Calendar overview 1524
|Thomas Müntzer gives his sermon to the princes .||Giovanni da Verrazzano goes on a voyage of discovery to America.|
Ittingen storm with the destruction of the Ittingen Charterhouse
is a harbinger of the German Peasant War .
|1524 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||972/973 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||5th tubes - Macuilli Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 4th rabbit - Nahui Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||2067/68 (southern Buddhism); 2066/67 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||70th (71st) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||886/887 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3857/58 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||930/931 (turn of the year October 28/29)|
|Jewish calendar||5284/85 (August 28-29)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1834/35 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1835/36 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1580/81 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
German Peasants' War
- June 23rd : During the German Peasants 'War , the first farmers' survey took place in the Wutach Valley near Stühlingen .
- July 18 : The Ittingen storm with the destruction of the Ittingen Charterhouse in the Old Confederation is a harbinger of the peasant unrest in the Holy Roman Empire .
- October 2nd : The farmers in western Hegau join forces and move through the country in the following days. Widespread dissatisfaction in other regions leads to the emergence of the Peasants' War , which will affect large parts of southern and central Germany in the coming months.
Further events in the empire
- April 4 : The Bundestag passes the first 18-point Ilanz articles , which mean a complete reorganization of the state law of the Free State of the Three Leagues and have a significant impact on the history of Graubünden . They demand a presence of the bishop at court in Chur and the local clergy in their parishes. In addition, the parish election is now incumbent on the parishes. Canon law is taken out of all secular concerns.
- July 13 : Thomas Müntzer gives his prince sermon to Elector Johann and his son Johann Friedrich , in which he denounces social grievances and calls for the introduction of the Reformation .
- One year after Christian II was deposed and his uncle Friedrich I was elected King of Denmark , Friedrich also became King of Norway . The coronation will take place on August 7th in Copenhagen Cathedral. This re-established the personal union between Denmark and Norway , which will last until 1814 .
- October 28th : During the Italian wars , the French King Francis I begins the siege of the city of Pavia with his army .
- Beginning of the year: Spanish conquest of Mexico : Pedro de Alvarado conquered the realms of quiché and cakchiquel in today's Guatemala on behalf of Hernán Cortés . At the same time, Cortez takes action against his rival Cristóbal de Olid , who tries to establish an independent rule in Honduras , but is defeated by Cortez 'troops.
- February 20 : Tecun Uman , the last king of the Maya Quiché people, is slain by Pedro de Alvarado .
- After reaching the North American continent near Cape Fear on March 1st, the Italian Giovanni da Verrazzano, sailing on behalf of the French, turned north and was the first European to discover what is now New York Bay , Manhattan Island and the Hudson River .
- December 8th : The conquistador Francisco Hernández de Córdoba founds the city of Granada in what is now Nicaragua . In the same year he also founded León , today's León Viejo .
- May 23 : Tahmasp I becomes the second Shah of the Safavid dynasty in Iran after the death of his father Ismail I at the age of ten . The Kizilbasch take control of the state.
- Abu l-Abbas Ahmad succeeds his late father Abdallah Muhammad as Sultan of the Wattasids in Morocco . Like his father, he is a weak ruler under the growing influence of the Portuguese in the country. However, under the reign of his uncle Bu Hassun, the rise of the Saadians in southern Morocco can be halted for a short time, although they succeed in conquering Marakesch .
science and technology
- December 21: The reformer Friedrich Myconius founds the Latin school (later the Illustre grammar school and today's Ernestinum grammar school ) in Gotha , after Martin Luther advocated compulsory schooling for children.
Reformation and Counter Reformation
- October 9 : Martin Luther gives up his life as a monk of the Augustinian hermits.
- December 10th : The Protestant preacher Heinrich von Zütphen , attacked by Dominican monks , is killed in Heide in Holstein after severe abuse .
- At the urging of the Pope, Erasmus von Rotterdam writes the polemical pamphlet De libero arbitrio against Martin Luther and his teachings, in particular the doctrine of justification and the doctrine of predestination .
Hymn books and sacred songs
- In two competing editions of John Loersfeld or Matthes painter in appears Erfurt The Erfurt Enchiridion , one of the first Protestant hymnals . In the same year the eight-song book with eight songs by Martin Luther appears in Nuremberg and in Wittenberg Eyn geystlich Gesangk Buchleyn by Johann Walter with a foreword and several compositions by Martin Luther.
- Martin Luther wrote the Easter carol Christ lay in death bonds and the Christmas carols Christ we should already praise and bless you, Jesus Christ .
- Elisabeth Cruciger writes the text for the chorale Herr Christ, who unites God's son .
- Martin Luther composes three more stanzas for the 13th century hymn. Now we ask the Holy Spirit .
- An expedition squadron under Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón sails from Spain into the waters off Florida . A caravel is lost off Cape St. Helen . All survivors are massacred by indigenous people.
Date of birth saved
- January 24th : Johann Latomus , German canon and chronicler († 1598 )
- February 10 : Albrecht Giese , Danzig councilor and diplomat († 1580 )
- February 17 : Charles de Lorraine-Guise , French cardinal and diplomat († 1574 )
- May 30 : Selim II , Sultan of the Ottoman Empire († 1574 )
- August 15 : Michael Teuber , German legal scholar († 1586 )
- September 7th : Thomas Erastus , Swiss theologian († 1583 )
- October 9 : Ottavio Farnese , Duke of Parma and Piacenza († 1586 )
- October 14 : Elisabeth of Denmark and Norway , Duchess of Mecklenburg († 1586 )
- October 16 : Nicolas de Lorraine, duc de Mercoeur , French nobleman († 1577 )
- October 19 : Thomas Tusser , English poet and author of agricultural works († 1580 )
- December 19 : Johannes Vischer , German physician and university professor († 1587 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Andrea Calamech , Italian sculptor and architect of the Renaissance († 1589 )
- Paolo Farinato , Italian painter and architect († 1606 )
Born around 1524
- Josias Marcus , German legal scholar and civil servant († 1599 )
- Mikołaj z Wilkowiecka , Polish Pauline Abbot and author († 1601 )
First half of the year
- January 5th : Marko Marulić , Croatian poet and European humanist (* 1450 )
- January 16 : Alexander Gordon, 3rd Earl of Huntly , Scottish nobleman (* before 1464)
- February 10th : Catherine of Saxony , Archduchess of Austria and Regent of Tyrol (* 1468 )
- February 11 : Isabella of Aragón , Duchess of Milan, Duchess of Bari and Princess of Rossano (* 1470 )
- February 20 : Tecun Uman , last king of the Maya Quiché people (* around 1500 )
- March 23 : Giulia Farnese , Italian nobleman, mistress of Pope Alexander VI. and sister of Pope Paul III. (* 1474 )
- March 28 : Elisabeth of Brandenburg , Duchess of Württemberg (* 1451 )
- April 12 : Adriana von Hanau , Countess of Solms zu Lich (* 1470 )
- April 19 : Petrus Mosellanus , German philologist, theologian and doctor of the church (* 1493 )
- April 27 : Anton Tucher , German merchant and patron (* 1458 )
- May 21 : Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk , English general and courtier (* 1443 )
- May 23 : Ismail I , Iranian Shah, founder of the Safavid dynasty (* 1487 )
- May 31 : Camilla Battista Varano , Italian Poor Clare and mystic, Catholic saint (* 1458 )
- June 9 : Niccolò Leoniceno , Italian doctor, medical writer, philosopher, grammarian and humanist (* 1428 )
Second half of the year
- July 6th : Wilhelm Nesen , German humanist and educator (* 1492 )
- July 20 : Claude de France , Queen of France, wife of King Francis I (* 1499 )
- August 4 : Helene von der Pfalz , Countess Palatine von Simmern and Duchess of Mecklenburg (* 1493 )
- September 18 : Charlotte of France , French princess from the House of Valois (* 1516 )
- October 5 : Joachim Patinir , Dutch painter and draftsman (* around 1475 to 1480 )
- October 26 : Philip II , Count of Waldeck-Eisenberg (* 1453 )
- December 24th : Vasco da Gama , Portuguese navigator and discoverer of the sea route to India (* 1469 )
- December 28 : Johann von Staupitz , German theologian and supporter of Martin Luther (* 1465 )
- December 31 : Johannes Widmann , German professor of medicine and ducal personal physician (* around 1444 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Giovanni Aurelio Augurello , Italian humanist, poet and alchemist (* around 1456 )
- Boccaccio Boccaccino , Italian painter (* around 1467 )
- Abdallah Muhammad , Sultan of the Wattasids in Morocco (* before 1505)
- Caspar Schlumpf , Mayor of St. Gallen (* 15th century)
- Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar , Spanish conquistador and governor of Cuba (* 1465 )