Moshe Chaim Luzzatto

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Moshe Chaim Luzzatto (רַבִּי מֹשֶׁה חַיִּים לוּצַטּוֹ or לוצאטו), also known by the acronym RaMCHaL (רַמחַ״ל, Ra bbi M oshe Cha im L uzzatto) (* 1707 in Padua ; † May 16, 1746 in Akko ), is considered one of the most important Jewish philosophers and Kabbalists of his century and as a pioneer of the New Hebrew ( Haskala ) literature.

His reputation as a Kabbalist and ethicist is based on his two works Derech HaSchem and above all Mesillat Jescharim . He also wrote poems in Hebrew and three plays. His collection of 150 religious hymns , written following the Psalter , as well as many of his (especially occasional) poems and a large number of Kabbalistic writings seem to be lost forever.

Since his work in the area of ​​the Jewish community aroused strong criticism and even persecution on the basis of the suspicion of being a follower of Sabbetai Zwi , he moved with his family to Amsterdam in 1735 . In 1743 he traveled to Palestine and settled in Akko. There he probably died of the plague . His tomb is in Tiberias .

Works (selection)

Tomb of Chaim Luzzatto's mosque
  • Leschon Limmudim , 1723 (work on Hebrew rhetoric)
  • Maase Schimschon , 1724 ("The Story of Simsons", rather secular verse drama)
  • Migdal Oz , 1727 ("Mighty Tower", drama)
  • Derech HaSchem , "The Way of God"
  • La-Jescharim Tehilla (" Grace to the righteous"), allegorical drama
  • Mesillat Yescharim , "The Path of the Upright" (his main ethical work, Amsterdam 1740)
  • Da'at T'vunot (presentation of critical concepts of Kabbalism)
  • Zohar Tinjana ("The Second Zohar ")

Literature (selection)

Web links

Commons : Moshe Chaim Luzzatto  - collection of images, videos and audio files