Reign of Salin

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The rule of Salins around the town of Salins-les-Bains in the Jura department was one of the richest possessions in medieval Burgundy. The basis of prosperity was the saltworks , one of the richest in Central Europe, which had been industrially exploited since the High Middle Ages. Due to their economic and political importance, the Lords of Salins were among the princes of Burgundy .

Count Aubry von Mâcon bought the Salins rule in 942, the importance of which at that time was based primarily on the convenient location between France, Germany and Italy. It was not until the 11th century that such extensive investments were made in salt mining that mass production became possible. In the middle of the 13th century the economic importance of the place and the power of the Lord of Salins reached their peak. The Duke of Burgundy bought Salins in 1224 and exchanged it with Jean de Châlon for two counties in 1237. The marriage of Johann's son Hugo with Alix, the heiress of the Free County of Burgundy, combined the rule of Salin with the Free County and later with the Duchy of Burgundy.

In addition to the rule of Salin, from the 11th century there was also a much less important vice-county of Salin , half of which was acquired in 1280 by Count Palatine Otto IV , who also owned the rule of Salin. The title Vicomte de Salins was used in the still existing Bauffremont house from the 16th century .

House Mâcon

  • Aubry I († probably 943) Count of Mâcon , Lord of Salins
  • Humbert I, testified in 944, his younger son, Herr von Salins
  • Humbert II., 958/971, his son
  • Gaucher II, attested after 1039, his son
  • Gaucher III., † after 1084, his son
  • Humbert III, his son
  • Gaucher IV, his son
  • Maurette, † after 1218, heiress of Salins; ∞ Gerhard I , Count of Mâcon and Vienne

House of Burgundy Ivrea

  • Gaucher von Vienne († 1219) Lord von Salins, son of Gerhard I .; ∞ I Mahaut de Bourbon , daughter of Archambault VII ; ∞ II Adelaide de Dreux , daughter of Count Robert II.
  • Margarete († 1257/59) 1219/25 Dame de Salins, daughter of Gaucher IV., Sold 1225 Salins

Older house Burgundy

  • Hugo IV. (1212–1272) Duke of Burgundy, buys Salins in 1225

Burgundy-Ivrea house , Chalon line

  • John the Wise († 1267) Count of Auxonne and Chalon 1213–1237, exchanged 1237 with Duke Hugo IV. Chalon and Auxonne for Salins
  • Hugo († 1266) lord of Salins, son of Johann, 1248 Count of Burgundy ; ∞ Adelheid von Andechs-Meranien, Countess Palatine of Burgundy
  • Otto IV. († 1302) 1266–1302 Lord of Salins, 1379–1302 Count Palatine of Burgundy, son of Hugo and Adelheid ∞ Mathilde von Artois
  • Robert , 1302–1315 Count Palatine of Burgundy, son of Otto and Mathilde
  • Johanna II. († 1330) 1315–1330 Mistress of Salins, Countess Palatine of Burgundy, daughter of Otto IV .; ∞ Philip V , King of France


  • Johanna III. (1308–1343) 1330–1347 Countess Palatine of Burgundy, Countess of Artois, Mistress of Salins, daughter of Johannas II. ∞
  • Odo IV. (1295–1350) 1315 Duke of Burgundy, 1330 Count Palatine of Burgundy, Count of Arois, Auxonne and Chalon, Lord of Salins

Older house Burgundy

  • Philippe Monsieur (1323–1346) Lord of Salins, Hereditary Duke of Burgundy, son of Johannas and Odos
  • Philip of Rouvres (1346–1361) Duke of Burgundy, son of Philippe Monsieur; ∞
  • Margaret of Burgundy (around 1312–1382) Countess of Artois, Countess Palatine of Burgundy, Mistress of Salins, daughter Johannas II. (Inherits the Palatinate and Salins as Johanna's next heir and not as wife of Philip), ∞ Ludwig I , Count of Flanders (1330-1383)

House of Flanders

The dominion of Salin goes into the possession and inheritance of the House of Burgundy.