The county of Dreux with the capital Dreux was an old French county in the north of the Pays Chartrain on the borders of the Île-de-France and Normandy , to which it originally belonged.
The county belonged to the Robertinians , but at the beginning of the 10th century it was subject to a Landry, whose daughter Eva gave it to Count Walter (Gautier) von Vexin as a dowry . It later fell to Richard I of Normandy , whose daughter she in turn brought into her marriage to Count Odo II of Blois in 1017 .
The French King Robert II took the county from Odo and added it to Domaine royal . King Ludwig VI. gave it in 1137 to his son Robert , the progenitor of the House of France-Dreux .
In 1377, after the death of Simon von Thouars , Count von Dreux, the heirs sold the county to the king. After 1382, King Charles VI. she to Arnaud-Amanieu d'Albret , one of his most capable officers, who had been married to Margaret of Bourbon, his sister-in-law, since 1368.
In 1556 Dreux fell back to the crown and in 1559 became part of the morning gift for Catherine de Medici ; In 1569 the county was raised to a duchy and a peerage and given to Duke Franz von Alençon († 1584) as Paragium , who later became Duke of Anjou .
In 1584 Dreux was sold to the dukes of Nemours and only returned under Louis XV. returned to the possession of the crown.
Count of Dreux
- Hugo the Great († 956), from 922 a. a. Count of Vexin ( Robertiner )
- Landry, early 10th century
- Walter (presumably identical to Count Walter I. von Vexin )
- Richard I of Normandy († 996) ( Rollonids ), son-in-law of Hugo the Great
- Odo II of Blois († 1037) ( Blois house ), Richard's son-in-law, without descendants from this marriage
House of France Dreux
- 1137–1184: Robert I. le Grand ( * 1123; † 1188), Count of Dreux Dreux, Le Perche and Braine , son of King Ludwig VI.
- 1184–1218: Robert II. Le Jeune (the boy) (* 1154; † 1218), son of Roberts I and Agnes von Baudemont.
- 1218–1234: Robert III Gasteblé (* 1185; † 1234), son of Robert II and Jolanthe (Yolande) von Coucy.
- 1234–1249: Johann I. (Jean I.) (* 1215; † 1249), son of Roberts III.
- 1249–1282: Robert IV (* 1241; † 1282), Count of Dreux, Braine and Montfort-l'Amaury , son of Johann I.
- 1282–1309: John II the Good (Jean II. Le Bon ) (* 1265; † 1309), son of Robert IV.
- 1309–1329: Robert V. (* 1293; † 1329), son of John II and Jeanne de Beaujeu
- 1329-1331: John III. (Jean III.) (* 1295; † 1331), brother Roberts V.
- 1331–1345: Peter I (Pierre I) , (* 1298; † 1345), brother of Johann III.
- 1345–1346: Johanna I. (Jeanne I.) , (* 1345; † 1346), daughter of Peters I.
- 1346–1355: Johanna II. (Jeanne II.) , (* 1309; † 1355), aunt Johannas I, married to Ludwig , Vice Count of Thouars († 1370)
House of Thouars
- 1355–1365: Simon de Thouars († 1365), son of Ludwig and Johannas II.
- 1365–1377: Perenelle de Thouars († 1397), daughter of Ludwig and Johannas II.
- 1365–1377: Isabeau de Thouars, daughter of Ludwig and Johannas II.
- 1365–1377: Marguerite de Thouars († 1404), daughter of Ludwig and Johannas II.
In 1377 the three sisters sold Dreux to the crown
- 1382–1401: Arnaud-Amanieu d'Albret (* 1338; † 1401), Lord of Albret
- 1401–1415: Charles I. d'Albret († 1415), his son
- 1415–1442: Charles II. D'Albret (* 1407; † 1471), his son
- 1442-1444: Johanna III. (Jeanne III.) D'Albret († 1444), whose daughter marries Duke Arthur III. of Brittany (* 1393; † 1458)
- 1491–1524: Jean d'Albret, sire d' Orval († 1524), nephew Johannas
House of Bourbon
- Louis I. de Bourbon (* 1530; † 1569), 1557 Count of Soissons
- Charles de Bourbon-Condé (* 1566; † 1612), 1569 Count of Soissons and Dreux, his son
- Louis de Bourbon-Condé (* 1604, † 1641), 1612 Count of Soissons, Dreux and Clermont-en-Beauvaisis, his son
- Marie de Bourbon (* 1606; † 1692), 1641 Countess of Soissons, his sister
House of Savoy
- Thomas of Savoy (* 1596; † 1656) Prince of Carignan , 1641 Count of Soissons ( iure uxoris ), her husband
- Eugen Moritz von Savoyen-Carignan (* 1635; † 1673) Count of Soissons and Dreux, their son
- Emanuel-Philibert von Savoyen-Carignan (* 1662; † 1676), 1692 Count von Dreux, his son
- Marie de Nemours (* 1625; † 1707), 1676 Countess von Dreux
House of Bourbon
- Louis II. Joseph de Bourbon (* 1654; † 1712) Duke of Vendôme, 1707 Count of Dreux
- Marie Anne de Bourbon-Condé (* 1678; † 1718), 1712 Countess von Dreux, his widow
- Anna Henriette von Pfalz-Simmern (* 1648; † 1723), 1718 Countess von Dreux, her sister-in-law
House of Bourbon
- Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon (* 1676; † 1753), 1723 Countess von Dreux, their daughter
- Louis Auguste II. De Bourbon (* 1700; † 1755), Duke of Maine, 1753 Count von Dreux, their son
- Louis Charles de Bourbon (* 1701; † 1775), Count of Eu, 1755 Count of Dreux, his brother
- Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon (* 1725; † 1793), Duke of Penthièvre, 1775 Count von Dreux, his uncle