Murata Harumi

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Portrait of Murata Harumi by Tani Buncho

Murata Harumi ( Japanese 村田 春 海 , Murata Taira ; Nishigorinoya ; * 1746 ; † March 7, 1812 ) was a Japanese Kokugaku scholar and poet.

Live and act

The second son of a fishmonger was a student of Kamo no Mabuchi , studied Chinese literature with Hattori Chūei , Udono Shinei and Minagawa Kien and also emerged as a poet himself. After the death of his older brother, he took over the family business and became one of the jūhachi daitsū ( 十八 大通 , "Eighteen Great Men"), the group of Edo's most successful businessmen.

His lavish lifestyle led to the ruin of the family business. In the following years, Harumi continued his Kokugaku studies with the support of Katō Chikage and Matsudaira Sadanobu and became a sought-after teacher whose students u. a. Kiyomizu Hamaomi , Kishimoto Yuzuru , Shimizu Hamaomi, and Oyamada Tomokiyo counted. With his friend Katō Chikage he was one of the leading representatives of the Edo school of Kokugaku (Edo-ha). He wrote literary works, including Wagaku taigai (Great Study of Japanese Literature), Gojūon bengo (Treatise on the Fifty Wrong Readings) and Nishigorinoya zuihitsu (Nishigorinoya's essays ).