel based on a libretto by Newburgh Hamilton based on a poem by John Milton and Edmund Spenser , is premiered in London at the Theater Royal, Covent Garden.

Domenico Scarlatti

  • Domenico Scarlatti is the Portuguese princess Maria Bárbara de Bragança , whom he met at the court of the pious and extravagant King John V in Lisbon and taught as a music teacher, after her marriage to the Spanish heir to the throne Don Fernando of Asturias (from 1746 King Ferdinand VI. ) followed to Spain. From October 1730 to May 16, 1733, the Alcázares Reales in Seville was his permanent residence and place of work. Then the farm moves north to the area around Madrid , where, depending on the season, it alternates between the castles of Buen Retiro , El Pardo , Aranjuez , La Granja and El Escorial . Scarlatti is probably still in the "private" service of Maria Bárbara and seems to devote himself almost exclusively to the harpsichord and the composition of his sonatas.
  • Scarlatti has been married to his second wife, Anastasia Ximénez, from Cádiz at the latest since 1742.

Georg Philipp Telemann

  • Georg Philipp Telemann has been Cantor Johannei and Director Musices of the city of Hamburg since 1721 , one of the most respected musical offices in Germany. In this position Telemann undertook to compose two cantatas per week and one passion per year, but in later years he would fall back on earlier works for his cantatas. He also composes numerous pieces of music for private and public occasions, such as memorial days and weddings.
  • Telemann's brother Heinrich Matthias Telemann, born in 1672, died in 1746 as an Evangelical Lutheran pastor in Wormstedt near Apolda .

Other biographical events

Johann Mattheson (copper engraving by Johann Jacob Haid 1746 after Johann Salomon Wahl )

World premieres

Stage works



Of the large number of fortepiano that Gottfried Silbermann made, only three have survived. One is in the concert hall of Sanssouci Palace (Freiberg, 1746).

Chamber music


  • Rudolf Straube (1717–1785) - 2 lute sonatas

Viola da gamba



Keyboard music


Vocal music



Popular music

  • Burke Thumoth - 12 English and 12 Irish Airs with Variations (London)


  • Anonymous - The Compleat Tutor for the French Horn (London)
  • William Tans'ur - A New Musical Grammar

Instrument making

  • After three years of construction (1743–1746), Zacharias Hildebrandt completed his largest organ with 53 registers. It is located in the St. Wenzel town church in Naumburg (Saale) . On September 27, 1746, after a four-day test, the joint acceptance test by Gottfried Silbermann and Johann Sebastian Bach takes place . Hildebrandt had resorted to advice from Bach for the disposition .
  • Between the organ builders Gottfried Silbermann and Zacharias Hildebrandt there was a reconciliation in a protracted dispute by 1746 at the latest. Silbermann, who had accepted Zacharias Hildebrandt as an apprentice in 1713 , although Hildebrandt could not pay any apprenticeship fees, had contractually obliged Hildebrandt not to work anything after the training "in Sachßen and Alsace in any way, to the detriment of him [= Silbermann]" . When Hildebrandt did not keep to the agreement, a long legal battle broke out between the competitors in the early 1720s. Elector Friedrich August I (August the Strong) decided in 1724 that Hildebrandt was only allowed to take on those orders that Silbermann had previously rejected.


Exact date of birth unknown


Died around 1746

See also

Portal: Music  - Overview of Wikipedia content on music

Web links

Commons : Music 1746  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files
Commons : Opera Libretti 1746  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files