Albrecht VII of Habsburg

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Albrecht VII of Austria
Signature of Albrecht VII of Habsburg.PNG
Portrait of Albert of Austria by Frans Pourbus the Younger , around 1599–1600
Portrait of Archduke Albrecht VII, regent of the southern Netherlands. Peter Paul Rubens , around 1609
Albrecht VII of Habsburg

Albrecht VII of Austria (born November 13, 1559 in Wiener Neustadt , † July 15, 1621 in Brussels ; also Albrecht the Pious , French Albert , English also Albert Ernst of Austria ) was regent of the Spanish Netherlands and Archduke .


Albrecht VII of Austria was born as the fifth son of Emperor Maximilian II and his wife Maria of Spain . He was educated at the court of Philip II of Spain and dedicated himself to the clergy. In the consistory of May 3, 1577, Pope Gregory XIII created him . , but did not confer on him the dignity of cardinal deacon of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme until 1580 , from which he resigned in 1598. In November 1594 he was briefly titular Archbishop of Philippi and Coadjutor of Toledo , shortly thereafter until his resignation in 1598 Archbishop of Toledo in Spain, but never received the ordination . From 1583 to 1595 Albrecht was Viceroy of Portugal and then Governor General of the southern Netherlands.

After Albrecht had left the clergy, he married the Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia , the 32-year-old daughter of Philip, who brought him the Netherlands with a bride and groom, with the stipulation that the latter should revert to Spain if the marriage remained childless. The couple went to the Spanish Netherlands, where Albrecht ruled as sovereign from 1599 in the title of Duke of Burgundy (1598) and contributed to the consolidation of Spanish rule. The hope that the fallen Dutch provinces could be won again, however, failed. Defeated by Moritz von Oranien near Nieuwpoort on July 2, 1600 , Albrecht concluded the twelve-year armistice in 1609 and died in Brussels in July 1621, shortly before the war began again . Isabella Clara Eugenia stayed as governor in the Netherlands.

He is considered an important patron of Dutch art of his time, especially of Peter Paul Rubens (see also Golden Age (Netherlands) ). The Italian composer and violin virtuoso Biagio Marini as well as the lutenist, theorbist, guitarist and composer Giovanni Paolo Foscarini also worked at Albrecht's court . Albrecht is the namesake of the Albertus Valley, which was first minted in the Spanish Netherlands and then spread out over a wide area .


Philip I (Castile) (1478–1506)
Ferdinand I. (HRR) (1503-1564)
Joan of Castile (1479–1555)
Maximilian II (HRR) (1527–1576)
Vladislav II (Bohemia and Hungary) (1456–1516)
Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547)
Anne de Foix-Candale (1484–1506)
Albrecht VII of Austria (1559–1621)
Philip I (Castile) (1478–1506)
Charles V (HRR) (1500–1558)
Joan of Castile (1479–1555)
Mary of Spain (1528-1603)
Manuel I (Portugal) (1469–1521)
Isabella of Portugal (1503–1539)
Mary of Aragon (1482-1517)


Web links

Commons : Albrecht VII von Habsburg  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. James Tyler: A Guide to Playing the Baroque Guitar. Indiana University Press, Bloomington / Indianapolis 2011, ISBN 978-0-253-22289-3 , p. 96 f.
predecessor Office successor
Gaspar I. de Quiroga y Vela Archbishop of Toledo
Garcia de Loaysa Giron
Pedro Henriquez de Acevedo Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands
Isabella Clara Eugenia