Rudolf of Burgundy

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Rudolf of Burgundy (Latin Rodulfus , French de Raoul Bourgogne ; * before 890, † 15 January 936 in Auxerre ) from the family of Buviniden was Duke of Burgundy and Count of Auxerre , succeeding his father, Richard the magistrate , and was 923 to King of France elected.

Rudolf's father-in-law, anti-king Robert I , a brother of King Odo of Paris , was on June 15, 923 in the battle of Soissons against his rival, the Carolingian Karl III. the simple-minded , please. Robert's troops, however, defeated Charles' army; therefore his followers could choose a successor immediately after his death. After Robert's son Hugo the Great refused the throne, Rudolf was made King of France. On July 13, 923 he was crowned in Soissons .

Soon afterwards, Charles III. lured into a trap by Count Heribert II von Vermandois , a Carolingian and at the same time relatives and partisans of Rudolf by marriage. Heribert invited Karl to negotiate and then took him prisoner. Karl remained in custody until his death in 929. From then on Rudolf was the sole king, but Heribert did not hand over the prisoner Karl to him, but kept the Carolingian in his custody in order to have some leverage against Rudolf. When Heribert got into an argument with Rudolf in 927, he got Karl out and recognized him as the rightful king, but at the same time kept him in captivity until Karl died in 929.

After Karl's capture, the East Frankish King Henry I was no longer bound by an agreement in which he had granted Karl Lorraine. In 925, Duke Giselbert submitted to the Eastern Frankish King, who was able to assert himself in Lorraine. Rudolf could not prevent the loss of Lorraine. This made a momentous decision about the future course of the French eastern border.

Rudolf of Burgundy was buried in the Sainte-Colombe Abbey in Sens .

He was married to Emma († 935), a daughter of Robert I, since 910/914 , with whom he had a son who probably died in 934. Since Rudolf did not have a male heir, Ludwig IV , a son of Charles the Simple, became his successor after his death .


  • Jean Dufour (ed.): Recueil des actes de Robert Ier et de Raoul, rois de France (922-936) . Imprimerie Nationale et al., Paris 1978 ( Chartes et diplomes relatifs a l'histoire de France ).


  • Philippe Lauer : Robert Ier and Raoul de Bourgogne. Rois de France (923-936) . Champion, Paris 1910, ( Bibliothèque de l'École des Hautes Études - Sciences philologiques et historiques 188, ISSN  0761-148X ), (basic research; online here ).
predecessor Office successor
Richard the judge Duke of Burgundy
Hugo the black
Richard the judge Count of Sens
Hugo the black
Robert I. King of Western France
Ludwig IV the overseas