List of rulers of Burgundy

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Kingdom of Burgundy

The first Kingdom of Burgundy in the 5th century
Surname Reign
Gibica , King of the Burgundies 000-406
Giselher ?, King of the Burgundy ???
Godomar ?, King of the Burgundy ???
Gundahar (Gunther), King of the Burgundy 406-436
Gundioch (Gundowech, Gondioc), King of the Burgundy 436 - approx. 472
Chilperich I , King of the Burgundy 470 - approx. 480
Gundobad (Gundebald), King of Burgundy in Lyon and from 501 in all of Burgundy 480-516
Chilperic II (according to older research, King of the Burgundies in Valence, but according to more recent research doubtful) 473 - approx. 476 (according to recent research)
Godomar I (according to older research, King of the Burgundians in Vienne, but according to more recent research doubtful) 473 - approx. 476 (according to recent research)
Godegisel , King of the Burgundians in Geneva 473-501
Sigismund , King of the Burgundy 516-524
Godomar II , King of the Burgundy 524-534
In 534, Burgundy fell to the Merovingian Franconian Empire .

The Franconian part of Burgundy

The Franconian part of Burgundy
Surname Reign
Childebert I. , (personal union) 534-558
Chlothar I , King of Burgundy, (personal union) 558-561
Guntram I , King of Burgundy 561-592 (March 28)
Childebert II , King of Burgundy 592-596
Theuderic II , King of Burgundy 596-613
Sigibert II. King of Burgundy 613
Chlothar II , King of Burgundy 613-629
Dagobert I , King of Burgundy 629-639
Clovis II , King of Burgundy 639-657
Chlothar III. , King of Burgundy 657-673
Theuderic III. , King of Burgundy 673
Childeric II , King of Burgundy 673-675
Theuderic III, King of Burgundy 675-691
Clovis III , King of Burgundy 691-695
Childebert III. , King of Burgundy 695-711
Dagobert III. , King of Burgundy 711-715
Chilperic II , King of Burgundy 715-720
Theuderic IV , King of Burgundy 720-737
Interregnum 737-743
Childeric III. 743-751
Pippin the Younger , King of the Franks 751-768
Charlemagne , King of the Franks 768-814
Louis the Pious , King of the Franks 814-840
Lothar I , King of the Franks 823-855
Division of Prüm 855
Charles of Provence Kg. Of Burgundy 855-863

Kingdom of Burgundy (Arelat)

The kingdoms of Upper and Lower Burgundy and the Duchy of Burgundy in the 9th / 10th. century
The Kingdom of Burgundy in the 10th century

Lower Burgundy (Cisjurania) and Provence

Boso von Vienne rises himself king in Lower Burgundy and Provence after the death of King Ludwig II of West Franconia the Stammler . He is also the first non-Carolingian king of a Frankish part of the empire.

Surname Reign
Boso of Vienne 879-887
Ludwig (III.) The blind , emperor 887-924
Hugo of Arles 924-947
Association with Burgundy

Burgundy (Transjurania)

A Frankish ducat had existed in Transjuran Burgundy since the 9th century . Dux Rudolf I was elected king in 888. In 947, Upper Burgundy and Lower Burgundy were united and, after its formal capital, Arles, was also called the “Kingdom of Arelat” ( regnum Aerelatense ).

Surname Reign
Hugbert ??? - 864
Conrad of Auxerre 864-876
Rudolf I. 876-912
Rudolf II. 912-937
Konrad the Peaceful 937-993
Rudolf III. 993-1032

After a power struggle with Count Odo II of Blois, Emperor Konrad II united the Burgundian Regnum with the Holy Roman Empire, where it has since formed one of the three partial empires alongside the East Franconian and Italian. Lothar III. handed over the rectorate of Burgundy to Duke Conrad I of Zähringen . The last King of Burgundy to be formally enthroned in Arles was Emperor Charles IV in 1365.

Duchy of Burgundy

The Duchy of Burgundy comprised the part of old Burgundy which, according to the Treaty of Verdun (843), belonged to the West Franconian Regnum . A ducal power developed under Richard the judge . In its scope, the duchy largely corresponded to the present-day French region of Bourgogne .

Coat of arms of the Duchy of Burgundy since the 12th century.
Surname Reign
Richard the judge 918-921
Rudolf , King of West Franconia 921-923
Hugo the black 923-952
Giselbert 952-956
Hugo the Great 943-955
Otto 956-965
Henry the Great 965-1002
Robert (II.) The Pious , King of France 1002 - around 1016
Henry (I) , King of France at 1016-1032
Older house Burgundy
Robert I the Old 1032-1076
Hugo I. 1076-1078
Odo I. Borel 1078-1102
Hugo II Borel 1103-1143
Odo II 1143-1162
Hugo III 1162-1192
Odo III. 1192-1218
Hugo IV 1218-1272
Robert II 1272-1305
Hugo V. 1305-1315
Odo IV. 1315-1349
Philip I of Rouvres 1349-1361
Union of Burgundy with the Crown Domain

After the death of Duke Philip I, Burgundy was united with the French crown domain. King John II from the House of Valois soon apanaged his younger son with the duchy. He was able to win almost all of the Dutch provinces for his family through a clever marriage policy. Due to the rivalry between the dukes and their royal cousins ​​in the Hundred Years War , they appeared as de facto sovereign rulers and established a sizable empire in western Central Europe.

Coat of arms of the Dukes of Burgundy from the House of Valois .
The old coat of arms was combined with that of the new branch line of the Valois, and today corresponds to that of the Bourgogne region .
Surname Reign
Younger House Burgundy
Philip II the Bold 1363-1404
Johann without fear 1404-1419
Philip III the good 1419-1467
Charles the Bold 1467-1477
Maria 1477-1482

With Mary's death, the French king declared the duchy to be crown land, but Mary's husband, Archduke Maximilian I , also made a claim to Burgundy as the guardian of their son Philip the Fair . During the War of the Burgundian Succession , Maximilian was able to assert himself in the Free County and in the numerous Burgundian outlying lands (the Netherlands ). The actual duchy of Burgundy fell to the kings of France. Regardless of this, the Spanish line of the Habsburgs, despite the loss of the duchy, continued to use the ducal title, which is still included in the title of the Spanish king, but who is a Bourbon .

Further uses of the title:

Free County (Pfalzgrafschaft) Burgundy

The Free County of Burgundy emerges from the possessions of the Dukes of Burgundy from the Buviniden family, who was located to the left of the Saône and therefore belonged to the Kingdom of High Burgundy . These were the Amerous (Amous), Portois , Varais and Scodinque (Escuens) regions. On his death, Duke Hugo the Black left these areas to his brother-in-law Liétald II of Mâcon , whose descendants called themselves "Counts of Burgundy across the Saône". The main town of the principality thus created was Besançon . Liétald's younger brother received the land around Salins-les-Bains and thus became the progenitor of the Lords of Salins . After the Kingdom of Burgundy was united with the Holy Roman Empire in 1033, the Free Counts advanced to become imperial princes. Through the marriage of Countess Beatrix to Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa , the Free County came to the Staufer dynasty . Count Otto II. Was the first to call himself "Count Palatine of Burgundy" ( comes palatinus de Burgundia ). Since the late 13th century, the count palatine orientated themselves more towards France. Under Margaret of France there was a personal union with the county of Flanders in 1361 , and in 1384 these areas were united with the Duchy of Burgundy. The extent of the free county corresponded to what is now the French region of Franche-Comté .

old coat of arms of the Free County of Burgundy
The coat of arms of the Free County since the late 13th century.
It corresponds to the coat of arms of today's French region Franche-Comté.
Surname Reign
Liétald II. 952-958 / 61
Aubry II. 958 / 61-981
House of Burgundy Ivrea
Otto Wilhelm 982-1026
Rainald I. 1026-1057
Wilhelm I. 1057-1087
Rainald II. 1087-1097
Wilhelm II the German 1097-1125
William III. the child 1125-1127
Rainald III. 1127-1148
Beatrix I. 1148-1184
Friedrich I. Barbarossa , Roman Emperor 1156-1190
Otto I. 1190-1200
Johanna I. 1200-1205
Beatrix II. 1205-1231
House Andechs-Meranien
Otto II. 1231-1234
Otto III. 1234-1248
Adelheid 1248-1279
House Chalon
Hugo von Chalon (1st husband of Adelheid) 1248-1266
Philip of Savoy (2nd husband of Adelheid) 1267-1279
Otto IV. 1279-1303
Robert 1303-1315
Joan II , Queen of France 1315-1330
Johanna III. 1330-1347
Older house Burgundy
Odo IV , Duke of Burgundy 1330-1347
Philip I of Rouvres , Duke of Burgundy 1347-1361
Margarethe 1361-1382
House Dampierre
Ludwig II , Count of Flanders 1382-1383
Margaret III , Countess of Flanders 1383-1405
Younger House Burgundy
Philip II the Bold , Duke of Burgundy 1383-1404
Johann without fear , Duke of Burgundy 1404-1419
Philip III the good , Duke of Burgundy 1419-1467
Charles the Bold , Duke of Burgundy 1467-1477
Mary , Duchess of Burgundy 1477-1482

Maximilian von Habsburg , Mary's husband and from 1486 Roman-German King , was able to claim the Free County of Burgundy for the House of Habsburg in the Burgundian War of Succession (1477–1493) . His grandson, King Charles I of Spain , granted his descendants in Spain the free county when the Habsburg inheritance was divided.

Surname Reign
Philip I the Handsome , King of Castile 1482-1506
Karl I./V. , King of Spain, Roman Emperor 1506-1556
Philip II , King of Spain 1556-1598
Philip III , King of Spain 1598-1621
Philip IV , King of Spain 1621-1665
Charles II , King of Spain 1665-1678

In the wars of reunion ( Dutch War , 1667–1714) of the French king Louis XIV , the free county was occupied by France in 1678. The peace of Nijmegen , concluded in the same year, confirmed France's conquest.

See also

House Burgundy (Portugal)

Individual evidence

  1. Felipe VI heredará más de 30 títulos cuando sea proclamado Rey., June 4, 2014, accessed January 31, 2015 (Spanish).