Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands

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The Habsburg Netherlands were the Burgundian Netherlands up to Charles V , the Spanish Netherlands before and the Austrian Netherlands after the War of the Spanish Succession and essentially comprised present-day Belgium , initially also present-day Netherlands . During the French Revolution , these areas were conquered by France and never returned to Austria.

The Habsburgs had this area ruled by governors- general and captains-general who came either from their own family or from the Catholic nobility loyal to the emperor. An exception was the era between 1596 and 1621, when the Spanish Netherlands were under the independent rule of Albrecht VII , Archduke of Austria, and his wife, Isabella Clara Eugenia , Infanta of Spain. The couple ruled as Titular Duke and Titular Duchess of Burgundy .

Spain's King Philip II had left the Netherlands as a bride's dowry for his daughter and son-in-law. Albrecht had previously been Cardinal Archbishop of Toledo (and as such also governor of the Spanish Netherlands), but then left the clergy. After Albrecht died childless, the Spanish Netherlands reverted to Spain according to the treaty; Albrecht's widow ruled from then on as the Spanish governor.

Burgundy Netherlands (Seventeen Provinces)

Against Farnese, Matthias of Austria was made governor by the rebellious provinces in 1578. But it played no role politically and could not prevail. He resigned in 1581, just before the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands declared independence from Spain.

Spanish Netherlands

  • 1706–1714 Occupied by the British and the United Netherlands

With the Treaty of Rastatt in 1714, the southern Netherlands went to the Austrian line of the House of Habsburg.

Austrian Netherlands

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Cf. Heinrich Benedikt: When Belgium was Austrian . Herold, Vienna, Munich 1965, p. 12 ff .