A military governor is the ruler in a country occupied by foreign troops, not equity, but foreign military government standing country or part of the country. The military governor is responsible only to his own government and the laws of his home country.
In German history there was
- during the First World War the General Government of Belgium , the General Government of Warsaw and the Upper East Region . The Generalgouvernement Lublin , the Generalgouvernement Serbia and the Generalgouvernement Montenegro were subordinate to the k. u. k. Monarchy ;
- during the Second World War the General Government on part of the territory of Poland ;
- After the Second World War, the military governors of the Allies , who had divided the German Empire into four zones of occupation . The Allied Control Council , in which the occupying powers were represented by their commanders-in-chief, as a collective body formed by them, could intervene in internal administrative decisions, or the zonal military governments of the Allied military governors had to be consulted beforehand by the regional German administrations on decisive local and regional matters.
The shugo , who were installed by the Ashikaga shoguns to rule over the provinces of Japan , are also referred to as military governors, in contrast to the kokushi appointed by the imperial family , who are then referred to as civil governors .